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MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Trismus


High impact information on Trismus


Chemical compound and disease context of Trismus


Anatomical context of Trismus


Gene context of Trismus

  • Trismus was evaluated as maximum interincisal distance (MID), determined before surgery and 1 and 5 days after surgery (MID0, MID1 and MID5 respectively) [19].
  • Trismus as a presenting symptom in nasopharyngeal carcinoma [20].
  • Masseter spasm occurred as sole sign in 21 families, of which 11 were MHS [21].
  • Other factors of importance were: an increase in the anterior depth of the mandible; a reduction in the distance between the occiput and the spinous process of C1, and to a lesser extent the C1-C2 interspinous gap; and reduced mobility of the mandible associated with temporo-mandibular joint arthritis or trismus [22].
  • Whilst blepharospasm--involuntary bilateral eye closure--is produced by spasmodic contractions of the orbicularis oculi muscles, oromandibular dystonia may cause jaw closure with trismus and bruxism, or involuntary jaw opening or deviation, interfering with speaking and chewing [23].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Trismus


  1. Dental and maxillofacial abnormalities in long-term survivors of childhood cancer: effects of treatment with chemotherapy and radiation to the head and neck. Jaffe, N., Toth, B.B., Hoar, R.E., Ried, H.L., Sullivan, M.P., McNeese, M.D. Pediatrics (1984) [Pubmed]
  2. Suxamethonium, masseter spasm and later malignant hyperthermia. Ramirez, J.A., Cheetham, E.D., Laurence, A.S., Hopkins, P.M. Anaesthesia. (1998) [Pubmed]
  3. Response to succinylcholine in porcine malignant hyperthermia. Iaizzo, P.A., Wedel, D.J. Anesth. Analg. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Williams syndrome: masseter spasm during anaesthesia. Patel, J., Harrison, M.J. Anaesthesia. (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. Cricothyrotomy in the emergency department. McGill, J., Clinton, J.E., Ruiz, E. Annals of emergency medicine. (1982) [Pubmed]
  6. Recurrent trismus and stridor in an ALS patient: successful treatment with botulinum toxin. Winterholler, M.G., Heckmann, J.G., Hecht, M., Erbguth, F.J. Neurology (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. Reduction of postoperative pain and swelling by ultrasound treatment: a placebo effect. Hashish, I., Hai, H.K., Harvey, W., Feinmann, C., Harris, M. Pain (1988) [Pubmed]
  8. Skeletal and pigment cell defects in the lockjaw mutant reveal multiple roles for zebrafish tfap2a in neural crest development. Knight, R.D., Javidan, Y., Nelson, S., Zhang, T., Schilling, T. Dev. Dyn. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Succinylcholine and trismus. Berry, F.A., Lynch, C. Anesthesiology (1989) [Pubmed]
  10. Increased incidence of masseter spasm in children with strabismus anesthetized with halothane and succinylcholine. Carroll, J.B. Anesthesiology (1987) [Pubmed]
  11. Implications of masseter spasm after succinylcholine. Donlon, J.V., Newfield, P., Sreter, F., Ryan, J.F. Anesthesiology (1978) [Pubmed]
  12. Masseter spasm after suxamethonium. Meakin, G. British journal of anaesthesia. (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Prolonged apnoea, trismus and ketamine. Jahangir, S.M., Rahman, K. Anaesthesia. (1991) [Pubmed]
  14. Masseter spasm after pancuronium. Polta, T.A., Hanisch, E.C., Nasser, J.G., Ramsborg, G.C., Roelofs, R.I. Anesth. Analg. (1980) [Pubmed]
  15. Fatal serotonin syndrome with trismus. Kuisma, M.J. Annals of emergency medicine. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Succinylcholine-triggered masseter spasm in a patient with trigeminal nerve palsy. Baraka, A., Muallem, M., Karam, H. Anesth. Analg. (1986) [Pubmed]
  17. Comparison of the effects of 2 doses of methylprednisolone on pain, swelling, and trismus after third molar surgery. UStün, Y., Erdogan, O., Esen, E., Karsli, E.D. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics. (2003) [Pubmed]
  18. Bilateral peritonsillar abscesses: not your usual sore throat. Fasano, C.J., Chudnofsky, C., Vanderbeek, P. The Journal of emergency medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Trismus and pain after removal of a lower third molar. Effects of raising a mucoperiosteal flap. García García, A., Gude Sampedro, F., Gallas Torrella, M., Gándara Vila, P., Madriñán-Graña, P., Gándara-Rey, J.M. Medicina oral : órgano oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Oral y de la Academia Iberoamericana de Patología y Medicina Bucal. (2001) [Pubmed]
  20. Trismus as a presenting symptom in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Ozyar, E., Cengiz, M., Gurkaynak, M., Atahan, I.L. Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  21. Investigation of malignant hyperthermia in Denmark and Sweden. Ording, H., Ranklev, E., Fletcher, R. British journal of anaesthesia. (1984) [Pubmed]
  22. Anatomical factors in difficult direct laryngoscopy. White, A., Kander, P.L. British journal of anaesthesia. (1975) [Pubmed]
  23. Botulinum toxin in blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia: comparing different botulinum toxin preparations. Bhidayasiri, R., Cardoso, F., Truong, D.D. Eur. J. Neurol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  24. Le Fort III distraction osteogenesis in syndromal craniosynostosis. Meling, T.R., Hans-Erik, H., Per, S., Due-Tonnessen, B.J. The Journal of craniofacial surgery. (2006) [Pubmed]
  25. Inflammatory hypersensitivity in a rat model of trigeminal neuropathic pain. Anderson, L.C., Vakoula, A., Veinote, R. Arch. Oral Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  26. Relief of pain and trismus in patients treated with naproxen or acetylsalicylic acid after tonsillectomy. Kristensen, S., Tveteraas, K., Hein, P., Poulsen, H.B., Outzen, K.E. The Journal of laryngology and otology. (1988) [Pubmed]
  27. A pilot study of pentoxifylline in the treatment of radiation-induced trismus. Chua, D.T., Lo, C., Yuen, J., Foo, Y.C. Am. J. Clin. Oncol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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