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Gene Review

nub  -  nubbin

Drosophila melanogaster

Synonyms: CG15488, CG15489, CG34395, CG6246, Dmel\CG34395, ...
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Disease relevance of nub


High impact information on nub


Biological context of nub

  • Together, these results suggest that previously characterized members of the embryonic regulatory hierarchy specify the patterns of the POU domain gene expression, which, in turn, function during neurogenesis and perhaps in earlier stages [7].
  • These POU domain genes, pdm-1 and pdm-2, are expressed at high levels during early embryogenesis and at lower levels throughout the rest of development [7].
  • The Drosophila POU domain transcriptional regulator, Drifter, is expressed in all cells within the wing pouch expressing a vgQ-lacZ transgene and is also excluded from the DV boundary [8].
  • Both the breathless gene, encoding a Drosophila fibroblast growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase homologue, and the POU-domain transcription factor gene, drifter, are expressed in all tracheal cells and are essential for directed cell migrations [9].
  • Cell lineage experiments in a nub mutant background show that clones respect neither the anterior-posterior nor the dorsal-ventral boundary but that the selector genes have been correctly expressed since early larval development [10].

Anatomical context of nub

  • Pdm and Castor specify late-born motor neuron identity in the NB7-1 lineage [11].
  • Function of the Drosophila POU domain transcription factor drifter as an upstream regulator of breathless receptor tyrosine kinase expression in developing trachea [9].
  • Ectopic expression of pdm-1 at the cellular blastoderm stage leads to disruptions in pair rule gene expression and in anterior segmentation [12].
  • The Drosophila drifter (dfr) gene, previously referred to as Cf1a, encodes a POU-domain DNA-binding protein implicated as a neuron-specific regulator in the developing central nervous system (CNS) [13].
  • Our study indicates that dpp is not the signal that dictates central pdm-1 repression across germ layers and suggests that in the same midgut region, different signalling pathways result in the differential activation or repression of potential transcription factors [14].

Associations of nub with chemical compounds


Physical interactions of nub


Other interactions of nub

  • We have characterized two Drosophila POU genes designated dPOU-19 and dPOU-28 [17].
  • By Northern analysis, all three of the genes are expressed in early embryos; the pdm-1 and Cf1a genes are also expressed at lower levels throughout development [18].
  • Specification of wing fate has been visualized by expression of the POU-homeodomain protein Nubbin in the presumptive wing territory and by repression of the homeodomain protein Homothorax [19].
  • Restricted patterning of vestigial expression in Drosophila wing imaginal discs requires synergistic activation by both Mad and the drifter POU domain transcription factor [8].
  • In spiders (terrestrial chelicerates), pdm/nubbin and apterous are expressed in successive segmental primordia that give rise to book lungs, lateral tubular tracheae, and spinnerets, novel structures that are used by spiders to breathe on land and to spin their webs [20].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of nub


  1. Luman, a new member of the CREB/ATF family, binds to herpes simplex virus VP16-associated host cellular factor. Lu, R., Yang, P., O'Hare, P., Misra, V. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. From lineage to wiring specificity. POU domain transcription factors control precise connections of Drosophila olfactory projection neurons. Komiyama, T., Johnson, W.A., Luo, L., Jefferis, G.S. Cell (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Evolutionary origin of insect wings from ancestral gills. Averof, M., Cohen, S.M. Nature (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. I-POU: a POU-domain protein that inhibits neuron-specific gene activation. Treacy, M.N., He, X., Rosenfeld, M.G. Nature (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. Binding of a Drosophila POU-domain protein to a sequence element regulating gene expression in specific dopaminergic neurons. Johnson, W.A., Hirsh, J. Nature (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. Caenorhabditis elegans has scores of homoeobox-containing genes. Bürglin, T.R., Finney, M., Coulson, A., Ruvkun, G. Nature (1989) [Pubmed]
  7. Characterization of two Drosophila POU domain genes, related to oct-1 and oct-2, and the regulation of their expression patterns. Lloyd, A., Sakonju, S. Mech. Dev. (1991) [Pubmed]
  8. Restricted patterning of vestigial expression in Drosophila wing imaginal discs requires synergistic activation by both Mad and the drifter POU domain transcription factor. Certel, K., Hudson, A., Carroll, S.B., Johnson, W.A. Development (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Function of the Drosophila POU domain transcription factor drifter as an upstream regulator of breathless receptor tyrosine kinase expression in developing trachea. Anderson, M.G., Certel, S.J., Certel, K., Lee, T., Montell, D.J., Johnson, W.A. Development (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. Proximo-distal specification in the wing disc of Drosophila by the nubbin gene. Cifuentes, F.J., García-Bellido, A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
  11. Pdm and Castor specify late-born motor neuron identity in the NB7-1 lineage. Grosskortenhaus, R., Robinson, K.J., Doe, C.Q. Genes Dev. (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. Regulation of expression domains and effects of ectopic expression reveal gap gene-like properties of the linked pdm genes of Drosophila. Cockerill, K.A., Billin, A.N., Poole, S.J. Mech. Dev. (1993) [Pubmed]
  13. drifter, a Drosophila POU-domain transcription factor, is required for correct differentiation and migration of tracheal cells and midline glia. Anderson, M.G., Perkins, G.L., Chittick, P., Shrigley, R.J., Johnson, W.A. Genes Dev. (1995) [Pubmed]
  14. Regional repression of a Drosophila POU box gene in the endoderm involves inductive interactions between germ layers. Affolter, M., Walldorf, U., Kloter, U., Schier, A.F., Gehring, W.J. Development (1993) [Pubmed]
  15. Functional interactions between Drosophila bHLH/PAS, Sox, and POU transcription factors regulate CNS midline expression of the slit gene. Ma, Y., Certel, K., Gao, Y., Niemitz, E., Mosher, J., Mukherjee, A., Mutsuddi, M., Huseinovic, N., Crews, S.T., Johnson, W.A., Nambu, J.R. J. Neurosci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  16. A POU homeo domain protein related to dPOU-19/pdm-1 binds to the regulatory DNA necessary for vital expression of the Drosophila choline acetyltransferase gene. Kitamoto, T., Salvaterra, P.M. J. Neurosci. (1995) [Pubmed]
  17. Two closely linked Drosophila POU domain genes are expressed in neuroblasts and sensory elements. Dick, T., Yang, X.H., Yeo, S.L., Chia, W. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1991) [Pubmed]
  18. Isolation of a family of Drosophila POU domain genes expressed in early development. Billin, A.N., Cockerill, K.A., Poole, S.J. Mech. Dev. (1991) [Pubmed]
  19. Repression of Teashirt marks the initiation of wing development. Wu, J., Cohen, S.M. Development (2002) [Pubmed]
  20. Diverse adaptations of an ancestral gill: a common evolutionary origin for wings, breathing organs, and spinnerets. Damen, W.G., Saridaki, T., Averof, M. Curr. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  21. Molecular cloning of a POU domain-containing factor involved in the regulation of the Bombyx sericin-1 gene. Fukuta, M., Matsuno, K., Hui, C.C., Nagata, T., Takiya, S., Xu, P.X., Ueno, K., Suzuki, Y. J. Biol. Chem. (1993) [Pubmed]
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