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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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High impact information on Solanaceae

  • The first examples were found only in the Solanaceae family, but, using new EST and genomic data, we have found 11 homologous genes dispersed through almost the whole range of mono- and di-cotyledonous plants [1].
  • In contrast to the repetitive precursor sequences of the Solanaceae Pin2 genes, the new homologs have only a single repeat unit [1].
  • The presence of methyl jasmonate in the atmosphere of chambers containing plants from three species of two families, Solanaceae and Fabaceae, results in the accumulation of proteinase inhibitors in leaves of all three species [2].
  • Directed mutagenesis and chloroplast transformation previously showed that a proline 89 to arginine substitution on the surface of the large subunit of Chlamydomonas Rubisco switched its specificity from non-Solanaceae to Solanaceae activase activation [3].
  • In an attempt to eliminate the activase/Rubisco interaction, proline 89 was changed to alanine, which is not present in either non-Solanaceae or Solanaceae Rubisco [3].

Biological context of Solanaceae


Associations of Solanaceae with chemical compounds

  • The tropane alkaloid scopolamine is synthesized in the pericycle of branch roots in certain species of the Solanaceae [8].
  • Proteinase inhibitor II proteins (PIN2) are serine proteinase inhibitors found in the Solanaceae [9].
  • Cloning and expression of a cDNA encoding betanidin 5-O-glucosyltransferase, a betanidin- and flavonoid-specific enzyme with high homology to inducible glucosyltransferases from the Solanaceae [10].
  • Whereas SUT1 is supposed to be the main phloem loader of sucrose in Solanaceae, the role of SUT2 remains a matter of debate [11].
  • Enrichment cultures utilizing capsaicin were successfully initiated using Capsicum-derived plant material or leaves of tomato (a related Solanaceae) as inocula [12].

Gene context of Solanaceae

  • Natural glycoalkaloid toxins produced by plants of the family Solanaceae, which includes potatoes and tomatoes, inhibit both AChE and BuChE [13].
  • Instead, this analysis indicates that following the divergence of the Solanaceae and Brassicaceae from one another, a PHYB gene duplicated independently in each lineage [14].
  • Finally, rapid progress made in LRR-RK research beyond the model system Arabidopsis has provided exciting, novel insights into the evolution of the LRR-RK signaling system in plants, such as BRI1 utilized in the wound-responsive signaling pathway in Solanaceae plants and recruitment of CLV1 in nodule development in leguminous plants [15].
  • Available evidence indicates that different members of the family Solanaceae may use one or the other of these elongation mechanisms in the synthesis of acyl groups of trichome-exuded sugar esters [16].
  • Estimates of population-level allele numbers fall within the range observed in the Solanaceae, the only other family with RNase-based incompatibility for which estimates are available [17].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Solanaceae


  1. Repeats with variations: accelerated evolution of the Pin2 family of proteinase inhibitors. Barta, E., Pintar, A., Pongor, S. Trends Genet. (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. Interplant communication: airborne methyl jasmonate induces synthesis of proteinase inhibitors in plant leaves. Farmer, E.E., Ryan, C.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1990) [Pubmed]
  3. Activase region on chloroplast ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Nonconservative substitution in the large subunit alters species specificity of protein interaction. Ott, C.M., Smith, B.D., Portis, A.R., Spreitzer, R.J. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Broad-specificity proteinase inhibitors in Scopolia japonica (Solanaceae) cultured cells. Isolation, physicochemical properties, and inhibition kinetics. Sakato, K., Tanaka, H., Misawa, M. Eur. J. Biochem. (1975) [Pubmed]
  5. S-RNase-mediated self-incompatibility. Wang, Y., Wang, X., Skirpan, A.L., Kao, T.H. J. Exp. Bot. (2003) [Pubmed]
  6. Tropinone reductases, enzymes at the branch point of tropane alkaloid metabolism. Dräger, B. Phytochemistry (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. The role of insertions/deletions in the evolution of the intergenic region between psbA and trnH in the chloroplast genome. Aldrich, J., Cherney, B.W., Merlin, E., Christopherson, L. Curr. Genet. (1988) [Pubmed]
  8. Species-dependent expression of the hyoscyamine 6 beta-hydroxylase gene in the pericycle. Kanegae, T., Kajiya, H., Amano, Y., Hashimoto, T., Yamada, Y. Plant Physiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  9. Downregulation of Solanum americanum genes encoding proteinase inhibitor II causes defective seed development. Sin, S.F., Yeung, E.C., Chye, M.L. Plant J. (2006) [Pubmed]
  10. Cloning and expression of a cDNA encoding betanidin 5-O-glucosyltransferase, a betanidin- and flavonoid-specific enzyme with high homology to inducible glucosyltransferases from the Solanaceae. Vogt, T., Grimm, R., Strack, D. Plant J. (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. Sucrose transporter LeSUT1 and LeSUT2 inhibition affects tomato fruit development in different ways. Hackel, A., Schauer, N., Carrari, F., Fernie, A.R., Grimm, B., Kühn, C. Plant J. (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. Utilization of capsaicin and vanillylamine as growth substrates by Capsicum (hot pepper)-associated bacteria. Flagan, S.F., Leadbetter, J.R. Environ. Microbiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  13. Cholinesterase inhibition by potato glycoalkaloids slows mivacurium metabolism. McGehee, D.S., Krasowski, M.D., Fung, D.L., Wilson, B., Gronert, G.A., Moss, J. Anesthesiology (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. Tomato contains two differentially expressed genes encoding B-type phytochromes, neither of which can be considered an ortholog of Arabidopsis phytochrome B. Pratt, L.H., Cordonnier-Pratt, M.M., Hauser, B., Caboche, M. Planta (1995) [Pubmed]
  15. Leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases in plants: structure, function, and signal transduction pathways. Torii, K.U. Int. Rev. Cytol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  16. Different elongation pathways in the biosynthesis of acyl groups of trichome exudate sugar esters from various solanaceous plants. Kroumova, A.B., Wagner, G.J. Planta (2003) [Pubmed]
  17. S-allele diversity in Sorbus aucuparia and Crataegus monogyna (Rosaceae: Maloideae). Raspé, O., Kohn, J.R. Heredity (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. Jasmonic acid inducible aspartic proteinase inhibitors from potato. Kreft, S., Ravnikar, M., Mesko, P., Pungercar, J., Umek, A., Kregar, I., Strukelj, B. Phytochemistry (1997) [Pubmed]
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