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Disease relevance of Acanthaceae

  • The leaves of Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Wall ex Nees (Acanthaceae) are used as a medicinal herb in the treatment of infectious diseases [1].
  • Treatment of diabetic rats with aerial parts of Hygrophila auriculata extract (HAEt, 100 and 250 mg/kg body weight) for 3 weeks showed significant reduction in blood glucose, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and hydroperoxide in both liver and kidney [2].
  • The objective of the present study was to evaluate the gastric cytoprotective activity of the methanol extract of aerial parts of the plant Barleria lupulina Lindl (Acanthaceae) in albino rats using various models of ulcers such as drug induced ulcers, restraint ulcers, duodenal ulcers and pylorus ligated ulcers [3].
  • Crude extracts and partially purified as well as purified fractions were prepared from three Thai medicinal plants, namely, Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl, Plumbago indica Linn, and Rhinacanthus nasuthus Kurz, and then tested for their mutagenic and antimutagenic potentials using the Salmonella/microsome mutagenicity test [4].

High impact information on Acanthaceae


Associations of Acanthaceae with chemical compounds


Gene context of Acanthaceae


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  2. Action of Hygrophila auriculata against streptozotocin-induced oxidative stress. Vijayakumar, M., Govindarajan, R., Rao, G.M., Rao, C.h.V., Shirwaikar, A., Mehrotra, S., Pushpangadan, P. Journal of ethnopharmacology. (2006) [Pubmed]
  3. Antiulcer activity of methanol fraction of Barleria lupulina Lindl. in animal models. Suba, V., Murugesan, T., Pal, M., Mandal, S.C., Saha, B.P. Phytotherapy research : PTR. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Mutagenicity and antimutagenicity of Thai medicinal plants. Rojanapo, W., Tepsuwan, A., Siripong, P. Basic Life Sci. (1990) [Pubmed]
  5. delta 6 Hexadecenoic acid is synthesized by the activity of a soluble delta 6 palmitoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase in Thunbergia alata endosperm. Cahoon, E.B., Cranmer, A.M., Shanklin, J., Ohlrogge, J.B. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Separation of andrographolide and neoandrographolide from the leaves of Andrographis paniculata using high-speed counter-current chromatography. Qizhen, D., Jerz, G., Winterhalter, P. Journal of chromatography. A. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. The hyphomycete Teberdinia hygrophila gen. nov., sp. nov. and related anamorphs of Pseudeurotium species. Sogonov, M.V., Schroers, H.J., Gams, W., Dijksterhuis, J., Summerbell, R.C. Mycologia (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Bioactive polysaccharides from the stems of the Thai medicinal plant Acanthus ebracteatus: their chemical and physical features. Hokputsa, S., Harding, S.E., Inngjerdingen, K., Jumel, K., Michaelsen, T.E., Heinze, T., Koschella, A., Paulsen, B.S. Carbohydr. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Protective effect of Asteracantha longifolia extract in mouse liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride and paracetamol. Hewawasam, R.P., Jayatilaka, K.A., Pathirana, C., Mudduwa, L.K. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  10. Flavonoids from Andrographis viscosula. Rao, Y.K., Damu, A.G., Rao, A.J., Venkatesan, S., Kuo, P.C., Rao, C.V., Wu, T.S. Chem. Pharm. Bull. (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. Indoxyl-UDPG-glucosyltransferase from Baphicacanthus cusia. Marcinek, H., Weyler, W., Deus-Neumann, B., Zenk, M.H. Phytochemistry (2000) [Pubmed]
  12. Iridoid glucosides from Thunbergia laurifolia. Kanchanapoom, T., Kasai, R., Yamasaki, K. Phytochemistry (2002) [Pubmed]
  13. Lignan glucosides from Acanthus ilicifolius. Kanchanapoom, T., Kamel, M.S., Kasai, R., Yamasaki, K., Picheansoonthon, C., Hiraga, Y. Phytochemistry (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. 2-O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl glycerol hexaacetate from Ruellia brittoniana. Ahmad, V.U., Choudhary, M.I., Akhtar, M.F., Ahmed, M., Rizwani, G.H., Usmanghani, K., Clardy, J. J. Nat. Prod. (1990) [Pubmed]
  15. Contents of 1,4-benzoxazin-3-ones and 2-benzoxazolinone from Stenandrium dulce (Nees). Bravo, H.R., Copaja, S.V., San Martín, J. Z. Naturforsch., C, J. Biosci. (2004) [Pubmed]
  16. Hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of Hygrophila auriculata (K. Schum) Heine Acanthaceae root extract. Shanmugasundaram, P., Venkataraman, S. Journal of ethnopharmacology. (2006) [Pubmed]
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