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Gene Review

PRE7  -  proteasome core particle subunit beta 6

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: Multicatalytic endopeptidase complex subunit C5, PRS3, PTS1, Proteasome component C5, Proteasome subunit beta type-6, ...
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Disease relevance of PRE7

  • These results suggest that the vesicles in per3-1 cells are peroxisomal remnants similar to those observed in cells of patients with the peroxisomal disorder Zellweger syndrome, and that the mutant is deficient in PTS1 but not PTS2 import [1].

High impact information on PRE7

  • Here we demonstrate that the AAA peroxins mediate the ATP-dependent dislocation of the peroxisomal targeting signal-1 (PTS1) receptor from the peroxisomal membrane to the cytosol [2].
  • Here we purify the Woronin body from Neurospora crassa and isolate Hex1, a new protein containing a consensus sequence known as peroxisome-targeting signal-1 (PTS1) [3].
  • The Saccharomyces cerevisiae pex17-1 mutant was isolated from a screen to identify mutants defective in peroxisome biogenesis. pex17-1 and pex17 null mutants fail to import matrix proteins into peroxisomes via both PTS1- and PTS2-dependent pathways [4].
  • In contrast, pex7Delta cells failed to grow on oleate, but growth on oleate could be partially restored by expressing thiolase (a PTS2-containing enzyme) fused to the PTS1 [5].
  • First, the presence of the uncharged amino acid, asparagine, at the penultimate residue of the human catalase PTS is highly unusual, in that a basic residue at this position has been previously found to be a common and critical feature of PTS1 signals [6].

Biological context of PRE7

  • The protein, deduced from the open reading frame of PRS3, consists of 242 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular weight of 27,077 [7].
  • These findings indicate that the PRS3 protein is a subunit of yeast proteasomes that is essential for cell viability [7].
  • Physical mapping by hybridization to intact S. cerevisiae chromosomal DNA showed that the PRS3 gene is located on chromosome II, unlike two other subunit genes, PRS1 and PRS2, which are located on chromosomes XV and VII, respectively [7].
  • We have cloned PEX15 which is required for peroxisome biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. pex15Delta cells are characterized by the cytosolic accumulation of peroxisomal matrix proteins containing a PTS1 or PTS2 import signal, whereas peroxisomal membrane proteins are present in peroxisomal remnants [8].
  • Protein translocation into peroxisomes takes place via recognition of a peroxisomal targeting signal present at either the extreme C termini (PTS1) or N termini (PTS2) of matrix proteins [9].

Anatomical context of PRE7

  • The peroxisomal targeting signal 1 (PTS1), consisting of a C-terminal tripeptide (SKL and variants), directs polypeptides to the peroxisome matrix in evolutionarily diverse organisms [10].
  • We have investigated the functional integrity of the import routes for PTS1 and PTS2 in fibroblasts from patients suffering from peroxisome assembly disorders [11].
  • The molecular machinery that carries out the specific targeting of glycosomal proteins to the organelle has not been characterized, although the bulk of glycosomal proteins contain the COOH-terminal tripeptide glycosomal peroxisomal targeting signal-1 (PTS-1) similar to the mammalian and fungal peroxisomal targeting signal [12].
  • Most glycosomal proteins are targeted to the glycosomes by a COOH-terminal tripeptide signal similar to the peroxisomal targeting signal-1 (PTS-1) [13].

Associations of PRE7 with chemical compounds

  • PRS3 encoding an essential subunit of yeast proteasomes homologous to mammalian proteasome subunit C5 [7].
  • PTS1 comprises a COOH-terminal tripeptide, SKL, and has been found in several matrix proteins, whereas PTS2 has been found only in peroxisomal thiolase and is contained within an NH2-terminal cleavable presequence [11].
  • Second, the human catalase PTS comprises more than the COOH-terminal three amino acids, in that COOH-terminal-ANL cannot functionally replace the PTS1 signal-SKL in targeting a chloramphenicol acetyl transferase fusion protein to peroxisomes [6].
  • Like its homologs in yeast and humans, LdPEX5 predicts a protein with seven copies of a tetratricopeptide repeat in its COOH-terminal half proposed to mediate PTS-1 binding and three copies of a WXXX(Y/F) motif in its NH(2) terminus conjectured to be essential for protein translocation into the organelle [12].
  • The Pichia pastoris dihydroxyacetone kinase is a PTS1-containing, but cytosolic, protein that is essential for growth on methanol [14].

Other interactions of PRE7

  • We found by computer analysis that a putative yeast proteasome subunit gene named PRS3 that encodes a protein very similar to subunit C5 of rat and human proteasomes is located immediately 3' to the ERD2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae [7].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of PRE7

  • Two-hybrid assays showed that NtPEX5 interacts with a wide range of PTS1 variants that also interact with the human Pex5p [9].


  1. PER3, a gene required for peroxisome biogenesis in Pichia pastoris, encodes a peroxisomal membrane protein involved in protein import. Liu, H., Tan, X., Russell, K.A., Veenhuis, M., Cregg, J.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. Functional role of the AAA peroxins in dislocation of the cycling PTS1 receptor back to the cytosol. Platta, H.W., Grunau, S., Rosenkranz, K., Girzalsky, W., Erdmann, R. Nat. Cell Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. A new self-assembled peroxisomal vesicle required for efficient resealing of the plasma membrane. Jedd, G., Chua, N.H. Nat. Cell Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Pex17p of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a novel peroxin and component of the peroxisomal protein translocation machinery. Huhse, B., Rehling, P., Albertini, M., Blank, L., Meller, K., Kunau, W.H. J. Cell Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  5. A mobile PTS2 receptor for peroxisomal protein import in Pichia pastoris. Elgersma, Y., Elgersma-Hooisma, M., Wenzel, T., McCaffery, J.M., Farquhar, M.G., Subramani, S. J. Cell Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  6. Targeting of human catalase to peroxisomes is dependent upon a novel COOH-terminal peroxisomal targeting sequence. Purdue, P.E., Lazarow, P.B. J. Cell Biol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. PRS3 encoding an essential subunit of yeast proteasomes homologous to mammalian proteasome subunit C5. Lee, D.H., Tanaka, K., Tamura, T., Chung, C.H., Ichihara, A. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. Overexpression of Pex15p, a phosphorylated peroxisomal integral membrane protein required for peroxisome assembly in S.cerevisiae, causes proliferation of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Elgersma, Y., Kwast, L., van den Berg, M., Snyder, W.B., Distel, B., Subramani, S., Tabak, H.F. EMBO J. (1997) [Pubmed]
  9. Identification and analysis of the plant peroxisomal targeting signal 1 receptor NtPEX5. Kragler, F., Lametschwandtner, G., Christmann, J., Hartig, A., Harada, J.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
  10. The Pichia pastoris peroxisomal protein PAS8p is the receptor for the C-terminal tripeptide peroxisomal targeting signal. Terlecky, S.R., Nuttley, W.M., McCollum, D., Sock, E., Subramani, S. EMBO J. (1995) [Pubmed]
  11. Differential protein import deficiencies in human peroxisome assembly disorders. Motley, A., Hettema, E., Distel, B., Tabak, H. J. Cell Biol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  12. Peroxisomal targeting signal-1 receptor protein PEX5 from Leishmania donovani. Molecular, biochemical, and immunocytochemical characterization. Jardim, A., Liu, W., Zheleznova, E., Ullman, B. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Peroxisomal targeting protein 14 (PEX14) from Leishmania donovani. Molecular, biochemical, and immunocytochemical characterization. Jardim, A., Rager, N., Liu, W., Ullman, B. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. The Pichia pastoris dihydroxyacetone kinase is a PTS1-containing, but cytosolic, protein that is essential for growth on methanol. Lüers, G.H., Advani, R., Wenzel, T., Subramani, S. Yeast (1998) [Pubmed]
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