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Chemical Compound Review

Regalis     calcium 1-(4-carboxy-2,6-dioxo...

Synonyms: Viviful, Apogee, KIM-112, KUH-833, HSDB 7252, ...
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Disease relevance of 4-(1-hydroxypropylidene)-3,5-dioxo-cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid

  • CONCLUSION: The Apogee and Perigee systems comprise an innovative technique for vaginal vault reconstruction and prolapse repair [1].
  • Three testosterone (T) implant experiments were carried out to investigate the hormonal control of seasonal hypertrophy in the sound producing, or sonic, muscles of the weakfish Cynoscion regalis [2].
  • Clinostating effects on Apogee wheat resistance to wheat streak mosaic virus [3].
  • In the retrospective study on hand, we report on results of 30 female patients with hypertrichosis in the facial area treated with the long pulse alexandrite laser at 20 msec (Cynosure PhotoGenica LPIR/Apogee; 755 nm; 20 msec; up to 30 J/cm2; 10 or 12.5 mm beam diameter) over an 18 month treatment period [4].

High impact information on 4-(1-hydroxypropylidene)-3,5-dioxo-cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid

  • We used natural geochemical signatures in otoliths (ear bones) to determine natal sources in weakfish (Cynoscion regalis), an estuarine-spawning marine fish, in eastern North America. Spawning site fidelity ranged from 60 to 81%, comparable to estimates of natal homing in birds and anadromous fishes [5].
  • Similarly, Drosophila ribosomal DNA sequences were identified in P. regalis samples that had been associated with Drosophila cultures [6].
  • Plants treated with BX-112 had reduced levels of GA1 and GA8 and accumulated GA53, GA44, GA19, and GA20 [7].
  • Sequence and methylation of 5.8S rRNA in fern, Osmunda regalis [8].
  • Other representatives of the ancestral cis-arranged introns are identified in the fern Osmunda regalis, the horsetail Equisetum telmateia, and the hornwort Anthoceros crispulus [9].

Biological context of 4-(1-hydroxypropylidene)-3,5-dioxo-cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid


Anatomical context of 4-(1-hydroxypropylidene)-3,5-dioxo-cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid

  • The influence of temperature, size and season on the sounds produced by the sonic muscles of the weakfish Cynoscion regalis are categorized and used to formulate a hypothesis about the mechanism of sound generation by the sonic muscle and swimbladder [14].
  • Dynamic ultrasound examination of various tendons was performed using real-time equipment, the Apogee 800 ATL, with an 11 MHz linear array transducer [15].
  • High phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity was found in Trimorphodon biscutatus lambda venom, and moderate levels were detected in Boiga dendrophila and D. p. regalis venoms as well as B. dendrophila and H. n. nasicus salivas [16].
  • METHODS: Color duplex ultrasound (Apogée Cx200, sectorial probe 7.5 MHz) was used to obtain the anatomical pattern of the VA and flow velocity waveforms of the brachial artery in 77 non-selected VA (47 Ciminio-Brescia fistulae and 30 PTFE grafts) [17].

Associations of 4-(1-hydroxypropylidene)-3,5-dioxo-cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid with other chemical compounds

  • In south-central Saskatchewan, Canada, in 1986, 1987 and 1989, the aerobic bacterial flora was evaluated from 75 unhatched raptor eggs of three species: 42 of the Swainson's hawk (Buteo Swainsoni), 21 of the ferruginous hawk (Buteo regalis), and 12 of the great horned owl (Bubo virginianus) [18].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of 4-(1-hydroxypropylidene)-3,5-dioxo-cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid

  • Southern blot hybridization, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, and DNA sequencing showed that samples of P. regalis associated with a P strain of D. melanogaster carried P element sequences [6].
  • Only in one species, Osmunda regalis, was the effect no different from that in the control groups [19].
  • Ultrasound examination was performed using an ATL Apogee 800 and linear array 11 MHz transducer [20].
  • The Apogee and Perigee vaginal vault and prolapse repair systems are innovative and minimally invasive procedures that may prove to be effective in controlling the levator defect and reconstructing the vagina in patients undergoing supra-levator pelvic exenteration [1].


  1. Vaginal reconstruction following supra-levator total pelvic exenteration. Rettenmaier, M.A., Goldstein, B.H., Micha, J.P., Brown, J.V. Gynecol. Oncol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  2. Effects of exogenous testosterone on sonic muscle mass in the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis. Connaughton, M.A., Taylor, M.H. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  3. Clinostating effects on Apogee wheat resistance to wheat streak mosaic virus. Mishchenko, L.T., Filenko, O.M., Ostapchenko, L.I., Mishchenko, I.A., Yanishevska, G.S., Boyko, A.L. Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Temporary hair loss using the long-pulsed alexandrite laser at 20 milliseconds. Raulin, C., Greve, B. European journal of dermatology : EJD. (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. Natal homing in a marine fish metapopulation. Thorrold, S.R., Latkoczy, C., Swart, P.K., Jones, C.M. Science (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. Possible horizontal transfer of Drosophila genes by the mite Proctolaelaps regalis. Houck, M.A., Clark, J.B., Peterson, K.R., Kidwell, M.G. Science (1991) [Pubmed]
  7. Gibberellin A1 is required for stem elongation in spinach. Zeevaart, J.A., Gage, D.A., Talon, M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. Sequence and methylation of 5.8S rRNA in fern, Osmunda regalis. Melekhovets, Y.F., Troitsky, A.V. Nucleic Acids Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
  9. Trans-splicing group II introns in plant mitochondria: the complete set of cis-arranged homologs in ferns, fern allies, and a hornwort. Malek, O., Knoop, V. RNA (1998) [Pubmed]
  10. Microgravity effects on leaf morphology, cell structure, carbon metabolism and mRNA expression of dwarf wheat. Stutte, G.W., Monje, O., Hatfield, R.D., Paul, A.L., Ferl, R.J., Simone, C.G. Planta (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. Audition in sciaenid fishes with different swim bladder-inner ear configurations. Ramcharitar, J.U., Higgs, D.M., Popper, A.N. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. A model wheat cultivar for transformation to improve resistance to Fusarium Head Blight. Mackintosh, C.A., Garvin, D.F., Radmer, L.E., Heinen, S.J., Muehlbauer, G.J. Plant Cell Rep. (2006) [Pubmed]
  13. Mutagens in a river heavily polluted with paper recycling wastes: results of field and laboratory mutagen assays. Klekowski, E., Levin, D.E. Environmental mutagenesis. (1979) [Pubmed]
  14. Weakfish sonic muscle: influence of size, temperature and season. Connaughton, M.A., Fine, M.L., Taylor, M.H. J. Exp. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. Identification and prevalence of rheumatoid nodules in the finger tendons using high frequency ultrasonography. Kotob, H., Kamel, M. J. Rheumatol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  16. Characterization of venom (Duvernoy's secretion) from twelve species of colubrid snakes and partial sequence of four venom proteins. Hill, R.E., Mackessy, S.P. Toxicon (2000) [Pubmed]
  17. Is there a place for duplex screening of brachial artery in haemodialysis patients with vascular access? Depairon, M., Ferrier, C.P., Tutta, P., Descombes, E., van Melle, G., Wauters, J.P. VASA (2001) [Pubmed]
  18. Aerobic bacterial flora of addled raptor eggs in Saskatchewan. Houston, C.S., Saunders, J.R., Crawford, R.D. J. Wildl. Dis. (1997) [Pubmed]
  19. Fern spore extracts can damage DNA. Simán, S.E., Povey, A.C., Ward, T.H., Margison, G.P., Sheffield, E. Br. J. Cancer (2000) [Pubmed]
  20. High frequency ultrasonographic findings in plantar fasciitis and assessment of local steroid injection. Kamel, M., Kotob, H. J. Rheumatol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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