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MeSH Review

Cellular Phone

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Disease relevance of Cellular Phone


Psychiatry related information on Cellular Phone


High impact information on Cellular Phone

  • Lack of mutation induction with exposure to 1.5 GHz electromagnetic near fields used for cellular phones in brains of Big Blue mice [3].
  • METHODS: In 39 patients with an implanted pacemaker (14 dual-chamber [DDD], 8 atrial-synchronized ventricular-inhibited [VDD(R)] and 17 ventricular-inhibited [VVI(R)] pacemakers), four mobile phones with different levels of power output (2 and 8 W) were tested in the standby, dialing and operating mode [4].
  • CONCLUSION: Digital cellular telephones do not represent a risk to Medtronic and Guidant/CPI recipients of the specific implantable defibrillator models herein tested [5].
  • EM field induction of the stress protein hsp70 may also provide a useful biomarker for establishing a science-based safety standard for the design of cell phones and their transmission towers [6].
  • Melatonin circadian profile was not disrupted in 37 young male volunteers submitted to a typical pattern of exposure to the electromagnetic fields generated by two common types of cell phones [7].

Biological context of Cellular Phone

  • This EMF-induced decrease in HSP70 levels and resulting decline in cytoprotection suggests a mechanism by which daily exposure (such as might be experienced by mobile phone users) could enhance the probability of cancer and other diseases [8].
  • The rapid induction of hsp70 within minutes, by a non-thermal stress, together with identified components of signal transduction pathways, provide sensitive and reliable biomarkers that could serve as the basis for realistic mobile phone safety guidelines [9].
  • In conclusion, melatonin and CAPE reduce retinal oxidative stress after long-term exposure to 900 MHz emitting mobile phone [10].
  • In addition, two further assays measured the recombinogenic effect of mobile phone fields to detect possible effects on genomic stability: First, an intrachromosomal, deletion-formation assay previously developed for genotoxic screening; and second, an intragenic recombination assay in the ADE2 gene [11].
  • These results indicate that acute exposure to radiofrequency fields of commercially available cellular phones may modulate the oxidative stress of free radicals by enhancing lipid peroxidation and reducing the activation of SOD and GSH-Px, which are free radical scavengers [12].

Anatomical context of Cellular Phone


Associations of Cellular Phone with chemical compounds

  • Microwave radiation from cellular phones increases allergen-specific IgE production [15].
  • To study this potential relationship in more detail, tube-restrained immobilized Fischer 344 rats were exposed in the near field in a dose-dependent manner to pulse-modulated (11 packets/s) digital cell phone microwave fields at 1.6 GHz in accordance with the Iridium protocol [16].
  • There was also a linear trend of decreasing mean nocturnal 6-OHMS/creatinine concentrations (p=0.02) and overnight 6-OHMS excretion (p=0.08) across categories of increasing cellular telephone use [17].
  • The PTM contains a one-box blood glucose meter and electronic logbook, a modem and a dial-up or cellular phone set [18].
  • A novel antioxidant agent caffeic acid phenethyl ester prevents long-term mobile phone exposure-induced renal impairment in rat. Prognostic value of malondialdehyde, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase and nitric oxide determination [19].

Gene context of Cellular Phone

  • Fluctuation tests failed to detect any significant effect of mobile phone fields on forward mutation rates at CAN1, on the frequency of petite formation, on rates of intrachromosomal deletion formation, or on rates of intragenic recombination in the absence or presence of the genotoxic agent methyl methansulfonate [11].
  • In this study, the increase in MDA levels of renal tissue and in urine NAG and also the decrease in renal SOD, CAT, GSH-Px activities demonstrated the role of oxidative mechanism induced by 900-MHz mobile phone exposure, and melatonin, via its free radical scavenging and antioxidant properties, ameliorated oxidative tissue injury in rat kidney [20].
  • Also, mobile phone exposure caused transient changes in the protein expression levels of hsp27 and p38MAPK [14].
  • The expression of c-fos was not significantly elevated in the brains of mice until exposure levels exceeded six times the peak dose and 30 times the whole body average dose as maximal cellular telephone exposure limits in humans [21].
  • Effects of mobile phone radiation on UV-induced skin tumourigenesis in ornithine decarboxylase transgenic and non-transgenic mice [22].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Cellular Phone

  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of radiofrequency radiation emitted from cellular phones on the lipid composition, malondialdehyde concentration, p53 immune reactivity, sperm count, morphology, histological structure of testes, and on rectal temperature of rats exposed to microwave radiation emitted from cellular phones [23].
  • Three lead EKG, heart rate, BP, arterial oxygen saturation, end tidal CO2, respiratory rate body temperature and real time video images were collected from a passenger and transmitted to each facility from the aircraft via the Internet. Access to the Internet was gained via the cellular phone aboard the aircraft [24].


  1. "Mobile phone sign" in early vitamin B12 deficiency. Kozak, N., Schattner, A. QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians. (2006) [Pubmed]
  2. Effects of fexofenadine and hydroxyzine on brake reaction time during car-driving with cellular phone use. Tashiro, M., Horikawa, E., Mochizuki, H., Sakurada, Y., Kato, M., Inokuchi, T., Ridout, F., Hindmarch, I., Yanai, K. Human psychopharmacology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Lack of mutation induction with exposure to 1.5 GHz electromagnetic near fields used for cellular phones in brains of Big Blue mice. Takahashi, S., Inaguma, S., Cho, Y.M., Imaida, K., Wang, J., Fujiwara, O., Shirai, T. Cancer Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Intermittent pacemaker dysfunction caused by digital mobile telephones. Naegeli, B., Osswald, S., Deola, M., Burkart, F. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. In-vivo testing of digital cellular telephones in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Chiladakis, J.A., Davlouros, P., Agelopoulos, G., Manolis, A.S. Eur. Heart J. (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. Insights into electromagnetic interaction mechanisms. Goodman, R., Blank, M. J. Cell. Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. Evaluation in humans of the effects of radiocellular telephones on the circadian patterns of melatonin secretion, a chronobiological rhythm marker. de Seze, R., Ayoub, J., Peray, P., Miro, L., Touitou, Y. J. Pineal Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
  8. Chronic electromagnetic field exposure decreases HSP70 levels and lowers cytoprotection. Di Carlo, A., White, N., Guo, F., Garrett, P., Litovitz, T. J. Cell. Biochem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Effects of mobile phone radiation on reproduction and development in Drosophila melanogaster. Weisbrot, D., Lin, H., Ye, L., Blank, M., Goodman, R. J. Cell. Biochem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  10. Protective effects of melatonin and caffeic acid phenethyl ester against retinal oxidative stress in long-term use of mobile phone: a comparative study. Ozguner, F., Bardak, Y., Comlekci, S. Mol. Cell. Biochem. (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. No mutagenic or recombinogenic effects of mobile phone fields at 900 MHz detected in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Gos, P., Eicher, B., Kohli, J., Heyer, W.D. Bioelectromagnetics. (2000) [Pubmed]
  12. Effects of acute exposure to the radiofrequency fields of cellular phones on plasma lipid peroxide and antioxidase activities in human erythrocytes. Moustafa, Y.M., Moustafa, R.M., Belacy, A., Abou-El-Ela, S.H., Ali, F.M. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. (2001) [Pubmed]
  13. TP53 tumor suppressor protein in normal human fibroblasts does not respond to 837 MHz microwave exposure. Li, J.R., Chou, C.K., McDougall, J.A., Dasgupta, G., Wu, H.H., Ren, R.L., Lee, A., Han, J., Momand, J. Radiat. Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
  14. Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in human endothelial cells: molecular mechanism for cancer- and blood-brain barrier-related effects. Leszczynski, D., Joenväärä, S., Reivinen, J., Kuokka, R. Differentiation (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. Microwave radiation from cellular phones increases allergen-specific IgE production. Kimata, H. Allergy (2005) [Pubmed]
  16. Effect of immobilization and concurrent exposure to a pulse-modulated microwave field on core body temperature, plasma ACTH and corticosteroid, and brain ornithine decarboxylase, Fos and Jun mRNA. Stagg, R.B., Hawel, L.H., Pastorian, K., Cain, C., Adey, W.R., Byus, C.V. Radiat. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Melatonin metabolite excretion among cellular telephone users. Burch, J.B., Reif, J.S., Noonan, C.W., Ichinose, T., Bachand, A.M., Koleber, T.L., Yost, M.G. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. Teletransmission system supporting intensive insulin treatment of out-clinic type 1 diabetic pregnant women. Technical assessment during 3 years' application. Ladyzyński, P., Wójcicki, J.M., Krzymień, J., Blachowicz, J., Jóźwicka, E., Czajkowski, K., Janczewska, E., Karnafel, W. The International journal of artificial organs. (2001) [Pubmed]
  19. A novel antioxidant agent caffeic acid phenethyl ester prevents long-term mobile phone exposure-induced renal impairment in rat. Prognostic value of malondialdehyde, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase and nitric oxide determination. Ozguner, F., Oktem, F., Ayata, A., Koyu, A., Yilmaz, H.R. Mol. Cell. Biochem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  20. Oxidative damage in the kidney induced by 900-MHz-emitted mobile phone: protection by melatonin. Oktem, F., Ozguner, F., Mollaoglu, H., Koyu, A., Uz, E. Arch. Med. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  21. IRIDIUM exposure increases c-fos expression in the mouse brain only at levels which likely result in tissue heating. Morrissey, J.J., Raney, S., Heasley, E., Rathinavelu, P., Dauphinee, M., Fallon, J.H. Neuroscience (1999) [Pubmed]
  22. Effects of mobile phone radiation on UV-induced skin tumourigenesis in ornithine decarboxylase transgenic and non-transgenic mice. Heikkinen, P., Kosma, V.M., Alhonen, L., Huuskonen, H., Komulainen, H., Kumlin, T., Laitinen, J.T., Lang, S., Puranen, L., Juutilainen, J. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Whole body exposure of rats to microwaves emitted from a cell phone does not affect the testes. Dasdag, S., Zulkuf Akdag, M., Aksen, F., Yilmaz, F., Bashan, M., Mutlu Dasdag, M., Salih Celik, M. Bioelectromagnetics. (2003) [Pubmed]
  24. In-flight continuous vital signs telemetry via the Internet. Gandsas, A., Montgomery, K., McKenas, D., Altrudi, R., Silva, Y. Aviation, space, and environmental medicine. (2000) [Pubmed]
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