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MeSH Review

Disease Outbreaks

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Disease relevance of Disease Outbreaks


High impact information on Disease Outbreaks

  • STUDY SELECTION.--Foodborne disease outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Ga, on standard investigation forms [5].
  • Three caused pandemics in the last century: H1 in 1918 (and 1977), H2 in 1957 and H3 in 1968 [6].
  • Emerging influenza pandemics have been accompanied by the evolution of receptor-binding specificity from the preference of avian viruses for sialic acid receptors in alpha2,3 linkage to the preference of human viruses for alpha2,6 linkages [7].
  • Biological and genetic characteristics of the causative agents of the more recent pandemics, have been well studied but little is known about the causative agent of the Great Pandemic in 1918 [8].
  • Thus, the pathogenicity of the A/Env/HK/437/99 viruses was compared in chickens and in mice to evaluate the potential for disease outbreaks in poultry and humans [9].

Biological context of Disease Outbreaks


Associations of Disease Outbreaks with chemical compounds


Gene context of Disease Outbreaks


  1. Analysis of equid herpesvirus 1 strain variation reveals a point mutation of the DNA polymerase strongly associated with neuropathogenic versus nonneuropathogenic disease outbreaks. Nugent, J., Birch-Machin, I., Smith, K.C., Mumford, J.A., Swann, Z., Newton, J.R., Bowden, R.J., Allen, G.P., Davis-Poynter, N. J. Virol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  2. Avian-to-human transmission of the PB1 gene of influenza A viruses in the 1957 and 1968 pandemics. Kawaoka, Y., Krauss, S., Webster, R.G. J. Virol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  3. Global epidemiology of meningococcal disease and vaccine efficacy. Pollard, A.J. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Studies on the toxic and immunosuppressive effects of cadmium on the common carp. Sövényi, J., Szakolczai, J. Acta Vet. Hung. (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. Foodborne disease outbreaks in nursing homes, 1975 through 1987. Levine, W.C., Smart, J.F., Archer, D.L., Bean, N.H., Tauxe, R.V. JAMA (1991) [Pubmed]
  6. H5 avian and H9 swine influenza virus haemagglutinin structures: possible origin of influenza subtypes. Ha, Y., Stevens, D.J., Skehel, J.J., Wiley, D.C. EMBO J. (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. X-ray structures of H5 avian and H9 swine influenza virus hemagglutinins bound to avian and human receptor analogs. Ha, Y., Stevens, D.J., Skehel, J.J., Wiley, D.C. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Influenza A pandemics of the 20th century with special reference to 1918: virology, pathology and epidemiology. Oxford, J.S. Rev. Med. Virol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Continued circulation in China of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses encoding the hemagglutinin gene associated with the 1997 H5N1 outbreak in poultry and humans. Cauthen, A.N., Swayne, D.E., Schultz-Cherry, S., Perdue, M.L., Suarez, D.L. J. Virol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Surveillance for waterborne disease outbreaks--United States, 1991-1992. Moore, A.C., Herwaldt, B.L., Craun, G.F., Calderon, R.L., Highsmith, A.K., Juranek, D.D. MMWR. CDC surveillance summaries : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. CDC surveillance summaries / Centers for Disease Control. (1993) [Pubmed]
  11. High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the mycotoxin citrinin and its application to biological fluids. Phillips, R.D., Hayes, A.W., Berndt, W.O. J. Chromatogr. (1980) [Pubmed]
  12. The plasmid profiles of fish pathogenic isolates of Aeromonas salmonicida, Vibrio anguillarum, and Vibrio ordalii from the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Canada. Giles, J.S., Hariharan, H., Heaney, S.B. Can. J. Microbiol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  13. Effects of cortisol and stress on channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) pathogen susceptibility and lysozyme activity following exposure to Edwardsiella ictaluri. Small, B.C., Bilodeau, A.L. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Clinical efficacy of chlortetracycline hydrochloride administered in milk replacer to calves. Braidwood, J.C., Henry, N.W. Vet. Rec. (1990) [Pubmed]
  15. Using blood glucose data as an indicator for epidemic disease outbreaks. Arsand, E., Walseth, O.A., Andersson, N., Fernando, R., Granberg, O., Bellika, J.G., Hartvigsen, G. Studies in health technology and informatics. (2005) [Pubmed]
  16. Granulomatous peritonitis and pleuritis in interferon-gamma gene knockout mice naturally infected with mouse hepatitis virus. France, M.P., Smith, A.L., Stevenson, R., Barthold, S.W. Aust. Vet. J. (1999) [Pubmed]
  17. Sporulation-promoting ability of Clostridium perfringens culture fluids. Shih, N.J., Labbé, R.G. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  18. Global virus alert. How SARS highlighted the risk of viral pandemics. Winter, G. Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987) (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Short hairpin RNA targeted to the highly conserved 2B nonstructural protein coding region inhibits replication of multiple serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus. de los Santos, T., Wu, Q., de Avila Botton, S., Grubman, M.J. Virology (2005) [Pubmed]
  20. Influenza A virus recycling revisited. Dowdle, W.R. Bull. World Health Organ. (1999) [Pubmed]
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