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Chemical Compound Review

Neodymium-147     neodymium

Synonyms: AC1L3G2E, 147Nd, Neodymium, isotope of mass 147
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Disease relevance of neodymium


High impact information on neodymium


Chemical compound and disease context of neodymium


Biological context of neodymium


Anatomical context of neodymium

  • Choroidal detachment, flat anterior chamber, and hypotony as complications of neodymium: YAG laser cyclophotocoagulation [19].
  • The effect of neodymium: YAG laser capsulotomy on aqueous humor dynamics in the monkey eye [20].
  • To study the site of origin of epithelial regeneration in the urinary bladder after surgical denudation, we completely obliterated the bladder mucosa in 17 dogs, using the neodymium: YAG laser [21].
  • A neodymium: YAG (Nd:YAG) laser was used to remove the membranes from the anterior of the IOL in all the seven cases [22].
  • PURPOSE: We studied the safety and efficacy of core through urethrotomy with the neodymium (Nd):YAG laser for posttraumatic obliterative strictures of the bulbomembranous urethra [23].

Associations of neodymium with other chemical compounds


Gene context of neodymium

  • The quantum yield of the primary photoprocess in light-adapted bacteriorhodopsin (phi 1) was determined at room temperature with low-intensity 530 nm neodymium laser excitation, with bovine rhodopsin as a relative actinometer [29].
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were tested with the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-Hue Test without (controls) and with laser eye protection devices for carbon dioxide, potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP), neodymium (Nd):YAG and holmium:YAG lasers [30].
  • The left eye of a 25-year-old patient with high myopia was treated prophylactically with neodymium: YAG (Nd: YAG) laser iridotomy prior to phakic IOL implantation [31].
  • Thirty people with classical or definite rheumatoid arthritis received laser exposure to a Q-switch neodymium laser that operated at 1.06 micrometer with an output of 15 joules/cm2 for 30 nsec [32].
  • Both fingers were first exposed to sham magnets, and then the 2nd finger was exposed alternately to north and south poles of a neodymium magnet that produced a field of 4024 G at the palmar part of the finger and a field of 879 +/- 52 G at the site of finger dorsum SBF measurement [33].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of neodymium


  1. Argon vs. neodymium YAG laser photocoagulation of experimental canine gastric ulcers. Silverstein, F.E., Protell, R.L., Gilbert, D.A., Gulacsik, C., Auth, D.C., Dennis, M.B., Rubin, C.E. Gastroenterology (1979) [Pubmed]
  2. Epicardial neodymium. YAG laser photocoagulation of ventricular tachycardia without ventriculotomy in patients after myocardial infarction. Pfeiffer, D., Moosdorf, R., Svenson, R.H., Littmann, L., Grimm, W., Kirchhoff, P.G., Lüderitz, B. Circulation (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Endoscopic treatment for bleeding peptic ulcers: randomised comparison of adrenaline injection and adrenaline injection + Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation. Loizou, L.A., Bown, S.G. Gut (1991) [Pubmed]
  4. Nd-YAG laser photoablation of sessile villous and tubular adenomas of the colorectum. Low, D.E., Kozarek, R.A., Ball, T.J., Ryan, J.A. Ann. Surg. (1988) [Pubmed]
  5. Long term results of treatment of vascular malformations of the gastrointestinal tract by neodymium Yag laser photocoagulation. Rutgeerts, P., Van Gompel, F., Geboes, K., Vantrappen, G., Broeckaert, L., Coremans, G. Gut (1985) [Pubmed]
  6. Interstitial hyperthermia of colorectal liver metastases with a US-guided Nd-YAG laser with a diffuser tip: a pilot clinical study. Nolsøe, C.P., Torp-Pedersen, S., Burcharth, F., Horn, T., Pedersen, S., Christensen, N.E., Olldag, E.S., Andersen, P.H., Karstrup, S., Lorentzen, T. Radiology. (1993) [Pubmed]
  7. Solitary plasmacytoma of the trachea treated by loop resection and laser therapy. Kairalla, R.A., Carvalho, C.R., Parada, A.A., Alves, V.A., Saldiva, P.H. Thorax (1988) [Pubmed]
  8. Neodymium yttrium aluminum garnet laser treatment of hemobilia via a percutaneous biliary catheter track. Carpenter, C.M., Bowers, J.H., Luers, P.R., Dixon, J.A., Miller, F.J. Radiology. (1983) [Pubmed]
  9. Temperature-sensitive aspects of evoked and spontaneous transmitter release at the frog neuromuscular junction. Barrett, E.F., Barrett, J.N., Botz, D., Chang, D.B., Mahaffey, D. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1978) [Pubmed]
  10. Holmium: YAG laser prostatectomy canine feasibility study. Kabalin, J.N. Lasers in surgery and medicine. (1996) [Pubmed]
  11. Inhibition of bacterial attachment by pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiations: an in vitro study using marine biofilm-forming bacterium Pseudoalteromonas carrageenovora. Nandakumar, K., Obika, H., Shinozaki, T., Ooie, T., Utsumi, A., Yano, T. Biotechnol. Bioeng. (2002) [Pubmed]
  12. Effect of the lanthanides, lanthanum and neodymium on the heat resistance of Bacillus cereus spores. Bulman, R.A., Stretton, R.J. Microbios (1975) [Pubmed]
  13. Immunologically induced peliosis hepatis in rats. Husztik, E., Lázár, G., Szabó, E. British journal of experimental pathology. (1984) [Pubmed]
  14. Mid-term effects of neodymium: YAG transscleral cyclocoagulation in glaucoma. Trope, G.E., Ma, S. Ophthalmology (1990) [Pubmed]
  15. Single-mode direct-ultraviolet-written channel waveguide laser in neodymium-doped silica on silicon. Guilhot, D.A., Emmerson, G.D., Gawith, C.B., Watts, S.P., Shepherd, D.P., Williams, R.B., Smith, P.G. Optics letters. (2004) [Pubmed]
  16. The effect of neodymium: YAG capsulotomy on contrast sensitivity and the evaluation of methods for its assessment. Tan, J.C., Spalton, D.J., Arden, G.B. Ophthalmology (1999) [Pubmed]
  17. Efficacy and safety of the Nd:YAG laser in canine partial nephrectomy. Benderev, T.V., Schaeffer, A.J. J. Urol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  18. Laser scalpel for solid organ surgery. Durtschi, M.B., Stothert, J.C., Ashleman, B., Auth, D.C., Lee, M.J., Heimbach, D.M., Carrico, C.J. Am. J. Surg. (1980) [Pubmed]
  19. Choroidal detachment, flat anterior chamber, and hypotony as complications of neodymium: YAG laser cyclophotocoagulation. Maus, M., Katz, L.J. Ophthalmology (1990) [Pubmed]
  20. The effect of neodymium: YAG laser capsulotomy on aqueous humor dynamics in the monkey eye. Lynch, M.G., Quigley, H.A., Green, W.R., Pollack, I.P., Robin, A.L. Ophthalmology (1986) [Pubmed]
  21. Regeneration of the canine urinary bladder mucosa after complete surgical denudation. Wishnow, K.I., Johnson, D.E., Grignon, D.J., Cromeens, D.M., Ayala, A.G. J. Urol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  22. Neodymium: YAG membranectomy for pupillary membranes on posterior chamber intraocular lenses. Gandham, S.B., Brown, R.H., Katz, L.J., Lynch, M.G. Ophthalmology (1995) [Pubmed]
  23. Core through urethrotomy with the neodymium:YAG laser for posttraumatic obliterative strictures of the bulbomembranous urethra. Dogra, P.N., Aron, M., Rajeev, T.P. J. Urol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  24. A new model to study quantitative effects of laser angioplasty on human atherosclerotic plaque. Shelton, M.E., Hoxworth, B., Shelton, J.A., Virmani, R., Friesinger, G.C. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  25. Inhibition of rat liver catechol-O-methyltransferase by lanthanum. neodymium and europium. Quiram, D.R., Weinshilboum, R.M. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  26. Contact laser or conventional cholecystectomy: a controlled trial. Steger, A.C., Moore, K.M., Hira, N. The British journal of surgery. (1988) [Pubmed]
  27. Effect of pilocarpine in treatment of intraocular pressure elevation following neodymium: YAG laser posterior capsulotomy. Brown, S.V., Thomas, J.V., Belcher, C.D., Simmons, R.J. Ophthalmology (1985) [Pubmed]
  28. In vitro laser ablation of natural marine biofilms. Nandakumar, K., Obika, H., Utsumi, A., Ooie, T., Yano, T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  29. The quantum efficiency of the bacteriorhodopsin photocycle. Goldschmidt, C.R., Kalisky, O., Rosenfeld, T., Ottolenghi, M. Biophys. J. (1977) [Pubmed]
  30. Color vision deficits and laser eyewear protection for soft tissue laser applications. Teichman, J.M., Vassar, G.J., Yates, J.T., Angle, B.N., Johnson, A.J., Dirks, M.S., Thompson, I.M. J. Urol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  31. Lens opacity after neodymium: YAG laser iridectomy for phakic intraocular lens implantation. Zadok, D., Chayet, A. Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. (1999) [Pubmed]
  32. Laser therapy of rheumatoid arthritis. Goldman, J.A., Chiapella, J., Casey, H., Bass, N., Graham, J., McClatchey, W., Dronavalli, R.V., Brown, R., Bennett, W.J., Miller, S.B., Wilson, C.H., Pearson, B., Haun, C., Persinski, L., Huey, H., Muckerheide, M. Lasers in surgery and medicine. (1980) [Pubmed]
  33. Effects of a static magnetic field of either polarity on skin microcirculation. Mayrovitz, H.N., Groseclose, E.E. Microvasc. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  34. Neodymium: YAG laser damage threshold. A comparison of injection-molded and lathe-cut polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lenses. Wilson, S.E., Brubaker, R.F. Ophthalmology (1987) [Pubmed]
  35. Randomized trial of laser scalpel for modified radical mastectomy. Wyman, A., Rogers, K. The British journal of surgery. (1993) [Pubmed]
  36. Re: Laser prostatectomy performed with right angle firing neodymium: YAG laser fiber at 40 watts power setting. Kabalin, J.N., Bite, G. J. Urol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  37. Histopathology of neodymium: YAG laser iridectomy in humans. Rodrigues, M.M., Spaeth, G.L., Moster, M., Thomas, G., Hackett, J. Ophthalmology (1985) [Pubmed]
  38. Sexual Function of LUTS Patients Before and After Neodymium Laser Prostatectomy and Transurethral Resection of Prostate. A Prospective, Randomized Trial. Seftel, A. J. Urol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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