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MeSH Review

Threshold Limit Values

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Disease relevance of Threshold Limit Values

  • The study also suggests that exposure to CS2 (concentration > 23.2 ppm, which was above the current TLV-TWA of 10 ppm) are significantly associated with increased risk and decreased protective effect for coronary heart disease [1].
  • Threshold limit values for heat stress and strain are based on an upper limit wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) for ordinary work clothes, with clothing adjustment factors (CAF) for other clothing ensembles [2].

High impact information on Threshold Limit Values


Biological context of Threshold Limit Values

  • Inhalation of acetic acid at the (NIOSH-recommended) short-term exposure limit of 15 ppm for 15 min produces differential nasal airflow obstruction among SAR versus NR subjects, with the former showing greater physiologic reactivity to this stimulus [8].

Anatomical context of Threshold Limit Values


Associations of Threshold Limit Values with chemical compounds


Gene context of Threshold Limit Values


  1. Elevated triglyceride and decreased high density lipoprotein level in carbon disulfide workers in Taiwan. Luo, J.C., Chang, H.Y., Chang, S.J., Chou, T.C., Chen, C.J., Shih, T.S., Huang, C.C. J. Occup. Environ. Med. (2003) [Pubmed]
  2. WBGT clothing adjustments for four clothing ensembles under three relative humidity levels. Bernard, T.E., Luecke, C.L., Schwartz, S.W., Kirkland, K.S., Ashley, C.D. Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. A cross-sectional study of pulmonary function in autobody repair workers. Parker, D.L., Waller, K., Himrich, B., Martinez, A., Martin, F. American journal of public health. (1991) [Pubmed]
  4. Human exposures to volatile halogenated organic chemicals in indoor and outdoor air. Andelman, J.B. Environ. Health Perspect. (1985) [Pubmed]
  5. I are we closer to developing threshold limit values for allergens in the workplace? Baur, X. Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  6. Selective vulnerability of dopaminergic systems to industrial chemicals: risk assessment of related neuroendocrine changes. Mutti, A., Smargiassi, A. Toxicology and industrial health. (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. Chromosomal analyses in vinyl chloride exposed workers. Results from analysis 18 and 42 months after an initial sampling. Anderson, D., Richardson, C.R., Weight, T.M., Purchase, I.F., Adams, W.G. Mutat. Res. (1980) [Pubmed]
  8. Seasonal allergic rhinitic and normal subjects respond differentially to nasal provocation with acetic acid vapor. Shusterman, D., Tarun, A., Murphy, M.A., Morris, J. Inhalation toxicology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Semen quality in workers producing reinforced plastic. Jelnes, J.E. Reprod. Toxicol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. Nerve function in workers with long term exposure to trichloroethene. Ruijten, M.W., Verberk, M.M., Sallé, H.J. British journal of industrial medicine. (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. Neurotoxic effects in mercury-exposed workers. Triebig, G., Schaller, K.H. Neurobehavioral toxicology and teratology. (1982) [Pubmed]
  12. Respiratory effects from work-related exposure to welding fumes in Hamadan, Iran. Jafari, A.J., Assari, M.J. Arch. Environ. Health (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Biological monitoring and standard setting in the USA: a critical appraisal. Rappaport, S.M. Toxicol. Lett. (1995) [Pubmed]
  14. Neurobehavioural effects on workers in a video tape manufacturing factory in Singapore. Chia, S.E., Ong, C.N., Phoon, W.H., Tan, K.T., Jeyaratnam, J. Neurotoxicology (1993) [Pubmed]
  15. The application of threshold limit values for carbon monoxide under conditions of continuous exposure. Davies, D.M. The Annals of occupational hygiene. (1975) [Pubmed]
  16. Environmental study of firefighters. Jankovic, J., Jones, W., Burkhart, J., Noonan, G. The Annals of occupational hygiene. (1991) [Pubmed]
  17. Reduced serum levels of ALT and GGT and high carbohydrate intake among workers exposed to toluene below the threshold limit values. Wang, D.H., Ishii, K., Seno, E., Yane, S., Horike, T., Yamamoto, H., Suganuma, N., Arimichi, M., Taketa, K. Industrial health. (1998) [Pubmed]
  18. Epidemiological study on the hepatotoxicity of occupational toluene exposure. Boewer, C., Enderlein, G., Wollgast, U., Nawka, S., Palowski, H., Bleiber, R. International archives of occupational and environmental health. (1988) [Pubmed]
  19. Exposure to cobalt in the welding process with stellite. Ferri, F., Candela, S., Bedogni, L., Piccinini, R., Sala, O. Sci. Total Environ. (1994) [Pubmed]
  20. A critical evaluation of the scientific basis of the MAK Commission's new general threshold limit values for dust. McLaughlin, J.K., Lipworth, L., Marano, D.E., Tarone, R. International archives of occupational and environmental health. (2001) [Pubmed]
  21. Rat T lymphocyte progenitors in bone marrow can be induced to express more Thy 1. Itoh, T., Kasahara, S. Thymus (1985) [Pubmed]
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