The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)



Gene Review

SHMT2  -  serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2...

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: GLYA, Glycine hydroxymethyltransferase, HEL-S-51e, SHMT, Serine hydroxymethyltransferase, mitochondrial, ...
Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of SHMT2

  • SHMT tetramers have surface charge distributions which suggest distinctions in folate binding between eukaryotic and E. coli enzymes [1].

High impact information on SHMT2

  • ALYASKLS-NH2, an inhibitor derived from an Arf, was fully depeptidized: p-[(2-methyl-1-imidazol-1-yl)butyl]phenyl-acetyl was used to represent the GLYA tetrapeptide, whereas SKLS was replaced with a chiral tyrosinol scaffold [2].
  • Mitochondrial SHMT mRNA levels in MCF-7 cells did not vary during the cell cycle and were not affected by the absence of glycine, serine, folate, thymidylate, or purines from the media [3].
  • Crystal structures of the human and rabbit cytosolic serine hydroxymethyltransferases (SHMT) confirmed their close similarity in tertiary and dimeric subunit structure to each other and to aspartate aminotransferase, the archetypal alpha-class pyridoxal 5'-phosphate enzyme [1].
  • The results show that the apparent Km of SHMT and the concentrations of serine and glycine are significantly higher only in the medial temporal lobe areas of schizophrenics when compared to controls [4].
  • Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) catalyses the reversible conversion of serine and tetrahydrofolate to glycine and methylene-tetrahydrofolate [5].

Biological context of SHMT2

  • The result was consistent with a balanced polymorphism at or near the GLYA locus on chromosome 4 that influences the sensitivity of plasma lipid levels to dietary fluctuations in fat intake [6].
  • We have identified a single gene encoding SHMT in the genome of Trichomonas vaginalis, an amitochondriate, deep-branching unicellular protist [7].
  • All examined SHMT contain an 8-amino-acid conserved sequence, VTTTTHKT, containing the active-site lysyl residue (Lys 251 in TvSHMT) that forms an internal aldimine with PLP [7].

Anatomical context of SHMT2

  • The two L. major SHMT genes were cloned in frame with the green fluorescent protein and the resulting fusion proteins showed differential localization: the short form (SHMT-S) was found in the cytosol while the long one (SHMT-L) was found in an organelle that has hallmarks of the parasite mitochondrion [5].

Associations of SHMT2 with chemical compounds

  • These findings suggest that folate metabolism is compartmentalised in Leishmania and that SHMT RNA levels are responsive to environmental conditions [5].
  • Most of the identified proteins belong to four different classes: metabolic enzymes such as ATP sulphurylase, glycine hydroxymethyltransferase, and trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase; glutathione S-transferases; latex allergen-like proteins; and unknown proteins [8].
  • Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) catalyzes the inter conversion of serine and tetrahydrofolate (H(4)-folate) to form glycine and 5,10-methylene H(4)-folate and generates one-carbon fragments for the synthesis of nucleotides, methionine, thymidylate, choline, etc [9].


  1. Crystal structure at 2.4 A resolution of E. coli serine hydroxymethyltransferase in complex with glycine substrate and 5-formyl tetrahydrofolate. Scarsdale, J.N., Radaev, S., Kazanina, G., Schirch, V., Wright, H.T. J. Mol. Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  2. Genetic and biochemical studies establish that the fungicidal effect of a fully depeptidized inhibitor of Cryptococcus neoformans myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase (Nmt) is Nmt-dependent. Lodge, J.K., Jackson-Machelski, E., Higgins, M., McWherter, C.A., Sikorski, J.A., Devadas, B., Gordon, J.I. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
  3. Molecular cloning, characterization, and regulation of the human mitochondrial serine hydroxymethyltransferase gene. Stover, P.J., Chen, L.H., Suh, J.R., Stover, D.M., Keyomarsi, K., Shane, B. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. Abnormal serine-glycine metabolism in the brains of schizophrenics. Waziri, R., Baruah, S., Sherman, A.D. Schizophr. Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. Stage specific gene expression and cellular localization of two isoforms of the serine hydroxymethyltransferase in the protozoan parasite Leishmania. Gagnon, D., Foucher, A., Girard, I., Ouellette, M. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. MN blood group affects response of serum LDL cholesterol level to a low fat diet. Birley, A.J., MacLennan, R., Wahlqvist, M., Gerns, L., Pangan, T., Martin, N.G. Clin. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. Identification and Biochemical Characterization of Serine Hydroxymethyl Transferase in the Hydrogenosome of Trichomonas vaginalis. Mukherjee, M., Sievers, S.A., Brown, M.T., Johnson, P.J. Eukaryotic Cell (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Proteome changes in Arabidopsis thaliana roots upon exposure to Cd2+. Roth, U., von Roepenack-Lahaye, E., Clemens, S. J. Exp. Bot. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Molecular cloning and biochemical characterization of Leishmania donovani serine hydroxymethyltransferase. Vatsyayan, R., Roy, U. Protein Expr. Purif. (2007) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities