The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Hemiptera


High impact information on Hemiptera

  • We have cloned the Krüppel homolog from the milkweed bug, Oncopeltus fasciatus (Hemiptera, Lygaeidae), an intermediate germband insect [3].
  • Functional analyses in the milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus (Hemiptera) support a role for Wnt signaling in body segmentation but not appendage development [4].
  • Here we report functional analyses of orthologues of the genes Distal-less, dachshund, and homothorax in the appendages of the milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus (Hemiptera) [5].
  • Analysis of the evolutionary distribution shows that arthrin has evolved a limited number of times but at least once in the Diptera and once in the Hemiptera [6].
  • Thus, not only the ubiquitination of actin but also the site of the isopeptide bond has evolved convergently in Diptera and Hemiptera [6].

Chemical compound and disease context of Hemiptera


Biological context of Hemiptera


Anatomical context of Hemiptera


Associations of Hemiptera with chemical compounds

  • We also find retinal (R1) in Hemiptera (suborder Homoptera), Mecoptera, and Trichoptera, groups previously thought to have only R3 [17].
  • In addition to groups already known to have R3, we find this retinoid in Hemiptera (suborder Heteroptera), Plecoptera, Megaloptera, and Hymenoptera [17].
  • The results indicate that partitioning of ingested carbon between excretion and metabolism in whiteflies is highly regulated, probably involving multiple forms of alpha-glucosidase that facilitate a separation of the processes involved in the metabolic utilization of sucrose from those involved in excretion of excess carbohydrate [18].
  • Two peptides related to locust adipokinetic hormone and crustacean red pigment concentrating hormone were isolated by high performance liquid chromatography from the cicadas Cacama valavata and Diceroprocta semicincta [19].
  • The male-produced sex pheromone of the red-shouldered stink bug, Thyanta pallidovirens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) consists of a blend of methyl (E2,Z4,Z6)-decatrienoate (E2,Z4,Z6-10:COOMe), and the sesquiterpenes (+)-alpha-curcumene, (-)-zingiberene, and (-)-beta-sesquiphellandrene [20].

Gene context of Hemiptera

  • This difference in pb expression reflects an apparent divergence in the specification of gnathal identity between mandibulate and stylate-haustellate mouthparts, which may result from a "phylogenetic homeosis" that occurred during the evolution of the Hemiptera [21].
  • We have cloned partial cDNAs of two engrailed homologues, which we call engrailed-related genes, from the phylogenetically basal insect, Thermobia domestica (Order Thysanura) and possibly as many as four engrailed-related genes from the phylogenetically intermediate insect, Oncopeltus fasciatus (Order Hemiptera) [22].
  • Evidence for the presence of trpB in the endosymbionts of eight additional species of aphids and two species of whiteflies was obtained [23].
  • Its presence in the leafhoppers Hishimonoides sellatiformis and Hishimonus sellatus, vectors of mulberry dwarf-Phytoplasma, was confirmed by the PCR analysis of 16S rDNA, ftsZ and wsp [24].
  • A cDNA clone encoding a GST (nlgst1-1) - the first reported GST sequence from Hemiptera with up to 54% deduced amino-acid identity with other insect class I GSTs - was isolated from a pyrethroid-resistant strain [25].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Hemiptera


  1. Toxicity of fenitrothion, an organophosphorus pesticide, against summer population of sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps Put. (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae). Bandani, A.R., Alizadeh, M., Talebi, K. Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Action of bendiocarb against triatomine (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) vectors of Chagas' disease. Sherlock, I.A., Piesman, J., Guitton, N. J. Med. Entomol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  3. Kruppel is a gap gene in the intermediate germband insect Oncopeltus fasciatus and is required for development of both blastoderm and germband-derived segments. Liu, P.Z., Kaufman, T.C. Development (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Functional analyses in the milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus (Hemiptera) support a role for Wnt signaling in body segmentation but not appendage development. Angelini, D.R., Kaufman, T.C. Dev. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Functional analyses in the hemipteran Oncopeltus fasciatus reveal conserved and derived aspects of appendage patterning in insects. Angelini, D.R., Kaufman, T.C. Dev. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. Molecular evolutionary convergence of the flight muscle protein arthrin in Diptera and hemiptera. Schmitz, S., Schankin, C.J., Prinz, H., Curwen, R.S., Ashton, P.D., Caves, L.S., Fink, R.H., Sparrow, J.C., Mayhew, P.J., Veigel, C. Mol. Biol. Evol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Movement, toxicity, and persistence of imidacloprid in seedling Tabasco pepper infested with Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Diaz, F.J., McLeod, P. J. Econ. Entomol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Toxicity of sucrose octanoate to egg, nymphal, and adult Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) using a novel plant-based bioassay. McKenzie, C.L., Weathersbee, A.A., Puterka, G.J. J. Econ. Entomol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Expression of a functional antibody fragment in the gut of Rhodnius prolixus via transgenic bacterial symbiont Rhodococcus rhodnii. Durvasula, R.V., Gumbs, A., Panackal, A., Kruglov, O., Taneja, J., Kang, A.S., Cordon-Rosales, C., Richards, F.F., Whitham, R.G., Beard, C.B. Med. Vet. Entomol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Toxicity of nicotine derivatives and their effect on the protein pattern of 4th immature stage of red cotton stainer Dysdercus koenigii (Fabr) (Hemiptera: Pyrrochoridae). Rizvi, S.W., Ahmed, I., Zaidi, R.H., Naqvi, S.N. Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences. (1990) [Pubmed]
  11. Biochemical study of resistance to imidacloprid in B biotype Bemisia tabaci from Guatemala. Byrne, F.J., Castle, S., Prabhaker, N., Toscano, N.C. Pest Manag. Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. Chloride cells of larval Notonecta glauca and Naucoris cimicoides (Hemiptera, Hydrocorisae). Fine structure and cell counts at different salinities. Komnick, H., Wichard, W. Cell Tissue Res. (1975) [Pubmed]
  13. Genetic diversity of Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Chuquisaca, Bolivia based on the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Giordano, R., Cortez, J.C., Paulk, S., Stevens, L. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Regulating plant/insect interactions using CO2 enrichment in model ecosystems. Grodzinski, B., Schmidt, J.M., Watts, B., Taylor, J., Bates, S., Dixon, M.A., Staines, H. Advances in space research : the official journal of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR). (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. Laccase-type phenoloxidase in salivary glands and watery saliva of the green rice leafhopper, Nephotettix cincticeps. Hattori, M., Konishi, H., Tamura, Y., Konno, K., Sogawa, K. J. Insect Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  16. Effects of a mammalian cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitor on adipocyte ultrastructure and metamorphosis in Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera). McGuire, E.J., Habowsky, J.E., de la Iglesia, F.A. Experientia (1980) [Pubmed]
  17. Phyletic aspects of the distribution of 3-hydroxyretinal in the class Insecta. Smith, W.C., Goldsmith, T.H. J. Mol. Evol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  18. Effect of the alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, bromoconduritol, on carbohydrate metabolism in the silverleaf whitefly, Bemisia argentifolii. Salvucci, M. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Isolation of two AKH-related peptides from cicadas. Veenstra, J.A., Hagedorn, H.H. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  20. Sex attractant pheromone of the red-shouldered stink bug Thyanta pallidovirens: a pheromone blend with multiple redundant components. McBrien, H.L., Millar, J.G., Rice, R.E., McElfresh, J.S., Cullen, E., Zalom, F.G. J. Chem. Ecol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  21. The development and evolution of insect mouthparts as revealed by the expression patterns of gnathocephalic genes. Rogers, B.T., Peterson, M.D., Kaufman, T.C. Evol. Dev. (2002) [Pubmed]
  22. The expression of two engrailed-related genes in an apterygote insect and a phylogenetic analysis of insect engrailed-related genes. Peterson, M.D., Popadić, A., Kaufman, T.C. Dev. Genes Evol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of a putative trpDC(F)BA operon in Buchnera aphidicola (endosymbiont of the aphid Schizaphis graminum). Munson, M.A., Baumann, P. J. Bacteriol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  24. Two novel strains of Wolbachia coexisting in both species of mulberry leafhoppers. Mitsuhashi, W., Saiki, T., Wei, W., Kawakita, H., Sato, M. Insect Mol. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  25. Purification, molecular cloning and heterologous expression of a glutathione S-transferase involved in insecticide resistance from the rice brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. Vontas, J.G., Small, G.J., Nikou, D.C., Ranson, H., Hemingway, J. Biochem. J. (2002) [Pubmed]
  26. Baseline susceptibility and development of resistance to pyriproxyfen in Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in Arizona. Li, A.Y., Dennehy, T.J., Nichols, R.L. J. Econ. Entomol. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities