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MeSH Review

Paternal Exposure

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Disease relevance of Paternal Exposure


High impact information on Paternal Exposure


Chemical compound and disease context of Paternal Exposure


Biological context of Paternal Exposure


Anatomical context of Paternal Exposure


Associations of Paternal Exposure with chemical compounds


Gene context of Paternal Exposure

  • There was a civil court case on behalf of two of the alleged victims of paternal irradiation at Seascale against British Nuclear Fuels. The case foundered on "the balance of probabilities". Nevertheless, there was support for paternal exposure from Japanese experimental X-ray studies in mice [19].
  • These findings demonstrate the effects of paternal exposure to acrylamide on preimplantation development and indicate a potential risk to the offspring of men exposed to acrylamide [20].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Paternal Exposure


  1. Paternal occupational exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and birth outcomes of offspring: birth weight, preterm delivery, and birth defects. Lawson, C.C., Schnorr, T.M., Whelan, E.A., Deddens, J.A., Dankovic, D.A., Piacitelli, L.A., Sweeney, M.H., Connally, L.B. Environ. Health Perspect. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Survey of reproductive events of wives of employees exposed to chlorinated dioxins. Townsend, J.C., Bodner, K.M., Van Peenen, P.F., Olson, R.D., Cook, R.R. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  3. Spontaneous abortion, sex ratio, and paternal occupational exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Schnorr, T.M., Lawson, C.C., Whelan, E.A., Dankovic, D.A., Deddens, J.A., Piacitelli, L.A., Reefhuis, J., Sweeney, M.H., Connally, L.B., Fingerhut, M.A. Environ. Health Perspect. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Paternal exposure to ribavirin: pregnancy and neonatal outcome. De Santis, M., Carducci, B., Cavaliere, A.F., De Santis, L., Lucchese, A., Straface, G., Caruso, A. Antivir. Ther. (Lond.) (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Reproductive effects of occupational DDT exposure among male malaria control workers. Salazar-García, F., Gallardo-Díaz, E., Cerón-Mireles, P., Loomis, D., Borja-Aburto, V.H. Environ. Health Perspect. (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. Paternal exposure to cyclophosphamide alters cell-cell contacts and activation of embryonic transcription in the preimplantation rat embryo. Harrouk, W., Robaire, B., Hales, B.F. Biol. Reprod. (2000) [Pubmed]
  7. Effect of parents' occupational exposures on risk of stillbirth, preterm delivery, and small-for-gestational-age infants. Savitz, D.A., Whelan, E.A., Kleckner, R.C. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  8. Allele-specific germ cell epimutation in the spacer promoter of the 45S ribosomal RNA gene after Cr(III) exposure. Shiao, Y.H., Crawford, E.B., Anderson, L.M., Patel, P., Ko, K. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Spontaneous abortions and congenital malformations among the wives of men occupationally exposed to organic solvents. Taskinen, H., Anttila, A., Lindbohm, M.L., Sallmén, M., Hemminki, K. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health. (1989) [Pubmed]
  10. Lack of birth defects among offspring conceived during or after paternal exposure to dibromochloropropane (DBCP). Potashnik, G., Phillip, M. Andrologia (1988) [Pubmed]
  11. Cyclophosphamide: effects of paternal exposure on the brain chemistry of the F1 progeny. Hsu, L.L., Adams, P.M., Legator, M.S. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. (1987) [Pubmed]
  12. Micronuclei and developmental abnormalities in 4-day mouse embryos after paternal treatment with acrylamide. Titenko-Holland, N., Ahlborn, T., Lowe, X., Shang, N., Smith, M.T., Wyrobek, A.J. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Paternally inherited chromosomal structural aberrations detected in mouse first-cleavage zygote metaphases by multicolour fluorescence in situ hybridization painting. Marchetti, F., Lowe, X., Moore, D.H., Bishop, J., Wyrobek, A.J. Chromosome Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
  14. Paternal serum dioxin and reproductive outcomes among veterans of Operation Ranch Hand. Wolfe, W.H., Michalek, J.E., Miner, J.C., Rahe, A.J., Moore, C.A., Needham, L.L., Patterson, D.G. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) (1995) [Pubmed]
  15. Ethylene dibromide: effects of paternal exposure on the neurotransmitter enzymes in the developing brain of F1 progeny. Hsu, L.L., Adams, P.M., Fanini, D., Legator, M.S. Mutat. Res. (1985) [Pubmed]
  16. Spermatogenic and mutagenic damage after paternal exposure to systemic indium-114m. Hoyes, K.P., Sharma, H.L., Jackson, H., Hendry, J.H., Morris, I.D. Radiat. Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
  17. Behavioral teratology investigation of 1-butanol in rats. Nelson, B.K., Brightwell, W.S., Robertson, S.K., Khan, A., Krieg, E.F., Massari, V.J. Neurotoxicology and teratology. (1989) [Pubmed]
  18. No correlation between germline mutation at repeat DNA and meiotic crossover in male mice exposed to X-rays or cisplatin. Barber, R., Plumb, M., Smith, A.G., Cesar, C.E., Boulton, E., Jeffreys, A.J., Dubrova, Y.E. Mutat. Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Male-mediated developmental toxicity. Anderson, D. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  20. Acrylamide causes preimplantation abnormalities in embryos and induces chromatin-adducts in male germ cells of mice. Holland, N., Ahlborn, T., Turteltaub, K., Markee, C., Moore, D., Wyrobek, A.J., Smith, M.T. Reprod. Toxicol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  21. Reversibility of the effects of chronic paternal exposure to cyclophosphamide on pregnancy outcome in rats. Hales, B.F., Robaire, B. Mutat. Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
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