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MeSH Review

Anterior Temporal Lobectomy

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Disease relevance of Anterior Temporal Lobectomy


Psychiatry related information on Anterior Temporal Lobectomy


High impact information on Anterior Temporal Lobectomy

  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term effectiveness of anterior temporal lobectomy for refractory epilepsy with regard to seizure control and related medical and psychosocial measures and to determine how patterns of early seizure recurrence relate to long-term prognosis [7].
  • In 5 of 6 patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy the interictal 18FDG scan correctly detected the pathologically confirmed lesion as a hypometabolic zone, and removal of the lesion site resulted in marked clinical improvement [8].
  • We assessed the relationship between temporal lobe metabolism measured quantitatively and qualitatively with PET using [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and postoperative seizure frequency after anterior temporal lobectomy [9].
  • Predictors of outcome after anterior temporal lobectomy: the intracarotid amobarbital test [10].
  • The effects of stimulus quality on the amplitude, peak latency, onset latency, and duration of the P300 component of the event-related brain potential were studied in patients with either a left or a right anterior temporal lobectomy and in normal controls [11].

Anatomical context of Anterior Temporal Lobectomy


Associations of Anterior Temporal Lobectomy with chemical compounds


Gene context of Anterior Temporal Lobectomy

  • Hippocampal lesions in anterior temporal lobectomy specimens tend to involve the subfields less selectively with CA1 being only slightly more severely affected than dentate granule cells, CA3 and CA2 pyramidal neurones [19].
  • Seventy-four patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy were administered the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test preoperatively and approximately 6 months postoperatively [20].
  • We repeated MEG measurement 3 months after right anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) in the TLE patient; 3 months after anticonvulsant medication in the FLE patient [21].
  • Further studies are ongoing to determine if these ERP abnormalities predict hippocampal sclerosis on histopathology, or outcome after anterior temporal lobectomy [22].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Anterior Temporal Lobectomy


  1. Transient trochlear nerve palsy following anterior temporal lobectomy for epilepsy. Jacobson, D.M., Warner, J.J., Ruggles, K.H. Neurology (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. Dysnomia after left anterior temporal lobectomy without functional mapping: frequency and correlates. Hermann, B.P., Wyler, A.R., Somes, G., Clement, L. Neurosurgery (1994) [Pubmed]
  3. Bradycardia and sinus arrest following saline irrigation of the brain during epilepsy surgery. Sinha, P.K., Neema, P.K., Manikandan, S., Unnikrishnan, K.P., Rathod, R.C. Journal of neurosurgical anesthesiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Postoperative myoclonus simulating seizure recurrence: a rare complication of anterior temporal lobectomy. Koutroumanidis, M., Hennessy, M.J., Chandler, C. British journal of neurosurgery. (2001) [Pubmed]
  5. Indication for anterior temporal lobectomy in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and psychopathology. Matsuura, M. Epilepsia (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Preoperative psychological adjustment and surgical outcome are determinants of psychosocial status after anterior temporal lobectomy. Hermann, B.P., Wyler, A.R., Somes, G. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1992) [Pubmed]
  7. Temporal lobectomy for refractory epilepsy. Sperling, M.R., O'Connor, M.J., Saykin, A.J., Plummer, C. JAMA (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Epileptic patterns of local cerebral metabolism and perfusion in humans determined by emission computed tomography of 18FDG and 13NH3. Kuhl, D.E., Engel, J., Phelps, M.E., Selin, C. Ann. Neurol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  9. Predictors of outcome after anterior temporal lobectomy: positron emission tomography. Manno, E.M., Sperling, M.R., Ding, X., Jaggi, J., Alavi, A., O'Connor, M.J., Reivich, M. Neurology (1994) [Pubmed]
  10. Predictors of outcome after anterior temporal lobectomy: the intracarotid amobarbital test. Sperling, M.R., Saykin, A.J., Glosser, G., Moran, M., French, J.A., Brooks, M., O'Connor, M.J. Neurology (1994) [Pubmed]
  11. P300 in patients with unilateral temporal lobectomies: the effects of reduced stimulus quality. Scheffers, M.K., Johnson, R., Ruchkin, D.S. Psychophysiology. (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Event-related potentials related to recognition memory. Effects of unilateral temporal lobectomy and temporal lobe epilepsy. Rugg, M.D., Roberts, R.C., Potter, D.D., Pickles, C.D., Nagy, M.E. Brain (1991) [Pubmed]
  13. Perception and priming of affective faces in temporal lobectomy patients. Burton, L.A., Wyatt, G., Rabin, L., Frohlich, J., Vardy, S.B., Dimitri, D., Douglas, L. Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology : official journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. (2003) [Pubmed]
  14. A role for the right anterior temporal lobe in taste quality recognition. Small, D.M., Jones-Gotman, M., Zatorre, R.J., Petrides, M., Evans, A.C. J. Neurosci. (1997) [Pubmed]
  15. Fentanyl-induced electrocorticographic seizures in patients with complex partial epilepsy. Tempelhoff, R., Modica, P.A., Bernardo, K.L., Edwards, I. J. Neurosurg. (1992) [Pubmed]
  16. Unilateral inferior temporal lobectomy with hippocampectomy for relief of incisural herniation. Scoville, W.B., Bettis, D.B. Acta neurochirurgica. (1979) [Pubmed]
  17. Recent advancements in epilepsy. Wyler, A.R., Vossler, D.G. Surgical neurology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  18. Sedative doses of remifentanil have minimal effect on ECoG spike activity during awake epilepsy surgery. Herrick, I.A., Craen, R.A., Blume, W.T., Novick, T., Gelb, A.W. Journal of neurosurgical anesthesiology. (2002) [Pubmed]
  19. Excitotoxicity and epileptic brain damage. Meldrum, B. Epilepsy Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  20. Executive system dysfunction in temporal lobe epilepsy: effects of nociferous cortex versus hippocampal pathology. Hermann, B., Seidenberg, M. Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology : official journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. (1995) [Pubmed]
  21. Magnetoencephalographic study of rhythmic mid-temporal discharges in non-epileptic and epileptic patients. Lin, Y.Y., Wu, Z.A., Hsieh, J.C., Yu, H.Y., Kwan, S.Y., Yen, D.J., Yiu, C.H., Ho, L.T. Seizure : the journal of the British Epilepsy Association. (2003) [Pubmed]
  22. Reduced sensitivity of the N400 and late positive component to semantic congruity and word repetition in left temporal lobe epilepsy. Olichney, J.M., Riggins, B.R., Hillert, D.G., Nowacki, R., Tecoma, E., Kutas, M., Iragui, V.J. Clinical EEG (electroencephalography). (2002) [Pubmed]
  23. Electrophysiological correlates of pathology and surgical results in temporal lobe epilepsy. Engel, J., Driver, M.V., Falconer, M.A. Brain (1975) [Pubmed]
  24. Patient readmission and support utilization following anterior temporal lobectomy. Wilson, S.J., Kincade, P., Saling, M.M., Bladin, P.F. Seizure : the journal of the British Epilepsy Association. (1999) [Pubmed]
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