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Gene Review

Abcc6  -  ATP-binding cassette, sub-family C...

Mus musculus

Synonyms: ATP-binding cassette sub-family C member 6, Abcc1b, DCC, Dyscalc1, Mrp6, ...
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Disease relevance of Abcc6


High impact information on Abcc6

  • We conclude that the phenotype of the Abcc6-/- mouse shares calcification of elastic fibres with human PXE pathology, which makes this model a useful tool to further investigate the aetiology of PXE [1].
  • A total body computerized tomography scan of Abcc6(-/-) mice revealed mineralization in skin and subcutaneous tissue as well as in the kidneys [3].
  • Newly developed monoclonal antibodies against mouse Abcc6 localized the protein to the basolateral membranes of hepatocytes and the basal membrane in renal proximal tubules, but failed to show the protein at the pathogenic sites [1].
  • As shown by light and electron microscopy Abcc6-/- mice spontaneously developed calcification of elastic fibres in blood vessel walls and in Bruch's membrane in the eye [1].
  • Mineralization of vibrissae was noted as early as 5 weeks of age and was progressive with age in Abcc6(-/-) mice but was not observed in Abcc6(+/-) or Abcc6(+/+) mice up to 2 years of age [3].

Biological context of Abcc6


Anatomical context of Abcc6

  • The physiological function of ABCC6 and the rodent orthologs Abcc6 is unknown and their precise relationship to elastic fibers is only a matter of speculation [4].
  • Furthermore, we detected Abcc6 mRNA in arterial endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells of the aorta and myocardium, in circulating leukocytes, lymphocytes in the thymus and lymph nodes, and in neurons of the brain, spinal cord, and the specialized neurons of the retina [6].
  • However, the presence of Abcc6 in neurons and leukocytes, two cell populations not associated with connective tissue, also suggests a more complex multifunctional role for Abcc6 [6].
  • Our results demonstrating the presence of Abcc6 in epithelial and endothelial cells in a variety of tissues, including those tissues affected in PXE patients, suggest a possible role for Abcc6 in the normal assembly of extracellular matrix components [6].
  • Abcc6 null mice were negative for Mrp6 expression in the liver, and complete necropsies revealed profound mineralization of several tissues, including skin, arterial blood vessels, and retina, while heterozygous animals were indistinguishable from the wild-type mice [3].

Regulatory relationships of Abcc6

  • Thus, our data provide the first direct evidence that an epigenetic mechanism regulates the binding of transcription factor Sp1 to the proximal promoter and participates in the tissue-specific expression control of the mouse Abcc6 gene [4].

Other interactions of Abcc6

  • RNase protection assays revealed that although almost all tissues studied contained detectable levels of the mRNA encoding Abcc6, the highest levels of Abcc6 mRNA were found in the liver [6].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Abcc6

  • We generated Abcc6 deficient mice (Abcc6-/-) by conventional gene targeting [1].
  • Recently, a mouse model for PXE was created by targeted disruption of Abcc6 [Gorgels et al. (2005) 14:1763-1773; Klement et al. (2005) 25:8299-8310], which may be useful to elucidate the precise function of Abcc6 and to develop experimental therapies [7].


  1. Disruption of Abcc6 in the mouse: novel insight in the pathogenesis of pseudoxanthoma elasticum. Gorgels, T.G., Hu, X., Scheffer, G.L., van der Wal, A.C., Toonstra, J., de Jong, P.T., van Kuppevelt, T.H., Levelt, C.N., de Wolf, A., Loves, W.J., Scheper, R.J., Peek, R., Bergen, A.A. Hum. Mol. Genet. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. An alternative splice variant in Abcc6, the gene causing dystrophic calcification, leads to protein deficiency in C3H/He mice. Aherrahrou, Z., Doehring, L.C., Ehlers, E.M., Liptau, H., Depping, R., Linsel-Nitschke, P., Kaczmarek, P.M., Erdmann, J., Schunkert, H. J. Biol. Chem. (2008) [Pubmed]
  3. Targeted ablation of the abcc6 gene results in ectopic mineralization of connective tissues. Klement, J.F., Matsuzaki, Y., Jiang, Q.J., Terlizzi, J., Choi, H.Y., Fujimoto, N., Li, K., Pulkkinen, L., Birk, D.E., Sundberg, J.P., Uitto, J. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. DNA methylation and Sp1 binding determine the tissue-specific transcriptional activity of the mouse Abcc6 promoter. Douet, V., Heller, M.B., Le Saux, O. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2007) [Pubmed]
  5. The tissue distribution of murine Abcc6 (Mrp6) during embryogenesis indicates that the presence of Abcc6 in elastic tissues is not required for elastic fiber assembly. Beck, K., Dang, K., Boyd, C.D. J. Mol. Histol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. The distribution of Abcc6 in normal mouse tissues suggests multiple functions for this ABC transporter. Beck, K., Hayashi, K., Nishiguchi, B., Le Saux, O., Hayashi, M., Boyd, C.D. J. Histochem. Cytochem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. ABCC6 and pseudoxanthoma elasticum. Bergen, A.A., Plomp, A.S., Hu, X., de Jong, P.T., Gorgels, T.G. Pflugers Arch. (2007) [Pubmed]
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