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MeSH Review

Sphenoid Sinus

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Disease relevance of Sphenoid Sinus


High impact information on Sphenoid Sinus

  • Fractures of the planum sphenoidale, the floor of the sphenoid sinus, and bilateral fractures of the lesser wings are also shown [6].
  • FluoroNav provided accurate, continuous information regarding the anatomic midline trajectory to the sella turcica as well as anatomic structures (e.g., sella, sphenoid sinus) in the lateral view [7].
  • We evaluated each of the 11 patients for the exact site of CSF leak in the sphenoid sinus [2].
  • METHODS: Coronal CT was performed in seven patients with expansile or erosive benign lesions of the sphenoid sinus, and results were compared to a control population of 72 subjects with unopacified sphenoid sinuses [8].
  • RESULTS: Of 219 women, 92% with preoperative prolactin (PRL) values of < or = 100 ng/ml and 91% with intrasellar microadenomas experienced initial remission; 80 to 88% of patients with intrasellar macroadenomas or macroadenomas showing moderate suprasellar extension or focal sphenoid sinus invasion experienced remission [9].

Chemical compound and disease context of Sphenoid Sinus


Biological context of Sphenoid Sinus


Anatomical context of Sphenoid Sinus

  • We measured the distances and angles for identifying the natural ostium of the sphenoid sinus using several reference points such as the limen nasi, the sill, and the posteroinferior end of the superior turbinate [12].
  • MRC showed CSF leakage in 14 patients with rhinorrhoea at the time of the examination, into the ethmoid air cells in nine, the sphenoid sinus in three and the frontal sinus in two cases [13].
  • OBJECTIVE: Delineate the relationships among the optic nerve (CN II), the sphenoid sinus, and the sphenoethmoid cell [14].
  • The morphological changes, proliferation, and differentiation of sphenoid sinus mucosa were examined after incubation with different LPS or LTA concentrations [15].
  • Heavily T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (MR cisternography) in the coronal plane clearly delineated a fistulous tract through the sphenoid bone into the sphenoid sinus [16].

Associations of Sphenoid Sinus with chemical compounds

  • A regimen of stress doses of hydrocortisone and antibiotics was prescribed, and the patient underwent transsphenoidal drainage of the sphenoid sinus [17].
  • The prevalence of types 0 to 4 CN II position relative to the sphenoid sinus was 4.7%, 25.8%, 39.8%, 14.1%, and 15.6%, respectively [14].

Gene context of Sphenoid Sinus

  • Sphenoid sinus brown tumor of secondary hyperparathyroidism: case report [18].
  • A case of an ectopic prolactin-producing tumor located within the sphenoid sinus is reported [19].
  • RESULTS: The natural ostium of the sphenoid sinus was located at an angle of 35.9 degrees with a distance of 56.5 mm from limen nasi and at an angle of 34.3 degrees with a distance of 62.7 mm from nasal sill [12].
  • MRI evaluation indicates that a majority of patients have both acute and chronic sphenoid sinus abnormalities after TSA [20].
  • There was not a statistically significant relationship between the pneumatization of the PR and ICA protrusion into the sphenoid sinus (chi2 = 0.258, p = 0.168) [21].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Sphenoid Sinus


  1. Pathophysiology of acromegaly. Melmed, S., Braunstein, G.D., Horvath, E., Ezrin, C., Kovacs, K. Endocr. Rev. (1983) [Pubmed]
  2. A retrospective analysis of spontaneous sphenoid sinus fistula: MR and CT findings. Shetty, P.G., Shroff, M.M., Fatterpekar, G.M., Sahani, D.V., Kirtane, M.V. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. (2000) [Pubmed]
  3. Traumatic chiasmal syndrome associated with midline basilar skull fractures. Heinz, G.W., Nunery, W.R., Grossman, C.B. Am. J. Ophthalmol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Aspergillosis of the sphenoid sinus: presentation as a pituitary mass and postoperative gallium-67 imaging. Parker, K.M., Nicholson, J.K., Cezayirli, R.C., Biggs, P.J. Surgical neurology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Hepatocellular carcinoma presenting as sphenoid sinus metastasis. Waxman, J.S., Seife, B., Waxman, M. Mt. Sinai J. Med. (1985) [Pubmed]
  6. Uncommon sphenoidal fractures and their sequelae. Archer, C.R., Sundaram, M. Radiology. (1977) [Pubmed]
  7. Fluoroscopic frameless stereotaxy for transsphenoidal surgery. Jane, J.A., Thapar, K., Alden, T.D., Laws, E.R. Neurosurgery (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Benign expansile lesions of the sphenoid sinus: differentiation from normal asymmetry of the lateral recesses. Lewin, J.S., Curtin, H.D., Eelkema, E., Obuchowski, N. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. Transsphenoidal microsurgical therapy of prolactinomas: initial outcomes and long-term results. Tyrrell, J.B., Lamborn, K.R., Hannegan, L.T., Applebury, C.B., Wilson, C.B. Neurosurgery (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Intracranial invasive aspergillosis originating in the sphenoid sinus: a successful treatment with high-dose itraconazole in three cases. Yamanoi, T., Shibano, K., Soeda, T., Hoshi, A., Matsuura, Y., Sugiura, Y., Endo, K., Yamamoto, T. Tohoku J. Exp. Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Bone density measurements of the paranasal sinuses on plastinated whole-organ sections: anatomic data to prevent complications in endoscopic sinus surgery. Sprinzl, G.M., Menzler, A., Eckel, H.E., Sittel, C., Koebke, J., Thumfart, W.F. Laryngoscope (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Surgical anatomy of the natural ostium of the sphenoid sinus. Kim, H.U., Kim, S.S., Kang, S.S., Chung, I.H., Lee, J.G., Yoon, J.H. Laryngoscope (2001) [Pubmed]
  13. MRI cisternography with gadolinium-containing contrast medium: its role, advantages and limitations in the investigation of rhinorrhoea. Aydin, K., Guven, K., Sencer, S., Jinkins, J.R., Minareci, O. Neuroradiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  14. Software-enabled CT analysis of optic nerve position and paranasal sinus pneumatization patterns. Batra, P.S., Citardi, M.J., Gallivan, R.P., Roh, H.J., Lanza, D.C. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. (2004) [Pubmed]
  15. Effects of bacterial toxins on air-exposed cultured human respiratory sinus epithelium. Nell, M.J., Grote, J.J. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology. (2003) [Pubmed]
  16. Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leakage detected by magnetic resonance cisternography--case report. Nakayama, Y., Tanaka, A., Ueno, Y., Yoshinaga, S. Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo) (1999) [Pubmed]
  17. Abscess of the sphenoid sinus after transsphenoidal surgery. Nelson, P.B., Hirsch, B.E., De Vries, E.J. Neurosurgery (1991) [Pubmed]
  18. Sphenoid sinus brown tumor of secondary hyperparathyroidism: case report. Kanaan, I., Ahmed, M., Rifai, A., Alwatban, J. Neurosurgery (1998) [Pubmed]
  19. Ectopic prolactinoma within the sphenoid sinus. Heitzmann, A., Jan, M., Lecomte, P., Ruchoux, M.M., Lhuintre, Y., Tillet, Y. Neurosurgery (1989) [Pubmed]
  20. MRI evaluation of the sphenoid sinus after transsphenoidal approach to the pituitary. Stickney, K.O., Weymuller, E.A., Mayberg, M. Laryngoscope (1994) [Pubmed]
  21. Variations of sphenoid and related structures. Sirikci, A., Bayazit, Y.A., Bayram, M., Mumbuç, S., Güngör, K., Kanlikama, M. European radiology. (2000) [Pubmed]
  22. Transnasal endoscopic approach to the sella turcica. Aust, M.R., McCaffrey, T.V., Atkinson, J. American journal of rhinology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. Simple management of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea after pituitary surgery. Fujii, T., Misumi, S., Onoda, K., Takeda, F. Surgical neurology. (1986) [Pubmed]
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