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MeSH Review

Open Bite

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Disease relevance of Open Bite


High impact information on Open Bite

  • The adult open-bite group showed a weaker occlusal force and a shorter range of condylar motion compared with the control subjects [6].
  • Peptide histidine methionine induced a significant increase in the maximal CCP obtained in nonocclusion, and the time interval until return of CCP to steady state levels was increased in both aortic nonocclusion and occlusion [7].
  • The clinical examination included registration of decayed, extracted and filled teeth and surfaces (deft and defs), gingival bleeding points (GBI) and presence of open bite or crossbite [8].
  • BACKGROUND: Mandible advancement osteotomy in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis patients for class II anterior open-bite malocclusion is controversial; however, there is no literature discussing outcomes of surgery in this group of patients [9].
  • The study group comprised 16 consecutively treated open-bite cases who had received special titanium miniplates in their zygomatic bones for use as anchorage to apply orthodontic intrusive forces to the maxillary posterior region [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Open Bite

  • This article reports the successful treatment of a severe skeletal anterior open-bite case using titanium screw anchorage [11].
  • Steroid-induced anterior open bite. Case report [12].
  • This investigation examined the magnetic flux and repulsive force of neodymium-iron-boron (Nd-Fe-B) magnets used in repulsion in the treatment of anterior open bite [13].
  • After 5 minutes of occlusion (Orahesive Oral Bandages, ConvaTec) with a eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA cream, Astra), nociceptive pinprick thresholds on the tongue and gingiva are higher than those taken during nonocclusion [14].

Biological context of Open Bite

  • It is suggested that the frequent association of anterior open-bite and amelogenesis imperfecta is caused by a genetically determined anomaly of craniofacial development, rather than by local factors influencing alveolar growth [15].
  • The phenotype associated with the g.13185_13186insAG ENAM mutation is dose dependent such that ARAI with openbite malocclusion segregates as a recessive trait, and enamel pitting as a dominant trait [16].

Anatomical context of Open Bite


Gene context of Open Bite

  • Nine adult open bite patients (7 women and 2 men) successfully treated with SAS were included in the following study [20].
  • Mediotrusion interferences were more consistent with basal morphological deviations, for example, Class III relationships and anterior open bite were more consistent in the same person, and more difficult to eliminate than RCP/ICP interferences [21].
  • Totally asymptomatic controls were characterized by a lack of anterior open bite, small symmetric RCP-ICP slides (greater than 0 less than 1 mm), and bilateral occlusal contact in RCP [22].
  • Maxillary overjet accounted for 13%, deep bite 13%, dental midline displacement 6%, frontal openbite 12% and anterior crossbite 5% [23].
  • Orthodontic treatment of an open bite patient with oral-facial-digital syndrome [24].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Open Bite


  1. Occlusion, Orthodontic treatment, and temporomandibular disorders: a review. McNamara, J.A., Seligman, D.A., Okeson, J.P. Journal of orofacial pain. (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. Unusual oral findings in dermatosparaxis (Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIIC). De Coster, P.J., Malfait, F., Martens, L.C., De Paepe, A. J. Oral Pathol. Med. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Effect of orthognathic surgery on the temporomandibular joint in patients with anterior open bite. Aghabeigi, B., Hiranaka, D., Keith, D.A., Kelly, J.P., Crean, S.J. The International journal of adult orthodontics and orthognathic surgery. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Arthroscopic punch for definitive diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. Case report and pathology review. Moses, J.J., Hosaka, H. Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. Temporalis and masseter muscle activity in patients with anterior open bite and craniomandibular disorders. Bakke, M., Michler, L. Scandinavian journal of dental research. (1991) [Pubmed]
  6. Occlusal force and condylar motion in patients with anterior open bite. Miyawaki, S., Araki, Y., Tanimoto, Y., Katayama, A., Fujii, A., Imai, M., Takano-Yamamoto, T. J. Dent. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Effects of vasoactive intestinal peptide, peptide histidine methionine, and neuropeptide Y on intracavernous pressure in the rabbit. Kirkeby, H.J., Lundbech, P.E., Djurhuus, J.C., Forman, A. Urology (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. Dental health and parental attitudes in Finnish immigrant preschoolchildren in the north of Sweden. Ekman, A., Holm, A.K., Schelin, B., Gustafsson, L. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. (1981) [Pubmed]
  9. Orthognathic surgery in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis patients. Leshem, D., Tompson, B., Britto, J.A., Forrest, C.R., Phillips, J.H. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (2006) [Pubmed]
  10. Apical root resorption of maxillary first molars after intrusion with zygomatic skeletal anchorage. Ari-Demirkaya, A., Masry, M.A., Erverdi, N. The Angle orthodontist. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Severe anterior open-bite case treated using titanium screw anchorage. Kuroda, S., Katayama, A., Takano-Yamamoto, T. The Angle orthodontist. (2004) [Pubmed]
  12. Steroid-induced anterior open bite. Case report. Acton, C.H. Australian dental journal. (1986) [Pubmed]
  13. The physical properties and behavior of magnets used in the treatment of anterior open bite. Noar, J.H., Shell, N., Hunt, N.P. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics. (1996) [Pubmed]
  14. Oral mucosal analgesia quantitatively assessed by argon laser-induced thresholds and single-evoked vertex potentials. Svensson, P., Arendt-Nielsen, L., Bjerring, P., Kaaber, S. Anesthesia & pain control in dentistry. (1993) [Pubmed]
  15. An investigation of the association between anterior open-bite and amelogenesis imperfecta. Rowley, R., Hill, F.J., Winter, G.B. American journal of orthodontics. (1982) [Pubmed]
  16. Novel ENAM mutation responsible for autosomal recessive amelogenesis imperfecta and localised enamel defects. Hart, T.C., Hart, P.S., Gorry, M.C., Michalec, M.D., Ryu, O.H., Uygur, C., Ozdemir, D., Firatli, S., Aren, G., Firatli, E. J. Med. Genet. (2003) [Pubmed]
  17. Facial morphology and obstructive sleep apnea. Lowe, A.A., Santamaria, J.D., Fleetham, J.A., Price, C. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics. (1986) [Pubmed]
  18. The influence of neuropeptides, serotonin, and interleukin 1beta on temporomandibular joint pain and inflammation. Kopp, S. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. (1998) [Pubmed]
  19. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction and occlusion in the mixed and permanent dentition. Sari, S., Sonmez, H., Oray, G.O., Camdeviren, H. The Journal of clinical pediatric dentistry. (1999) [Pubmed]
  20. Treatment and posttreatment dentoalveolar changes following intrusion of mandibular molars with application of a skeletal anchorage system (SAS) for open bite correction. Sugawara, J., Baik, U.B., Umemori, M., Takahashi, I., Nagasaka, H., Kawamura, H., Mitani, H. The International journal of adult orthodontics and orthognathic surgery. (2002) [Pubmed]
  21. Occlusal interferences in orthodontic patients before and after treatment, and in subjects with minor orthodontic treatment need. Olsson, M., Lindqvist, B. European journal of orthodontics. (2002) [Pubmed]
  22. Association of occlusal variables among refined TM patient diagnostic groups. Seligman, D.A., Pullinger, A.G. Journal of craniomandibular disorders : facial & oral pain. (1989) [Pubmed]
  23. Malocclusion in children aged 3-6 years in Nairobi, Kenya. Kabue, M.M., Moracha, J.K., Ng'ang'a, P.M. East African medical journal. (1995) [Pubmed]
  24. Orthodontic treatment of an open bite patient with oral-facial-digital syndrome. Nagahara, K., Miyajima, K., Nakamura, S., Iizuka, T. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics. (1996) [Pubmed]
  25. Occlusal therapy to correct apertognathia after mandibular osteotomy. Sutcher, H., Andria, L. General dentistry. (1985) [Pubmed]
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