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MeSH Review

Pregnancy Tests

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Disease relevance of Pregnancy Tests


High impact information on Pregnancy Tests

  • Standardisation of human chorionic gonadotropin, HCG subunits, and pregnancy tests [4].
  • We evaluated the performance of four visually read pregnancy tests (TestPack Plus hCG Combo, ICON II hCG, SureCell hCG-Serum/Urine and PregnaGen 1-Step) designed to detect increased concentrations of choriogonadotropin (hCG) in either serum or urine samples [5].
  • We used Tandem Icon II (Hybritech) pregnancy test reagents and evaluated the reagents for possible "false-positive" findings at the 25 int. units/L limit of hCG detectability by analyzing 100 post-menopausal and more than 4000 premenopausal serum specimens [6].
  • Health care providers should be aware of the occurrence of false-positive pregnancy tests in females of childbearing potential receiving thalidomide [7].
  • Total activin A was detectable 14 days after ET (positive pregnancy test), and higher levels were associated with multiple gestations while rapidly falling levels heralded embryonic demise [8].

Biological context of Pregnancy Tests


Anatomical context of Pregnancy Tests


Associations of Pregnancy Tests with chemical compounds

  • STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: A retrospective review of patients receiving thalidomide within the S.T.E.P.S. programme from September 1998 to 31 December 2004 to determine the occurrence of positive pregnancy tests whilst on treatment [7].
  • Calving data were obtained from a further 110 cows for which the milk progesterone EIA had provided a pregnancy test 24 days after AI; 46 cows were correctly identified as non-pregnant and 58 as pregnant and there were 4 false positive and 2 inconclusive results [13].
  • Latex reagents for HCG obtained from commercially available pregnancy test kits were adapted for use on Instrumentation Laboratory's Multistat III Plus centrifugal analyzer [14].
  • Daily infusion of serum albumin and low dose dopamine failed to increase her urine output and her abdominal symptoms became increasingly deteriorated after her urine pregnancy test turned out to be positive [15].
  • Four of the 14 women did not have pregnancy tests before starting Accutane [16].

Gene context of Pregnancy Tests


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Pregnancy Tests


  1. Bilateral hematosalpinx in a case of ectopic pregnancy: a clinical dilemma. Sindos, M., Wang, T.F., Pisal, N., Eben, F., Singer, A. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  2. Evaluation of new serum and urine tests in cases of suspected pathologic early pregnancy. Steier, J.A., Myking, O.L. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. (1986) [Pubmed]
  3. The abuse of high dose estrogen/progestin combination drugs in delay of menstruation: the assumptions and practices of doctors, midwives and pharmacists in a Peruvian city. Bonnema, J., Dalebout, J.A. Social science & medicine (1982) (1992) [Pubmed]
  4. Standardisation of human chorionic gonadotropin, HCG subunits, and pregnancy tests. Bangham, D.R., Storring, P.L. Lancet (1982) [Pubmed]
  5. Four rapid serum-urine combination assays of choriogonadotropin (hCG) compared and assessed for their utility in quantitative determinations of hCG. Mishalani, S.H., Seliktar, J., Braunstein, G.D. Clin. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. An algorithm for testing and reporting serum choriogonadotropin at clinically significant decision levels with use of "pregnancy test" reagents. Bandi, Z.L., Schoen, I., Waters, M. Clin. Chem. (1989) [Pubmed]
  7. Thalidomide use in the US : experience with pregnancy testing in the S.T.E.P.S. programme. Uhl, K., Cox, E., Rogan, R., Zeldis, J.B., Hixon, D., Furlong, L.A., Singer, S., Holliman, T., Beyer, J., Woolever, W. Drug safety : an international journal of medical toxicology and drug experience. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Measurement of inhibin and activin in early human pregnancy: demonstration of fetoplacental origin and role in prediction of early-pregnancy outcome. Lockwood, G.M., Ledger, W.L., Barlow, D.H., Groome, N.P., Muttukrishna, S. Biol. Reprod. (1997) [Pubmed]
  9. Spontaneous recovery of chemotherapy-induced primary ovarian failure: implications for management. Nasir, J., Walton, C., Lindow, S.W., Masson, E.A. Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. Luteal phase support. Penzias, A.S. Fertil. Steril. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Pregnancy complications in women with recurrent miscarriage associated with antiphospholipid antibodies treated with low dose aspirin and heparin. Backos, M., Rai, R., Baxter, N., Chilcott, I.T., Cohen, H., Regan, L. British journal of obstetrics and gynaecology. (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Evaluation of patients with abnormal uterine bleeding. Long, C.A. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  13. Use of progesterone 11-glucuronide-alkaline phosphatase conjugate in a sensitive microtitre-plate enzymeimmunoassay of progesterone in milk and its application to pregnancy testing in dairy cattle. Sauer, M.J., Foulkes, J.A., Worsfold, A., Morris, B.A. J. Reprod. Fertil. (1986) [Pubmed]
  14. A sensitive kinetic latex agglutination immunoassay adapted to centrifugal analysis. Lentrichia, B.B., Yeung, K.K. J. Immunol. Methods (1986) [Pubmed]
  15. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome complicated by peritonitis due to perforated appendicitis. Fujimoto, A., Osuga, Y., Yano, T., Kusumi, M., Kurosawa, T., Fujii, T., Taketani, Y. Hum. Reprod. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Continued occurrence of Accutane-exposed pregnancies. Honein, M.A., Paulozzi, L.J., Erickson, J.D. Teratology (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Pregnancy decision making as a significant life event: a commitment approach. Lydon, J., Dunkel-Schetter, C., Cohan, C.L., Pierce, T. Journal of personality and social psychology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  18. Stress level across stages of in vitro fertilization in subsequently pregnant and nonpregnant women. Boivin, J., Takefman, J.E. Fertil. Steril. (1995) [Pubmed]
  19. Tubal pregnancy with normal hysterosalpingogram and negative serum pregnancy test. Uribe, M.A., Dunn, R.C., Buttram, V.C. Obstetrics and gynecology. (1990) [Pubmed]
  20. False positive pregnancy tests in systemic lupus erythematosus. Wei, N., Wu, T., Klippel, J.H. J. Rheumatol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  21. Frequent false positive beta human chorionic gonadotropin tests in immunoglobulin A deficiency. Knight, A.K., Bingemann, T., Cole, L., Cunningham-Rundles, C. Clin. Exp. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  22. Low-dose aspirin in a short regimen as standard treatment in in vitro fertilization: a randomized, prospective study. Waldenström, U., Hellberg, D., Nilsson, S. Fertil. Steril. (2004) [Pubmed]
  23. Tubal conservation with ectopic gestations. A reappraisal. Starks, G. The American surgeon. (1984) [Pubmed]
  24. Inventions leading to the development of the diagnostic test kit industry--from the modern pregnancy test to the sandwich assays. Wide, L. Ups. J. Med. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
  25. Interference of exogenous HCG on pregnancy tests. Noci, I., Saltarelli, O., Coccia, E., Messo, A., Livi, C., Massi, G.B., Messeri, G. Acta Eur. Fertil. (1987) [Pubmed]
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