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Gene Review

NOTCH1  -  notch 1

Gallus gallus

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Disease relevance of NOTCH1

  • Misexpression of Delta1 using a replication-competent retrovirus activates the Notch pathway [1].

High impact information on NOTCH1


Biological context of NOTCH1

  • Transient reporter assay with the human IgH gene intronic enhancer reveals that an active form of Notch1 inhibits the IgH enhancer activity in chicken B cells, suggesting that Notch-mediated signals suppress the IgH gene expression via influencing the IgH intronic enhancer [6].
  • Notch signaling suppresses IgH gene expression in chicken B cells: implication in spatially restricted expression of Serrate2/Notch1 in the bursa of Fabricius [6].
  • Furthermore, stable expression of a constitutively active form of chicken Notch1 or Notch2 in a B cell line results in a down-regulation of surface IgM expression, which is accompanied by the reduction of IgH gene transcripts [6].
  • We also found that signals that promote somitic myogenesis or forced MyoD expression induced expression of the Notch ligand, Serrate-2 [7].
  • 5. Strong actN1-IR continued in both a supporting cell lineage and in the greater epithelial ridge during the perinatal stage but ended by P7, suggesting that Notch1 activation may initially demarcate a prosensory region in the cochlear epithelium and then inhibit progenitor cells from becoming hair cells via classical "lateral inhibition."[8]

Anatomical context of NOTCH1

  • We infer that Notch signalling has at least two functions during inner ear development [5].
  • We found that Delta1-expressing cells, undifferentiated cells and Notch-activated cells colocalize within the endodermal epithelium during early gland formation [9].
  • These results suggest that Delta1-mediated Notch signaling among endodermal cells functions as a binary switch for determination of glandular and luminal fates, and regulates patterned differentiation of glands in the chicken proventriculus [9].
  • These findings raise the possibility that the local activation of Notch1 in a subset of B cells by Serrate2 expressed in BMAE may influence the cell fate decision that is involved in B cell differentiation and selection inside the bursa [6].
  • We report here that genes encoding the Notch family of transmembrane proteins, key regulators of cell fate determination in development, are differentially expressed in the bursa of Fabricius: Notch1 is expressed in medullary B cells located close to the basement membrane-associated epithelium (BMAE) [6].

Physical interactions of NOTCH1

  • Members of the Hairy/Enhancer of Split family of DNA binding transcriptional repressors can be effectors of Notch signaling and often act to maintain cell populations in an undifferentiated, proliferating state, properties predicted for the distal limb mesenchyme [10].

Regulatory relationships of NOTCH1

  • Our findings suggest that Notch signals are specifically repressed in the myotome and that asymmetric expression of Numb in dividing cells of the dorsomedial lip of the dermomyotome may modulate whether these cells continue to divide or differentiate into myotomal cells [7].

Other interactions of NOTCH1

  • Inhibition of Notch signaling using Numb or dominant-negative form of Su(H) resulted in a luminal differentiation, while forced activation of Notch signaling promoted the specification of immature glandular cells, but prevented the subsequent differentiation and the invagination of the glands [9].
  • We conclude that c-hairy1 regulates the size of the limb, suggesting a role for Notch signaling in the distal mesenchyme [10].
  • By contrast, and surprisingly, lateral presomitic cells that are deprived of their medial counterparts are not able to organise themselves into somites and lose the expression of genes known to be important for vertebrate segmentation, such as Delta-1, Notch-1, paraxis, hairy1, hairy2 and lunatic fringe [11].
  • This population of cells exhibits high affinity for fibronectin, possesses a high colony-forming efficiency and expresses the cell fate selector gene Notch 1 [12].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of NOTCH1

  • ActN1 was detected by immunohistochemistry using an antibody that specifically recognizes the processed form of the intracellular domain of Notch1 cleaved by presenilin/gamma-secretase activity [8].
  • We have used whole mount in-situ hybridization to document expression patterns of Notch1, Serrate1, Serrate2 and Delta1 within the mesenchyme of the developing chick limb up to stage 31 of development [13].
  • Micromanipulations revealed that Uncx4.1 expression in the presomitic mesoderm is independent of signals from the axial structures and presumably induced by the intrinsic Notch/Delta driven oscillator activity that determines craniocaudal somite polarity [14].


  1. Delta 1-activated notch inhibits muscle differentiation without affecting Myf5 and Pax3 expression in chick limb myogenesis. Delfini, M.C., Hirsinger, E., Pourquié, O., Duprez, D. Development (2000) [Pubmed]
  2. Periodic notch inhibition by lunatic fringe underlies the chick segmentation clock. Dale, J.K., Maroto, M., Dequeant, M.L., Malapert, P., McGrew, M., Pourquie, O. Nature (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. NUMB localizes in the basal cortex of mitotic avian neuroepithelial cells and modulates neuronal differentiation by binding to NOTCH-1. Wakamatsu, Y., Maynard, T.M., Jones, S.U., Weston, J.A. Neuron (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. p38 MAP kinase negatively regulates endothelial cell survival, proliferation, and differentiation in FGF-2-stimulated angiogenesis. Matsumoto, T., Turesson, I., Book, M., Gerwins, P., Claesson-Welsh, L. J. Cell Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. Two contrasting roles for Notch activity in chick inner ear development: specification of prosensory patches and lateral inhibition of hair-cell differentiation. Daudet, N., Lewis, J. Development (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Notch signaling suppresses IgH gene expression in chicken B cells: implication in spatially restricted expression of Serrate2/Notch1 in the bursa of Fabricius. Morimura, T., Miyatani, S., Kitamura, D., Goitsuka, R. J. Immunol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Asymmetric localization of numb in the chick somite and the influence of myogenic signals. Holowacz, T., Zeng, L., Lassar, A.B. Dev. Dyn. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Mapping of notch activation during cochlear development in mice: implications for determination of prosensory domain and cell fate diversification. Murata, J., Tokunaga, A., Okano, H., Kubo, T. J. Comp. Neurol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Notch signaling functions as a binary switch for the determination of glandular and luminal fates of endodermal epithelium during chicken stomach development. Matsuda, Y., Wakamatsu, Y., Kohyama, J., Okano, H., Fukuda, K., Yasugi, S. Development (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. A role for hairy1 in regulating chick limb bud growth. Vasiliauskas, D., Laufer, E., Stern, C.D. Dev. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. Evidence for medial/lateral specification and positional information within the presomitic mesoderm. Freitas, C., Rodrigues, S., Charrier, J.B., Teillet, M.A., Palmeirim, I. Development (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. The surface of articular cartilage contains a progenitor cell population. Dowthwaite, G.P., Bishop, J.C., Redman, S.N., Khan, I.M., Rooney, P., Evans, D.J., Haughton, L., Bayram, Z., Boyer, S., Thomson, B., Wolfe, M.S., Archer, C.W. J. Cell. Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Expression patterns of Notch1, Serrate1, Serrate2 and Delta1 in tissues of the developing chick limb. Vargesson, N., Patel, K., Lewis, J., Tickle, C. Mech. Dev. (1998) [Pubmed]
  14. Control of the temporal and spatial Uncx4.1 expression in the paraxial mesoderm of avian embryos. Schrägle, J., Huang, R., Christ, B., Pröls, F. Anat. Embryol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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