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MeSH Review

Relapsing Fever

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Disease relevance of Relapsing Fever


High impact information on Relapsing Fever


Chemical compound and disease context of Relapsing Fever


Biological context of Relapsing Fever


Gene context of Relapsing Fever

  • The effect of antibody against TNF alpha on cytokine response in Jarisch-Herxheimer reactions of louse-borne relapsing fever [18].
  • Killed in action: microbiologists and clinicians as victims of their occupation. Part 4: Tick-borne Relapsing Fever, Malta Fever, Glanders, SARS [19].
  • These sera, however, failed to recognize P66 of B. afzelii and B. garinii, as well as an analog of P66 in the relapsing fever agent, B. hermsii [20].
  • During the 1973 summer season, 27 employees and 35 overnight guests at the North Rim, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, acquired febrile illnesses compatibel with relapsing fever [21].
  • Relapsing fever in Cape Town. A case report [22].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Relapsing Fever


  1. Horizontally acquired genes for purine salvage in Borrelia spp. causing relapsing fever. Barbour, A.G., Putteet-Driver, A.D., Bunikis, J. Infect. Immun. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Cross-reactivity in serological tests for Lyme disease and other spirochetal infections. Magnarelli, L.A., Anderson, J.F., Johnson, R.C. J. Infect. Dis. (1987) [Pubmed]
  3. Molecular analyses of the interaction of Borrelia hermsii FhbA with the complement regulatory proteins factor H and factor H-like protein 1. Hovis, K.M., Jones, J.P., Sadlon, T., Raval, G., Gordon, D.L., Marconi, R.T. Infect. Immun. (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. Isogenic serotypes of Borrelia turicatae show different localization in the brain and skin of mice. Cadavid, D., Pachner, A.R., Estanislao, L., Patalapati, R., Barbour, A.G. Infect. Immun. (2001) [Pubmed]
  5. Reactivity of human Lyme borreliosis sera with a 39-kilodalton antigen specific to Borrelia burgdorferi. Simpson, W.J., Schrumpf, M.E., Schwan, T.G. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. Variable major lipoprotein is a principal TNF-inducing factor of louse-borne relapsing fever. Vidal, V., Scragg, I.G., Cutler, S.J., Rockett, K.A., Fekade, D., Warrell, D.A., Wright, D.J., Kwiatkowski, D. Nat. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. The plasminogen activation system enhances brain and heart invasion in murine relapsing fever borreliosis. Gebbia, J.A., Monco, J.C., Degen, J.L., Bugge, T.H., Benach, J.L. J. Clin. Invest. (1999) [Pubmed]
  8. Ceftriaxone in relapsing fever. Nassif, X., Dupont, B., Fleury, J., Lapresle, C. Lancet (1988) [Pubmed]
  9. Meptazinol diminishes the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction of relapsing fever. Teklu, B., Habte-Michael, A., Warrell, D.A., White, N.J., Wright, D.J. Lancet (1983) [Pubmed]
  10. Generation of a complement-independent bactericidal IgM against a relapsing fever Borrelia. Connolly, S.E., Thanassi, D.G., Benach, J.L. J. Immunol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Relapsing fever spirochaetes produce a serine protease that provides resistance to oxidative stress and killing by neutrophils. Guyard, C., Battisti, J.M., Raffel, S.J., Schrumpf, M.E., Whitney, A.R., Krum, J.G., Porcella, S.F., Rosa, P.A., DeLeo, F.R., Schwan, T.G. Mol. Microbiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. Platelet activation by a relapsing fever spirochaete results in enhanced bacterium-platelet interaction via integrin alphaIIbbeta3 activation. Alugupalli, K.R., Michelson, A.D., Barnard, M.R., Robbins, D., Coburn, J., Baker, E.K., Ginsberg, M.H., Schwan, T.G., Leong, J.M. Mol. Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  13. Pathophysiology and immunology of the Jarisch-Herxheimer-like reaction in louse-borne relapsing fever: comparison of tetracycline and slow-release penicillin. Warrell, D.A., Perine, P.L., Krause, D.W., Bing, D.H., MacDougal, S.J. J. Infect. Dis. (1983) [Pubmed]
  14. Pentoxifylline fails to prevent the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction or associated cytokine release. Remick, D.G., Negussie, Y., Fekade, D., Griffin, G. J. Infect. Dis. (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. Relapsing illness due to Rochalimaea henselae in immunocompetent hosts: implication for therapy and new epidemiological associations. Lucey, D., Dolan, M.J., Moss, C.W., Garcia, M., Hollis, D.G., Wegner, S., Morgan, G., Almeida, R., Leong, D., Greisen, K.S. Clin. Infect. Dis. (1992) [Pubmed]
  16. Methylated DNA in Borrelia species. Hughes, C.A., Johnson, R.C. J. Bacteriol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  17. Plasmid location of Borrelia purine biosynthesis gene homologs. Margolis, N., Hogan, D., Tilly, K., Rosa, P.A. J. Bacteriol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  18. The effect of antibody against TNF alpha on cytokine response in Jarisch-Herxheimer reactions of louse-borne relapsing fever. Coxon, R.E., Fekade, D., Knox, K., Hussein, K., Melka, A., Daniel, A., Griffin, G.G., Warrell, D.A. QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians. (1997) [Pubmed]
  19. Killed in action: microbiologists and clinicians as victims of their occupation. Part 4: Tick-borne Relapsing Fever, Malta Fever, Glanders, SARS. Köhler, W. Int. J. Med. Microbiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  20. Surface exposure and species specificity of an immunoreactive domain of a 66-kilodalton outer membrane protein (P66) of the Borrelia spp. that cause Lyme disease. Bunikis, J., Noppa, L., Ostberg, Y., Barbour, A.G., Bergström, S. Infect. Immun. (1996) [Pubmed]
  21. Tick-borne relapsing fever: an interstate outbreak originating at Grand Canyon National Park. Boyer, K.M., Munford, R.S., Maupin, G.O., Pattison, C.P., Fox, M.D., Barnes, A.M., Jones, W.L., Maynard, J.E. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  22. Relapsing fever in Cape Town. A case report. Rosenthal, E. S. Afr. Med. J. (1982) [Pubmed]
  23. Detection of Borrelia duttonii, a tick-borne relapsing fever agent in central Tanzania, within ticks by flagellin gene-based nested polymerase chain reaction. Fukunaga, M., Ushijima, Y., Aoki, L.Y., Talbert, A. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. (2001) [Pubmed]
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