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MeSH Review

Pest Control

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Disease relevance of Pest Control

  • AaIT, an insect-selective neurotoxic polypeptide derived from scorpion venom, has recently been used to engineer recombinant baculoviruses for insect pest control [1].
  • The pyrethroid class of insecticides, including deltamethrin, are being used as substitutes for organochlorines and organophosphates in pest-control programs because of their low environmental persistence and toxicity [2].

Psychiatry related information on Pest Control

  • The ETH signaling system in insects is a vital system that provides opportunities for the construction of models for the molecular basis of stereotypic animal behavior as well as a target for the design of more sophisticated insect-selective pest control strategies [3].

High impact information on Pest Control

  • Letter: Juvenile hormone and pest control [4].
  • Because of the importance of warfarin as an anticoagulant in prophylactic medicine and as a poison in rodent pest control, numerous attempts have been made to understand the molecular mechanism underlying warfarin-sensitive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reduction [5].
  • Cockroach allergen avoidance begins with effective pest control, followed by thorough and repeated cleaning; 1 to 2 months are required to eliminate roaches, and an additional 4 to 6 months are required to remove residual allergen [6].
  • The crystal structures of the ligand-binding domains (LBDs) of the EcR/USP heterodimer, complexed to the ecdysteroid ponasterone A (ponA) and to the lepidopteran specific bisacylhydrazine BYI06830 used in the agrochemical pest control, provide the first insight at atomic level for these important functional complexes [7].
  • Chlorpyrifos is an extensively used organophosphate insecticide with numerous agricultural crop and urban pest control uses [8].

Chemical compound and disease context of Pest Control


Biological context of Pest Control


Associations of Pest Control with chemical compounds

  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of professional pest control and home cleaning on cockroach infestation and allergen concentrations in settled dust samples from the kitchens, bedrooms, and television-living rooms of inner-city homes [12].
  • However, in extending usage to agricultural pest control, much more extensive investigations should be forthcoming from both chemical and biological aspects, since there is scant information on the fate of these pyrethroids in the environment [13].
  • Fipronil is the first phenylpyrazole insecticide introduced for pest control [14].
  • The source of cypermethrin and deltamethrin was probably almost entirely structural pest control by professional applicators [15].
  • Bifenthrin, cyfluthrin, and lambda-cyhalothrin may have originated either from professional structural pest control or from lawn and garden care by homeowners [15].

Gene context of Pest Control

  • In conclusion, the present investigation indicates that the two pest control agents buprofezin and Super Royal are relatively much safer compounds than the conventional organophosphorus insecticides [16].
  • Comparison of the sequence and biological activity of ITP-related proteins from other insects on Schistocerca hindgut will provide further understanding of ITP interaction with its receptor (ITPR) and may thus open new avenues of insect pest control if good ITPR antagonists can be developed [17].
  • The goal of this paper is to assess the relative impacts of pest-control methods in greenhouses, based on current LCA tools [18].
  • Three billion (3 x 10(9)) pounds of hexachlorocyclohexanes, polychlorobornanes, and chlorinated cyclodienes (such as lindane, toxaphene, and endosulfan, respectively) were used to control pest insects before their mode of action was established as blocking the GABA-gated chloride channel [19].
  • The total range of chlordane and its metabolites in the sera of workers was 9.84 +/- 4.47 ng/g. Serum levels of triglycerides (TG), creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities were also found to be higher in pest-control operators [20].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Pest Control


  1. Targeting of an expressed neurotoxin by its recombinant baculovirus. Elazar, M., Levi, R., Zlotkin, E. J. Exp. Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Oxidative stress biomarkers of exposure to deltamethrin in freshwater fish, Channa punctatus Bloch. Sayeed, I., Parvez, S., Pandey, S., Bin-Hafeez, B., Haque, R., Raisuddin, S. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Two subtypes of ecdysis-triggering hormone receptor in Drosophila melanogaster. Park, Y., Kim, Y.J., Dupriez, V., Adams, M.E. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Letter: Juvenile hormone and pest control. Staal, G.B., Nassar, S.G. Science (1976) [Pubmed]
  5. Assembly of the warfarin-sensitive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase enzyme complex in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Cain, D., Hutson, S.M., Wallin, R. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
  6. Improving indoor environments: reducing allergen exposures. Eggleston, P.A. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Ligand-binding pocket of the ecdysone receptor. Billas, I.M., Moras, D. Vitam. Horm. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Determination of the reference dose for chlorpyrifos: proceedings of an expert panel. Clegg, D.J., van Gemert, M. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part B, Critical reviews. (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. Biological monitoring of pyrethroid metabolites in urine of pest control operators. Leng, G., Kühn, K.H., Idel, H. Toxicol. Lett. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. Effectiveness of personal protective equipment: relevance of dermal and inhalation exposure to chlorpyrifos among pest control operators. van der Jagt, K., Tielemans, E., Links, I., Brouwer, D., van Hemmen, J. Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Pyrethroids used indoors--biological monitoring of exposure to pyrethroids following an indoor pest control operation. Leng, G., Ranft, U., Sugiri, D., Hadnagy, W., Berger-Preiss, E., Idel, H. International journal of hygiene and environmental health. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. Removal of cockroach allergen from inner-city homes. Eggleston, P.A., Wood, R.A., Rand, C., Nixon, W.J., Chen, P.H., Lukk, P. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. Degradation, metabolism and toxicity of synthetic pyrethroids. Miyamoto, J. Environ. Health Perspect. (1976) [Pubmed]
  14. Fipronil modulation of gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) receptors in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Ikeda, T., Zhao, X., Nagata, K., Kono, Y., Shono, T., Yeh, J.Z., Narahashi, T. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2001) [Pubmed]
  15. Pyrethroid insecticides and sediment toxicity in urban creeks from California and Tennessee. Amweg, E.L., Weston, D.P., You, J., Lydy, M.J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  16. Genotoxicity evaluation of buprofezin, petroleum oil and profenofos in somatic and germ cells of male mice. Fahmy, M.A., Abdalla, E.F. Journal of applied toxicology : JAT. (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. Occurrence of ion transport peptide (ITP) and ion transport-like peptide (ITP-L) in orthopteroids. Macins, A., Meredith, J., Zhao, Y., Brock, H.W., Phillips, J.E. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  18. Comparison of toxicological impacts of integrated and chemical pest management in Mediterranean greenhouses. Antón, A., Castells, F., Montero, J.I., Huijbregts, M. Chemosphere (2004) [Pubmed]
  19. Insecticide action at the GABA-gated chloride channel: recognition, progress, and prospects. Casida, J.E. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  20. Effects of chlordane on parameters of liver and muscle toxicity in man and experimental animals. Ogata, M., Izushi, F. Toxicol. Lett. (1991) [Pubmed]
  21. GABA receptor molecules of insects. Anthony, N.M., Harrison, J.B., Sattelle, D.B. EXS. (1993) [Pubmed]
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