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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Fuel Oils

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Disease relevance of Fuel Oils

  • Production of alternatives to fuel oil from organic waste by the alkane-producing bacterium, Vibrio furnissii M1 [1].

High impact information on Fuel Oils

  • We investigated the mechanisms through which vanadium pentoxide (V2O5), the major form of vanadium released from the industrial burning of fuel oil, activated the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-1 [2].
  • A light fuel oil was enriched with 15 organometallic compounds of the following elements: Pb, Hg, As, Cu, Zn, Cd, Se, Sn, Mn, V, Tl, Ni, Co, Cr, and Sb [3].
  • The molecular markers for these emissions include the high molecular weight PAHs, the n-alkanes, a Carbon Preference Index approximately 1 (odd carbon:even carbon approximately 1), as well as pristane and phytane as specific markers for fuel oil degradation [4].
  • On December 25th, some heavy fuel oil released by the tanker came ashore along the French Atlantic Coast. Some oil residues and oiled bird feathers were collected all along the Atlantic Shoreline of France after the wreck of the Erika tanker [5].
  • Atmospheric emissions of mercury from fuel oil burned in the United States are estimated in the U.S. EPA Mercury Report to Congress to be approximately 10000 kg/yr, and this estimate may be in error on the high side by a factor of 3-10 [6].

Biological context of Fuel Oils


Anatomical context of Fuel Oils


Associations of Fuel Oils with chemical compounds

  • Only six elements in the fuel oil (As, Ba, Co, Ni, Se and V) had certified or indicated values [12].
  • For 2 weeks, he had intensely inhaled Coleman fuel oil vapor, which contains n-hexane [13].
  • An amount of 5 g of naphtha or fuel oil is diluted to 10 ml with dichloromethane and spiked with a small quantity (ca. 0.25 micrograms) of 14C-labeled BaP tracer [14].
  • Of the six ARM components, No. 2 fuel oil was the most toxic followed in decreasing order by sulfide, ammonia, phenol, chromium, and kaolinite [15].
  • Selectivity was demonstrated with solvent spiked with fuel oil and atrazine [16].

Gene context of Fuel Oils

  • Microwave digestion of "residual fuel oil" (NIST SRM 1634b) for the determination of trace elements by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry [17].
  • Control is maintained by regular residual insecticide sprayings with DDT, regular larviciding with fuel oil and fortnightly issue of amodiaquine chemoprophylactic to all workers [18].
  • Pulmonary function in workers exposed to low levels of fuel-oil ash [19].
  • Short and long term effects of a fuel oil spill from a grounded ship "M V Sea Transporter" on meiofauna of a sandy beach of central West Coast of India were investigated [20].
  • On 4 February 1999, the Japanese-owned cargo ship M/V New Carissa, carrying an estimated 400,000 gallons of light diesel and heavy fuel oil, ran aground 2 miles north of Coos Bay, Oregon. Damage to the ship's hull from the grounding and pounding surf caused the release of an estimated 25,000 to 70,000 gallons of oil [21].


  1. Production of alternatives to fuel oil from organic waste by the alkane-producing bacterium, Vibrio furnissii M1. Park, M.O., Heguri, K., Hirata, K., Miyamoto, K. J. Appl. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Vanadium-induced STAT-1 activation in lung myofibroblasts requires H2O2 and P38 MAP kinase. Wang, Y.Z., Ingram, J.L., Walters, D.M., Rice, A.B., Santos, J.H., Van Houten, B., Bonner, J.C. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Partitioning of metal species during an enriched fuel combustion experiment. speciation in the gaseous and particulate phases. Pavageau, M.P., Morin, A., Seby, F., Guimon, C., Krupp, E., Pécheyran, C., Poulleau, J., Donard, O.F. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other semivolatile organic compounds collected in New York City in response to the events of 9/11. Swartz, E., Stockburger, L., Vallero, D.A. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Molecular and stable carbon isotopic source identification of oil residues and oiled bird feathers sampled along the Atlantic Coast of France after the Erika oil spill. Mazeas, L., Budzinski, H. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. Estimate of mercury emissions to the atmosphere from petroleum. Wilhelm, S.M. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Acute respiratory symptoms in workers exposed to vanadium-rich fuel-oil ash. Woodin, M.A., Liu, Y., Neuberg, D., Hauser, R., Smith, T.J., Christiani, D.C. Am. J. Ind. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  8. Inhalation of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive; and possible concomitant exposure. Donoghue, A.M. Occupational and environmental medicine. (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. Evaluation of changes in hematologic and clinical biochemical values after exposure to petroleum products in mink (Mustela vison) as a model for assessment of sea otters (Enhydra lutris). Mazet, J.K., Gardner, I.A., Jessup, D.A., Lowenstine, L.J., Boyce, W.M. Am. J. Vet. Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Fuel oil effect on the population growth, species diversity and chlorophyll (a) content of freshwater microalgae. El-Dib, M.A., Abou-Waly, H.F., El-Naby, A.H. International journal of environmental health research. (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Functional and ultrastructural cell pathology induced by fuel oil in cultured dolphin renal cells. Pfeiffer, C.J., Sharova, L.V., Gray, L. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (2000) [Pubmed]
  12. Determination of trace elements by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry of biomass and fuel oil reference materials using milligram sample sizes. Lachas, H., Richaud, R., Herod, A.A., Dugwell, D.R., Kandiyoti, R. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Focal conduction block in n-hexane polyneuropathy. Chang, A.P., England, J.D., Garcia, C.A., Sumner, A.J. Muscle Nerve (1998) [Pubmed]
  14. Liquid chromatographic determination of benzo[a]pyrene at part-per-billion concentrations in highly refined coal- and petroleum-derived fuels. Tomkins, B.A., Griest, W.H. J. Chromatogr. (1987) [Pubmed]
  15. The effects of a simulated refinery effluent on the grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio. Hall, L.W., Buikema, A.L., Cairns, J. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  16. Atomic emission detection for gas chromatographic analysis of nitrogen-containing herbicides in water. Olson, N.L., Carrell, R., Cummings, R., Rieck, R., Reimer, S. Journal of AOAC International. (1995) [Pubmed]
  17. Microwave digestion of "residual fuel oil" (NIST SRM 1634b) for the determination of trace elements by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Wondimu, T., Goessler, W., Irgolic, K.J. Fresenius' journal of analytical chemistry. (2000) [Pubmed]
  18. A pocket of controlled malaria in a holoendemic region of West Africa. Hedman, P., Brohult, J., Forslund, J., Sirleaf, V., Bengtsson, E. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  19. Pulmonary function in workers exposed to low levels of fuel-oil ash. Woodin, M.A., Liu, Y., Hauser, R., Smith, T.J., Christiani, D.C. J. Occup. Environ. Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
  20. Effect of an oil spill from M V Sea Transporter on intertidal meiofauna at Goa, India. Ansari, Z.A., Ingole, B. Mar. Pollut. Bull. (2002) [Pubmed]
  21. Derivation of shellfish harvest reopening criteria following the New Carissa oil spill in Coos Bay, Oregon. Gilroy, D.J. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part A (2000) [Pubmed]
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