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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Vertical Dimension

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High impact information on Vertical Dimension

  • As myopia increased, all ellipsoid dimensions increased with the axial dimension increasing more than the vertical dimension, which in turn increased more than the horizontal dimension (increases in approximate ratios 3:2:1) [1].
  • Role of occlusal vertical dimension in spindle function [2].
  • The distribution of BrdU-labeled cells in the horizontal and vertical dimension of the VN-SE was analyzed as a function of time [3].
  • Groups 2 and 3 have the typical facial characteristics unique to hypodontia, with reduced vertical dimensions as a consequence of limited alveolar bone growth [4].
  • Although agarose gels can easily be prepared in an open-faced format to gain the conveniences of horizontal electrophoresis, acrylamide does not polymerize in the presence of air and the usual configurations for gel preparation lead to electrophoresis in the vertical dimension [5].

Biological context of Vertical Dimension


Anatomical context of Vertical Dimension


Associations of Vertical Dimension with chemical compounds

  • At the last evaluation period, the compression-molded poly(methyl methacrylate) showed no change in mean occlusal vertical dimension from baseline, whereas remaining groups exhibited occlusal vertical dimensions significantly less than baseline [14].
  • This mixed, single-double blind study examined the effect of a stepwise increase in vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) on the isometric strength of cervical flexor and deltoid muscles in 20 asymptomatic females with deep bite (age range 20-40 years) [15].
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure the resistance to displacement in an adult bovine rib mandible model as the vertical dimension of the bone decreases, and to compare the fixation strength of titanium miniplates and reconstruction plates [16].
  • Acrylic resin denture teeth often exhibit rapid occlusal wear, which may lead to a loss of chewing efficiency and a loss of vertical dimension of occlusion [17].

Gene context of Vertical Dimension

  • Six closely inter-related elements of an occlusion must be evaluated and frequently modified in treatment Part 1 of this article will discuss two elements of the occlusion, in the order of their evaluation--centric relation position of the mandible and vertical dimension of occlusion [18].
  • Localization performance was better in the horizontal than in the vertical dimension for stimuli located on or near the frontal midline, but the opposite was true for most stimuli located further peripheral [19].
  • Effect of increased maxillo-mandibular relationship on isometric strength in TMD patients with loss of vertical dimension of occlusion [20].
  • It seems appropriate to propose that MDM measuring less than 1.5 mm in vertical dimensions could be characterized as melanocytic neoplasia of indeterminant malignant potential [21].
  • In addition, those parameters associated with increased vertical dimension and hyperdivergence demonstrated progressive expression with increasing severity of the chronic perennial allergic rhinitis [22].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Vertical Dimension


  1. Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia. Atchison, D.A., Pritchard, N., Schmid, K.L., Scott, D.H., Jones, C.E., Pope, J.M. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Role of occlusal vertical dimension in spindle function. Yabushita, T., Zeredo, J.L., Toda, K., Soma, K. J. Dent. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Neurogenesis in the vomeronasal epithelium of adult rats: evidence for different mechanisms for growth and neuronal turnover. Martínez-Marcos, A., Ubeda-Bañón, I., Deng, L., Halpern, M. J. Neurobiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Analysis of the vertical facial form in patients with severe hypodontia. Bondarets, N., McDonald, F. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. Electrophoresis for genotyping: microtiter array diagonal gel electrophoresis on horizontal polyacrylamide gels, hydrolink, or agarose. Day, I.N., Humphries, S.E. Anal. Biochem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Achieving excellence in TMJ, functional orthopedics, and orthodontic case finishing: Part IV (Section 2). Determinants of occlusion and vertical dimension. Broadbent, J.M. The Functional orthodontist. (1994) [Pubmed]
  7. Stability of mandibular position in continuous vowel phonation. Moriya, N., Morimoto, S., Ohkawa, S., Nagasawa, T., Tsuru, H. The International journal of prosthodontics. (1990) [Pubmed]
  8. Effect of an increase in occlusal vertical dimension on the rate of cyclic actin-myosin interaction in guinea-pig masseter muscle. Kawasaki, K., Saeki, Y., Ohnuki, Y. Arch. Oral Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  9. A preliminary investigation into the effect of increased occlusal vertical dimension on mandibular movement during speech. Burnett, C.A., Clifford, T.J. Journal of dentistry. (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. The effect of increasing occlusal vertical dimension on transcranial radiographic projections of the temporomandibular joints. Gross, M.D. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. (1988) [Pubmed]
  11. Relationship of occlusal vertical dimension to the health of the masticatory system. Rivera-Morales, W.C., Mohl, N.D. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Adaptation of guinea-pig superficial masseter muscle to an increase in occlusal vertical dimension. Ohnuki, Y., Saeki, Y., Yamane, A., Kawasaki, K., Yanagisawa, K. Arch. Oral Biol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. The effect of bilateral lingual nerve anesthesia and increased occlusal vertical dimension on the onset of swallowing in adult males. Tei, K., Yamazaki, Y., Ono, M., Totsuka, Y. Cranio : the journal of craniomandibular practice. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Periodic evaluation of the occlusal vertical dimension of maxillary dentures from the wax trial denture through 48 hours after polymerization. Swords, R.L., Latta, G.H., Wicks, R.A., Huget, E.F. Journal of prosthodontics : official journal of the American College of Prosthodontists. (2000) [Pubmed]
  15. The effect of stepwise increases in vertical dimension of occlusion on isometric strength of cervical flexors and deltoid muscles in nonsymptomatic females. Chakfa, A.M., Mehta, N.R., Forgione, A.G., Al-Badawi, E.A., Lobo, S.L., Zawawi, K.H. Cranio : the journal of craniomandibular practice. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. An in vitro study of the effect of bony buttressing on fixation strength of a fractured atrophic edentulous mandible model. Sikes, J.W., Smith, B.R., Mukherjee, D.P. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. (2000) [Pubmed]
  17. Composite occlusal surfaces for acrylic resin denture teeth. Vergani, C.E., Giampaolo, E.T., Cucci, A.L. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. (1997) [Pubmed]
  18. Occlusion-based treatment planning for complex dental restorations: Part 1. Keough, B. The International journal of periodontics & restorative dentistry. (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Two-dimensional sound localization by human listeners. Makous, J.C., Middlebrooks, J.C. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. (1990) [Pubmed]
  20. Effect of increased maxillo-mandibular relationship on isometric strength in TMD patients with loss of vertical dimension of occlusion. Abduljabbar, T., Mehta, N.R., Forgione, A.G., Clark, R.E., Kronman, J.H., Munsat, T.L., George, P. Cranio : the journal of craniomandibular practice. (1997) [Pubmed]
  21. Minimal deviation melanoma. Borderline and intermediate melanocytic neoplasia. Reed, R.J. Clin. Lab. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  22. A cephalometric study of children with chronic perennial allergic rhinitis. Stein, E., Flax, S.J. J. Dent. Assoc. S. Afr. (1996) [Pubmed]
  23. Changes in occlusal vertical dimension in microwave processing of complete dentures. Barbosa, D.B., Compagnoni, M.A., Leles, C.R. Brazilian dental journal. (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Preservation of occlusal vertical dimension in overdentures. Levin, A.C., Shifman, A., Lepley, J.B. Journal of the American Dental Association (1939) (1978) [Pubmed]
  25. Report on the determination of occlusal vertical dimension and centric relation using swallowing in edentulous patients. Millet, C., Jeannin, C., Vincent, B., Malquarti, G. Journal of oral rehabilitation. (2003) [Pubmed]
  26. Occlusal vertical dimension in prosthodontics. Chou, T.M., Moore, D.J., Young, L.J., Glaros, A.G., Chou, J.I. The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences. (1996) [Pubmed]
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