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Gene Review

Slc16a7  -  solute carrier family 16 (monocarboxylate...

Rattus norvegicus

Synonyms: MCT 2, Mct2, Monocarboxylate transporter 2, Solute carrier family 16 member 7
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Disease relevance of Slc16a7


High impact information on Slc16a7

  • This study thus demonstrates the presence of different monocarboxylate transporters in rat MTALs; the basolateral H(+)/L-lactate cotransporter (MCT2) and the luminal H(+)-independent organic anion exchanger are adapted to play distinct roles in the transport of monocarboxylates in MTALs [2].
  • These data show striking biochemical and structural similarities of the lysosomal sialic acid transporter with the known monocarboxylate transporters of the plasma membrane (MCT1, MCT2, MCT3, and Mev) [3].
  • The properties of the hepatocyte monocarboxylate transporter are consistent with the presence of a distinct isoform of MCT in liver cells as suggested by the cloning and sequencing of MCT2 from hamster liver (Garcia, C. K., Brown, M. S., Pathak, R. K., and Goldstein, J. L. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 1843-1849) [4].
  • In addition, as for AMPA receptors, a significant proportion of MCT2 is located on vesicular membranes within the postsynaptic spine, forming an intracellular pool available for a putative postsynaptic endo/exocytotic trafficking at these excitatory synapses [5].
  • It could also be demonstrated using quantitative double-labeling immunogold cytochemistry that MCT2 and AMPA receptor GluR2/3 subunits have a similar postsynaptic distribution at asymmetric synapses with high levels expressed within the postsynaptic density [5].

Biological context of Slc16a7

  • However, nonvascular MCT1 and MCT2 levels do not reflect changes in cerebral energy metabolism, suggesting a more complex regulation [6].
  • The cDNA has been designated MCT3 based on its 45% identity in amino acid sequence and structural similarity with the monocarboxylate transporters MCT1 and MCT2 [7].

Anatomical context of Slc16a7


Associations of Slc16a7 with chemical compounds

  • Moreover, a significant increase in MCT2 expression was observed in cultured neurons exposed to noradrenaline, an effect involving a regulation at the translational level [12].
  • Therefore, the change of MCT expression during brain development, as well as lack of MCT1 and MCT2 in neurons of adults, point to another MCT isoform being involved in alpha-ketoisocaproic acid accumulation [13].
  • Western blot analyses showed that male and estrogen-treated ovariectomized female rats exhibit opposite changes in monocarboxylate transporter-2 levels after one insulin injection, as well as divergent patterns of adaptation to this metabolic challenge [1].
  • In the adult testis exposed in utero to flutamide, MCT1 (53 +/- 8%, P<0.02) and MCT2 (52 +/- 9%, P<0.02) mRNA levels were significantly reduced indicating that lactate transport to germ cells could be also altered [14].
  • Organomercurial thiol reagents, such as mersalyl acid, inhibit MCT1 but not MCT2 [15].

Other interactions of Slc16a7


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Slc16a7

  • Starvation of rats for up to 48 h did not lead to any change in MCT1 or MCT2 expression in the liver, as determined by either Northern or Western blotting [8].
  • Confocal immunofluorescence microscopy showed strong monocarboxylate transporter 2 (MCT2) labeling of Purkinje cell bodies and punctate labeling in the molecular layer [17].
  • Using post-embedding electron microscopic immunocytochemistry, it is demonstrated that MCT2 is present at postsynaptic density of asymmetric synapses, in the stratum radiatum of both rat hippocampal CA1 and CA3 regions, as well as at parallel fibre-Purkinje cell synapses in mouse cerebellum [5].
  • In vivo, double-label immunofluorescence studies coupled with confocal microscopy indicate that MCT1 and MCT2 are rare in astrocytes in the cortex [18].
  • Indeed, a 35-day-old rat hypophysectomy resulted in an 8-fold increase in testicular MCT2 mRNA levels [19].


  1. Vagal complex monocarboxylate transporter-2 expression during hypoglycemia. Vavaiya, K.V., Paranjape, S.A., Patil, G.D., Briski, K.P. Neuroreport (2006) [Pubmed]
  2. Polarized expression of different monocarboxylate transporters in rat medullary thick limbs of Henle. Eladari, D., Chambrey, R., Irinopoulou, T., Leviel, F., Pezy, F., Bruneval, P., Paillard, M., Podevin, R.A. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Purification of the lysosomal sialic acid transporter. Functional characteristics of a monocarboxylate transporter. Havelaar, A.C., Mancini, G.M., Beerens, C.E., Souren, R.M., Verheijen, F.W. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. The kinetics, substrate, and inhibitor specificity of the monocarboxylate (lactate) transporter of rat liver cells determined using the fluorescent intracellular pH indicator, 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein. Jackson, V.N., Halestrap, A.P. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Selective postsynaptic co-localization of MCT2 with AMPA receptor GluR2/3 subunits at excitatory synapses exhibiting AMPA receptor trafficking. Bergersen, L.H., Magistretti, P.J., Pellerin, L. Cereb. Cortex (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Developmental switch in brain nutrient transporter expression in the rat. Vannucci, S.J., Simpson, I.A. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Identification of a unique monocarboxylate transporter (MCT3) in retinal pigment epithelium. Yoon, H., Fanelli, A., Grollman, E.F., Philp, N.J. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1997) [Pubmed]
  8. Cloning of the monocarboxylate transporter isoform MCT2 from rat testis provides evidence that expression in tissues is species-specific and may involve post-transcriptional regulation. Jackson, V.N., Price, N.T., Carpenter, L., Halestrap, A.P. Biochem. J. (1997) [Pubmed]
  9. Distribution of monocarboxylate transporters MCT1 and MCT2 in rat retina. Gerhart, D.Z., Leino, R.L., Drewes, L.R. Neuroscience (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Functional characteristics of H+ -dependent nicotinate transport in primary cultures of astrocytes from rat cerebral cortex. Shimada, A., Nakagawa, Y., Morishige, H., Yamamoto, A., Fujita, T. Neurosci. Lett. (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. Perinatal and early postnatal changes in the expression of monocarboxylate transporters MCT1 and MCT2 in the rat forebrain. Baud, O., Fayol, L., Gressens, P., Pellerin, L., Magistretti, P., Evrard, P., Verney, C. J. Comp. Neurol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. Cellular and subcellular distribution of monocarboxylate transporters in cultured brain cells and in the adult brain. Pellerin, L., Bergersen, L.H., Halestrap, A.P., Pierre, K. J. Neurosci. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Expression of monocarboxylic acid transporters (MCT) in brain cells. Implication for branched chain alpha-ketoacids transport in neurons. Mac, M., Nałecz, K.A. Neurochem. Int. (2003) [Pubmed]
  14. Alteration of lactate production and transport in the adult rat testis exposed in utero to flutamide. Goddard, I., Florin, A., Mauduit, C., Tabone, E., Contard, P., Bars, R., Chuzel, F., Benahmed, M. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Aluminum transport out of brain extracellular fluid is proton dependent and inhibited by mersalyl acid, suggesting mediation by the monocarboxylate transporter (MCT1). Ackley, D.C., Yokel, R.A. Toxicology (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. Changes in MCT 1, MCT 4, and LDH expression are tissue specific in rats after long-term hypobaric hypoxia. McClelland, G.B., Brooks, G.A. J. Appl. Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  17. A novel postsynaptic density protein: the monocarboxylate transporter MCT2 is co-localized with delta-glutamate receptors in postsynaptic densities of parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapses. Bergersen, L., Waerhaug, O., Helm, J., Thomas, M., Laake, P., Davies, A.J., Wilson, M.C., Halestrap, A.P., Ottersen, O.P. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (2001) [Pubmed]
  18. Monocarboxylic acid transporters, MCT1 and MCT2, in cortical astrocytes in vitro and in vivo. Hanu, R., McKenna, M., O'Neill, A., Resneck, W.G., Bloch, R.J. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Developmental and hormonal regulation of the monocarboxylate transporter 2 (MCT2) expression in the mouse germ cells. Boussouar, F., Mauduit, C., Tabone, E., Pellerin, L., Magistretti, P.J., Benahmed, M. Biol. Reprod. (2003) [Pubmed]
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