The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Proventriculus


Psychiatry related information on Proventriculus


High impact information on Proventriculus


Biological context of Proventriculus


Anatomical context of Proventriculus


Associations of Proventriculus with chemical compounds

  • The 5-HT fibers, located in the proventriculus and midgut, were visualized immunocytochemically by using a monoclonal antibody against 5-HT [14].
  • This effect is specific to 5-HT fibers, since glutamate-like and FMRFamide-like immunoreactive fibers of the proventriculus and midgut remain unaffected in the mutant [14].
  • When the probiotic strain was dosed by oral gavage together with S. enteritidis C-114 directly into the proventriculus in 1-day-old Leghorn chickens, the pathogen was completely removed from the birds after 21 days [15].
  • The ethanol was rapidly absorbed into blood and decreased responding within 15 min after intubation to the opening of the proventriculus [16].
  • These results indicate that NO synthase inhibition potentiates the contractile response of ch-MT, EFS and DMPP in the chicken proventriculus through reduction of endogenous NO-mediated presynaptic inhibition on neural ACh release [17].

Gene context of Proventriculus

  • To provide basic data to analyze function of FGFs in the developing gut, here we cloned Fgf7 and studied expression patterns of Fgf7, Fgf10 and Fgfr1-4 during the development of chicken stomach (glandular stomach; proventriculus and muscular stomach; gizzard) [18].
  • Embryonic chicken pepsinogen is an aspartyl proteinase that is specifically secreted during the embryonic period in the chicken proventriculus (glandular stomach) [19].
  • The result of in situ hybridization with the proventriculus (glandular stomach) of different developmental stages showed that GK-19 expression disappeared specifically in the glandular epithelium from day 6 to day 9 of incubation [20].
  • We demonstrate that the activation of the Notch receptor occurs in two rows of boundary cells in the proventriculus primordium [7].
  • Investigations on the interactions between LP and proteoglycans from skin and proventriculus demonstrate that LP can enhance the binding of proteoglycans from these tissues to HA [21].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Proventriculus


  1. Efficacy of hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate to reduce the individual and combined toxicity of aflatoxin and ochratoxin A. Huff, W.E., Kubena, L.F., Harvey, R.B., Phillips, T.D. Poult. Sci. (1992) [Pubmed]
  2. Cryptosporidium sp. infection in the proventriculus of an Australian diamond firetail finch (Staganoplura bella: Passeriformes, Estrildidae). Blagburn, B.L., Lindsay, D.S., Hoerr, F.J., Atlas, A.L., Toivio-Kinnucan, M. Avian Dis. (1990) [Pubmed]
  3. Arginine vasotocin and mesotocin in the anterior hypothalamus, neurohypophysis, proventriculus and plasma of White Leghorn cockerels, during dehydration. Robinzon, B., Koike, T.I., Kinzler, S.L., Neldon, H.L. Br. Poult. Sci. (1990) [Pubmed]
  4. A novel homeobox gene mediates the Dpp signal to establish functional specificity within target cells. Nakagoshi, H., Hoshi, M., Nabeshima, Y., Matsuzaki, F. Genes Dev. (1998) [Pubmed]
  5. Spatial and temporal pattern of hsp26 expression during normal development. Glaser, R.L., Wolfner, M.F., Lis, J.T. EMBO J. (1986) [Pubmed]
  6. Notch signaling functions as a binary switch for the determination of glandular and luminal fates of endodermal epithelium during chicken stomach development. Matsuda, Y., Wakamatsu, Y., Kohyama, J., Okano, H., Fukuda, K., Yasugi, S. Development (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Cell movements controlled by the Notch signalling cascade during foregut development in Drosophila. Fuss, B., Josten, F., Feix, M., Hoch, M. Development (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Exogenous administration of octanoic acid accelerates octanoylated ghrelin production in the proventriculus of neonatal chicks. Yamato, M., Sakata, I., Wada, R., Kaiya, H., Sakai, T. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Mesenchymal regulation of epithelial gene expression in developing avian stomach: 5'-flanking region of pepsinogen gene can mediate mesenchymal influence on its expression. Fukuda, K., Ishii, Y., Saiga, H., Shiokawa, K., Yasugi, S. Development (1994) [Pubmed]
  10. Gizzard formation and the role of Bapx1. Nielsen, C., Murtaugh, L.C., Chyung, J.C., Lassar, A., Roberts, D.J. Dev. Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Drosophila Signal peptide peptidase is an essential protease for larval development. Casso, D.J., Tanda, S., Biehs, B., Martoglio, B., Kornberg, T.B. Genetics (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Functional characterization of neural and smooth muscle motilin receptors in the chicken proventriculus and ileum. Kitazawa, T., Taneike, T., Ohga, A. Regul. Pept. (1997) [Pubmed]
  13. Existence of ghrelin-immunopositive and -expressing cells in the proventriculus of the hatching and adult chicken. Wada, R., Sakata, I., Kaiya, H., Nakamura, K., Hayashi, Y., Kangawa, K., Sakai, T. Regul. Pept. (2003) [Pubmed]
  14. Altered branching of serotonin-containing neurons in Drosophila mutants unable to synthesize serotonin and dopamine. Budnik, V., Wu, C.F., White, K. J. Neurosci. (1989) [Pubmed]
  15. Lactobacillus salivarius CTC2197 prevents Salmonella enteritidis colonization in chickens. Pascual, M., Hugas, M., Badiola, J.I., Monfort, J.M., Garriga, M. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  16. Ethanol and isopropanol effects on schedule-controlled responding. Leander, J.D., Mcmillan, D.E., Ellis, F.W. Psychopharmacologia. (1976) [Pubmed]
  17. Potentiation of motilin-induced contraction by nitric oxide synthase inhibition in the isolated chicken gastrointestinal tract. Kitazawa, T., Onodera, C., Taneike, T. Neurogastroenterol. Motil. (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. Expression of Fgf10 and Fgf receptors during development of the embryonic chicken stomach. Shin, M., Watanuki, K., Yasugi, S. Gene Expr. Patterns (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Molecular cloning and the nucleotide sequence of cDNA for embryonic chicken pepsinogen: phylogenetic relationship with prochymosin. Hayashi, K., Agata, K., Mochii, M., Yasugi, S., Eguchi, G., Mizuno, T. J. Biochem. (1988) [Pubmed]
  20. Chicken keratin-19: cloning of cDNA and analysis of expression in the chicken embryonic gut. Sato, K., Yasugi, S. Dev. Growth Differ. (1997) [Pubmed]
  21. Link protein is ubiquitously expressed in non-cartilaginous tissues where it enhances and stabilizes the interaction of proteoglycans with hyaluronic acid. Binette, F., Cravens, J., Kahoussi, B., Haudenschild, D.R., Goetinck, P.F. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  22. Immunocytochemical and ultrastructural characterization of endocrine cells in chicken proventriculus. Martínez, A., López, J., Barrenechea, M.A., Sesma, P. Cell Tissue Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  23. Topography and neurochemistry of the enteric ganglia in the proventriculus of the duck (Anas platyrhynchos). Mirabella, N., Squillacioti, C., Genovese, A., Germano, G., Paino, G. Anat. Embryol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  24. Feeding responses to infusions of glucose solutions into the duodenum of cockerels and the influences of pre-fasting or vagotomy. Shaobi, T.S., Forbes, J.M. Br. Poult. Sci. (1987) [Pubmed]
  25. Neurotensin decreases pepsin output and gastrointestinal motility in chickens. Degolier, T.F., Duke, G.E., Carraway, R.E. Poult. Sci. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities