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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Cynodon

  • A strain of Spirillum lipoferum with intense red pigmentation was isolated from the roots of Cynodon dactylon "Coastal." This isolate vigorously reduced acetylene when grown in N-free, Na-malate, semisolid agar, and it was identical to S. lipoferum strain SP7 by standard taxonomic tests [1].

High impact information on Cynodon

  • BG60 is an important allergen of Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) pollen, which causes allergic responses in human [2].
  • Curiously, among 124 CISPs evaluated across Oryza, Sorghum, Pennisetum, Cynodon, Eragrostis, Zea, Triticum, and Hordeum, 23 (18.5%) seemed to be subject to rigid intron size constraints that were independent of per-nucleotide DNA sequence variation [3].
  • BACKGROUND: Cyn d I has been found to be the major allergen of Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) pollen, but its exact nature remains to be clarified [4].
  • Cupric oxide oxidation of undigested and digested bermudagrass fiber indicated that phenolic constituents differed in their order of resistance to removal or solubilization [5].
  • Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences identified the phytoplasmas present in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.), Cynodon dactylon L., Conyza canadensis L [6].

Anatomical context of Cynodon

  • A 5 X 5 Latin square design was used to study the effects on nitrogen balance, wool growth and plasma amino acids of infusing methionine and (or) glucose into the abomasum of growing wethers fed formaldehyde-treated Coastal bermudagrass (F-CBG) or untreated Coastal bermudagrass hay [7].

Associations of Cynodon with chemical compounds


Gene context of Cynodon

  • Mini-hairpin primers and ASAP analysis significantly increased detection of polymorphic DNA, separating closely related bermudagrass (Cynodon) cultivars and detecting putatively linked markers in bulked segregant analysis of the soybean (Glycine max) supernodulation (nitrate-tolerant symbiosis) locus [13].
  • Characterization of the major allergen of Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) pollen, Cyn d I [14].
  • A panel of 16 monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) directed against Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) pollen (BGP) were generated for identification and purification of the major allergenic components of the eliciting antigen (Ag) [15].
  • The greatest N removal was measured for CBR in the first cycle (408 kg ha(-1)), with the bermudagrass removing an average of 191 kg N ha(-1) [16].
  • Tifton 85 bermudagrass had lower concentrations of lignin and ether-linked ferulic acid and greater concentrations of NDF, ADF, hemicellulose, and cellulose than CBG (P < .05) [17].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Cynodon

  • An allergen from Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) pollen, Cyn d I, has been purified by a combination of concanavalin A-Sepharose affinity chromatography, and carboxymethyl-Sepharose chromatography [14].
  • An experiment was designed to determine the transport of nitrate N and phosphate P from simulated golf course fairways of 'Tifway' bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.]. Fertilizer treatments were 10-10-10 granular at three rates and rainfall events were simulated at four intervals after treatment (hours after treatment, HAT) [18].
  • Differences in N removal between a corn (Zea mays L.)-bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.)-rye (Secale cereale L.) system (CBR) and corn-perennial peanut (Arachis glabrata Benth.)-rye system (CPR) were primarily related to the performance of the perennial forages [16].


  1. Nitrogen fixation, denitrification, and pleomorphic growth in a highly pigmented Spirillum lipoferum. Eskew, D.L., Focht, D.D., Ting, I.P. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  2. The carbohydrate moiety of the bermuda grass antigen BG60. New oligosaccharides of plant origin. Ohsuga, H., Su, S.N., Takahashi, N., Yang, S.Y., Nakagawa, H., Shimada, I., Arata, Y., Lee, Y.C. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. A comparative genomics strategy for targeted discovery of single-nucleotide polymorphisms and conserved-noncoding sequences in orphan crops. Feltus, F.A., Singh, H.P., Lohithaswa, H.C., Schulze, S.R., Silva, T.D., Paterson, A.H. Plant Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. Use of monoclonal antibodies to isolate and characterize Cyn d I, the major allergen of Bermuda grass pollen. Han, S.H., Chang, Z.N., Chi, C.W., Perng, H.J., Liu, C.C., Tsai, J.J., Tam, M.F. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. Degradation of polysaccharides and lignin by ruminal bacteria and fungi. Akin, D.E., Benner, R. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  6. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma graminis' and 'Candidatus Phytoplasma caricae', two novel phytoplasmas associated with diseases of sugarcane, weeds and papaya in Cuba. Arocha, Y., López, M., Piñol, B., Fernández, M., Picornell, B., Almeida, R., Palenzuela, I., Wilson, M.R., Jones, P. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Nitrogen balance, abomasal crude protein and amino acids in wethers fed formaldehyde-treated coastal bermudagrass and infused with methionine, glucose or monensin. Moore, C.K., Amos, H.E., Evans, J.J., Lowrey, R.S., Burdick, D. J. Anim. Sci. (1980) [Pubmed]
  8. Effect of monensin on gain and forage utilization by calves grazing bermudagrass. Rouquette, F.M., Griffin, J.L., Randel, R.D., Carroll, L.H. J. Anim. Sci. (1980) [Pubmed]
  9. Nitrogen metabolism of growing lambs fed coastal bermudagrass as influenced by formaldehyde treatment and glucose. Amos, H.E., Evans, J.J. J. Anim. Sci. (1980) [Pubmed]
  10. Effects of supplementing growing steers with high levels of partially hydrogenated tallow on feed intake, digestibility, live weight gain, and carcass characteristics. Patil, A.R., Goetsch, A.L., Lewis, P.K., Heird, C.E. J. Anim. Sci. (1993) [Pubmed]
  11. Short communication: effect of tannic acid on composition and ruminal degradability of bermudagrass and alfalfa silages. Santos, G.T., Oliveira, R.L., Petit, H.V., Cecato, U., Zeoula, L.M., Rigolon, L.P., Damasceno, J.C., Branco, A.F., Bett, V. J. Dairy Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  12. Comparision of atrazine and metolachlor affinity for bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon L.) and two soils. Dozier, M.C., Senseman, S.A., Hoffman, D.W., Baumann, P.A. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  13. Generation of sequence signatures from DNA amplification fingerprints with mini-hairpin and microsatellite primers. Caetano-Anollés, G., Gresshoff, P.M. BioTechniques (1996) [Pubmed]
  14. Characterization of the major allergen of Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) pollen, Cyn d I. Matthiesen, F., Schumacher, M.J., Løwenstein, H. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  15. Analysis of allergenic components of Bermuda grass pollen by monoclonal antibodies. Chang, Z.N., Tsai, L.C., Chi, C.W., Wang, M.C., Shen, H.D., Lee, D.T., Han, S.H. Allergy (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Nitrogen removal and nitrate leaching for two perennial, sod-based forage systems receiving dairy effluent. Woodard, K.R., French, E.C., Sweat, L.A., Graetz, D.A., Sollenberger, L.E., Macoon, B., Portier, K.M., Rymph, S.J., Wade, B.L., Prine, G.M., Van Horn, H.H. J. Environ. Qual. (2003) [Pubmed]
  17. Comparison of Tifton 85 and Coastal bermudagrasses for yield, nutrient traits, intake, and digestion by growing beef steers. Mandebvu, P., West, J.W., Hill, G.M., Gates, R.N., Hatfield, R.D., Mullinix, B.G., Parks, A.H., Caudle, A.B. J. Anim. Sci. (1999) [Pubmed]
  18. Phosphorus and nitrate nitrogen in runoff following fertilizer application to turfgrass. Shuman, L.M. J. Environ. Qual. (2002) [Pubmed]
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