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Chemical Compound Review

AGN-PC-0052G9     azanium nitrate

Synonyms: CHEBI:63038, LS-1555, CTK2F2930, KSC352S3B, CAS-6484-52-2, ...
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Disease relevance of azanium nitrate

  • The major growth yield of a prototrophic strain of Bacillus stearothermophilus under aerobic conditions on salts medium containing ammonium nitrate as the nitrogen source and glucose or succinate as the carbon source was maximal at the lowest growth temperature employed and decreased steadily as the temperature was raised [1].
  • The urinary excretion of 15N-labeled ammonium nitrate was studied during the last few weeks in patients with normal pregnancy and in those with toxemia [2].
  • In batch culture, production was optimal when Cytophaga flevensis was incubated at 20 C in a mineral medium with agar as the sole carbon source and ammonium nitrate as the nitrogen source at an initial pH of 6.6-7 [3].
  • Contact dermatitis due to calcium ammonium nitrate [4].
  • In order to determine the potential of pesticide and fertilizer mixtures to produce reproductive or developmental toxicity at concentrations up to 100 x the median level found in groundwater, we prepared and studied two mixtures of pesticides and a fertilizer (ammonium nitrate) [5].

High impact information on azanium nitrate

  • Homobenzylic ethers with pendent enol acetate nucleophiles undergo highly efficient cleavage reactions followed by 6-endo cyclizations to form 2,6-disubstituted tetrahydropyrones with excellent stereocontrol at room temperature in the presence of the mild oxidant ceric ammonium nitrate [6].
  • In roots, PvUPS1 expression was dependent on the status of nodulation, with highest expression in nodules and roots of nodulated plants compared with non-nodulated roots supplied with ammonium nitrate or allantoin [7].
  • The AtAMT2 gene was expressed in all organs of Arabidopsis and was subject to nitrogen (N) regulation, at least in roots where expression was partially repressed by high concentrations of ammonium nitrate and derepressed in the absence of external N [8].
  • We provide evidence that ammonium, nitrate, and light regulate GS transcript accumulation in green algae [9].
  • The fluorescence quenching method is then applied to the determination of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazine(HMX), 2,4,6-TNT, nitromethane, and ammonium nitrate in various commercial explosive samples [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of azanium nitrate

  • The rapid progression of signs to death with ammonium nitrate poisoning may explain the lower levels of nitrate attained in ocular fluid than observed with pure nitrate intoxications [11].
  • Only NO3- (5 mM) protected the enzymatic activity from salt toxicity while other concentrations of ammonium, nitrate and urea slowed down the salt-induced inhibition of enzyme activity in Azolla-Anabaena association [12].

Biological context of azanium nitrate


Anatomical context of azanium nitrate


Associations of azanium nitrate with other chemical compounds

  • Biomimetic aldol cyclization of the corresponding dione 41 gave a mixture of the tetracyclic cis- and trans-3,4a-diols 42 and 43, which were oxidized by cerium ammonium nitrate to the quinones 45 and 3 [19].
  • The R. etli rpoN gene was shown to control in free-living conditions the production of melanin, the activation of nifH, and the metabolism of C4-dicarboxylic acids and several nitrogen sources (ammonium, nitrate, alanine, and serine) [20].
  • Continuous cultivation was used to study the effect of glucose, ammonium, nitrate or phosphate limitation on the excretion of tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediates by Penicillium simplicissimum [21].
  • Agricultural operations are the largest source of ammonia emissions in the United States and contribute to the formation of ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulfate, two prevalent forms of fine particulate matter [22].
  • The reproducibility of capacity factors and relative capacity factors are compared as methods for recording retentions for the high-performance liquid chromatography of basic drugs on a silica column with methanol-aqueous ammonium nitrate as the eluent [23].

Gene context of azanium nitrate

  • After diacylation, ceric ammonium nitrate was used to remove the 4-methoxyphenyl group under mild conditions that avoid acyl migration to 1,3-dipalmitoylglycerol [24].
  • A novel mechanism is proposed for the Fast SCR reaction of NH(3), NO and NO(2) at low temperature involving the formation of ammonium nitrate as intermediate and its subsequent reaction with NO as the rate determining step [25].
  • One-electron oxidation of 2(2)(-) by ceric(IV) ammonium nitrate affords the blue, air-stable radical [hypercloso-B(12)Me(12)](*-), dodecamethyl-hypercloso-dodecaborate(1-), 2(*-), isolated as the PPN salt [26].
  • In view of its intended use as a sample for proficiency testing or as a reference material the stability of the extractable trace element contents of a soil from an irrigation field was tested using the extraction with 1 mol/L ammonium nitrate solution according to DIN 19730 [27].
  • The growth of three strains of Cantharellus cibarius on liquid media containing ammonium, nitrate and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in different combinations was determined [28].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of azanium nitrate


  1. Energetics of Bacillus stearothermophilus growth: molar growth yield and temperature effects on growth efficiency. Coultate, T.P., Sundaram, T.K. J. Bacteriol. (1975) [Pubmed]
  2. Abnormality in metabolism of 15N-labeled nitrate in toxemia. McLaren, D.S., Mroueh, A., Read, W.W. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  3. Production and characterization of the agarase of Cytoplaga flevensis. Van der Meulen, H.J., Harder, W. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek (1975) [Pubmed]
  4. Contact dermatitis due to calcium ammonium nitrate. Pasricha, J.S., Gupta, R. Contact Derm. (1983) [Pubmed]
  5. Assessment of the reproductive and developmental toxicity of pesticide/fertilizer mixtures based on confirmed pesticide contamination in California and Iowa groundwater. Heindel, J.J., Chapin, R.E., Gulati, D.K., George, J.D., Price, C.J., Marr, M.C., Myers, C.B., Barnes, L.H., Fail, P.A., Grizzle, T.B. Fundamental and applied toxicology : official journal of the Society of Toxicology. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Structure-reactivity relationships in oxidative carbon-carbon bond forming reactions: a mild and efficient approach to stereoselective syntheses of 2,6-disubstituted tetrahydropyrones. Wang, L., Seiders, J.R., Floreancig, P.E. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2004) [Pubmed]
  7. PvUPS1, an allantoin transporter in nodulated roots of French bean. Pélissier, H.C., Frerich, A., Desimone, M., Schumacher, K., Tegeder, M. Plant Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Characterization of Arabidopsis AtAMT2, a high-affinity ammonium transporter of the plasma membrane. Sohlenkamp, C., Wood, C.C., Roeb, G.W., Udvardi, M.K. Plant Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Isolation and characterization of glutamine synthetase genes in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Chen, Q., Silflow, C.D. Plant Physiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. Fluorescence quenching as an indirect detection method for nitrated explosives. Goodpaster, J.V., McGuffin, V.L. Anal. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Acute poisoning of cattle by fertilizer-contaminated water. Villar, D., Schwartz, K.J., Carson, T.L., Kinker, J.A., Barker, J. Veterinary and human toxicology. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. Protection against salt toxicity in Azolla pinnata-Anabaena azollae symbiotic association by using combined-N sources. Mishra, A.K., Singh, S.S. Acta. Biol. Hung. (2006) [Pubmed]
  13. The mediation of veratryl alcohol in oxidations promoted by lignin peroxidase: the lifetime of veratryl alcohol radical cation. Baciocchi, E., Bietti, M., Gerini, M.F., Lanzalunga, O. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. Isolation and characterization of two new negative regulatory mutants for nitrate assimilation in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii obtained by insertional mutagenesis. Prieto, R., Dubus, A., Galván, A., Fernández, E. Mol. Gen. Genet. (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. Inhalation of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive; and possible concomitant exposure. Donoghue, A.M. Occupational and environmental medicine. (1999) [Pubmed]
  16. Nodule ultrastructure and initial growth of Anadenanthera peregrina (L.) Speg. var. falcata (Benth.) altschul plants infected with rhizobia. Grossi, E., Cordeiro, L., Caetano, F.H. Ann. Bot. (2002) [Pubmed]
  17. Oviposition response of Chironomus tepperi to nitrogenous compounds and bioextracts in two-choice laboratory tests. Stevens, M.M., Warren, G.N., Braysher, B.D. J. Chem. Ecol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  18. Inhalation of resuspended road dust, but not ammonium nitrate, decreases the expression of the pulmonary macrophage Fc receptor. Ziegler, B., Bhalla, D.K., Rasmussen, R.E., Kleinman, M.T., Menzel, D.B. Toxicol. Lett. (1994) [Pubmed]
  19. Biomimetic synthesis of the racemic angucyclinones of the aquayamycin and WP 3688-2 types. Krohn, K., Frese, P., Flörke, U. Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2000) [Pubmed]
  20. The Rhizobium etli rpoN locus: DNA sequence analysis and phenotypical characterization of rpoN, ptsN, and ptsA mutants. Michiels, J., Van Soom, T., D'hooghe, I., Dombrecht, B., Benhassine, T., de Wilde, P., Vanderleyden, J. J. Bacteriol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  21. Efflux of organic acids in Penicillium simplicissimum is an energy-spilling process, adjusting the catabolic carbon flow to the nutrient supply and the activity of catabolic pathways. Gallmetzer, M., Burgstaller, W. Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) (2002) [Pubmed]
  22. Livestock ammonia management and particulate-related health benefits. McCubbin, D.R., Apelberg, B.J., Roe, S., Divita, F. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  23. Retention reproducibility of basic drugs in high-performance liquid chromatography on a silica column with a methanol-ammonium nitrate eluent. The effect of the mobile phase and the operating conditions. Smith, R.M., Hurdley, T.G., Gill, R., Osselton, M.D. J. Chromatogr. (1987) [Pubmed]
  24. An efficient asymmetric synthesis of diacylglycerols. Vilchèze, C., Bittman, R. J. Lipid Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
  25. A "Nitrate Route" for the low temperature "Fast SCR" reaction over a V2O5-WO3/TiO2 commercial catalyst. Ciardelli, C., Nova, I., Tronconi, E., Chatterjee, D., Bandl-Konrad, B. Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (2004) [Pubmed]
  26. Dodecamethyl-closo-dodecaborate(2-). Peymann, T., Knobler, C.B., Khan, S.I., Hawthorne, M.F. Inorganic chemistry. (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. NH4NO3 extractable trace element contents of soil samples prepared for proficiency testing--a stability study. Traub, H., Scharf, H. Fresenius' journal of analytical chemistry. (2001) [Pubmed]
  28. Use of different nitrogen sources by the edible ectomycorrhizal mushroom Cantharellus cibarius. Rangel-Castro, J.I., Danell, E., Taylor, A.F. Mycorrhiza (2002) [Pubmed]
  29. High-pressure liquid chromatographic analysis of sennosides A and B purgative drugs. Komolafe, O.O. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. (1981) [Pubmed]
  30. Complex refractive index of ammonium nitrate in the 2-20-microm spectral range. Jarzembski, M.A., Norman, M.L., Fuller, K.A., Srivastava, V., Cutten, D.R. Applied optics. (2003) [Pubmed]
  31. Comparative studies on the structural proteins of T3 and T7 phages. Issinger, O.G., Falk, H. Arch. Virol. (1976) [Pubmed]
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