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MeSH Review

Premature Birth

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Disease relevance of Premature Birth


Psychiatry related information on Premature Birth


High impact information on Premature Birth

  • BACKGROUND: Bacterial vaginosis has been associated with preterm birth [9].
  • RESULTS: Preterm births increased from 6.3 percent of live births in 1981 through 1983 to 6.8 percent in 1992 through 1994, a relative increase of 9 percent (95 percent confidence interval, 7 to 10 percent) [10].
  • Our aim was to investigate the association between DDE exposure and preterm birth [11].
  • Not surprisingly, the role of Trx in a wide range of human diseases and conditions, including cancer, viral disease, ischaemia-reperfusion injury, cardiac conditions, aging, premature birth and newborn physiology, is subject to intense investigation [12].
  • Retrospective studies in humans suggest that chronic maternal stress during pregnancy, associated with raised plasma levels of CRH, ACTH and cortisol may increase the likelihood of preterm birth, developmental delays and behavioural abnormalities in the children [13].

Chemical compound and disease context of Premature Birth


Biological context of Premature Birth


Anatomical context of Premature Birth


Gene context of Premature Birth


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Premature Birth


  1. A survey of zidovudine use in pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Sperling, R.S., Stratton, P., O'Sullivan, M.J., Boyer, P., Watts, D.H., Lambert, J.S., Hammill, H., Livingston, E.G., Gloeb, D.J., Minkoff, H. N. Engl. J. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  2. Celiac disease and risk of adverse fetal outcome: a population-based cohort study. Ludvigsson, J.F., Montgomery, S.M., Ekbom, A. Gastroenterology (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Fertility and pregnancy outcome in women with systemic sclerosis. Steen, V.D., Medsger, T.A. Arthritis Rheum. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. The preterm prediction study: the value of new vs standard risk factors in predicting early and all spontaneous preterm births. NICHD MFMU Network. Goldenberg, R.L., Iams, J.D., Mercer, B.M., Meis, P.J., Moawad, A.H., Copper, R.L., Das, A., Thom, E., Johnson, F., McNellis, D., Miodovnik, M., Van Dorsten, J.P., Caritis, S.N., Thurnau, G.R., Bottoms, S.F. American journal of public health. (1998) [Pubmed]
  5. Induction of preterm birth in mice by RU486. Dudley, D.J., Branch, D.W., Edwin, S.S., Mitchell, M.D. Biol. Reprod. (1996) [Pubmed]
  6. The Preterm Prediction Study: recurrence risk of spontaneous preterm birth. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network. Iams, J.D., Goldenberg, R.L., Mercer, B.M., Moawad, A., Thom, E., Meis, P.J., McNellis, D., Caritis, S.N., Miodovnik, M., Menard, M.K., Thurnau, G.R., Bottoms, S.E., Roberts, J.M. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. Corticotropin-releasing hormone during pregnancy is associated with infant temperament. Davis, E.P., Glynn, L.M., Dunkel Schetter, C., Hobel, C., Chicz-Demet, A., Sandman, C.A. Dev. Neurosci. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Effects of socioeconomic factors, psychological stress, smoking, alcohol and caffeine on preterm delivery. Obaid-ur-Rahman, M., Ahmed, T., Rahman, S., Atiq-ur-Rahman, n.u.l.l. Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Metronidazole to prevent preterm delivery in pregnant women with asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Network of Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units. Carey, J.C., Klebanoff, M.A., Hauth, J.C., Hillier, S.L., Thom, E.A., Ernest, J.M., Heine, R.P., Nugent, R.P., Fischer, M.L., Leveno, K.J., Wapner, R., Varner, M. N. Engl. J. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Determinants of preterm birth rates in Canada from 1981 through 1983 and from 1992 through 1994. Joseph, K.S., Kramer, M.S., Marcoux, S., Ohlsson, A., Wen, S.W., Allen, A., Platt, R. N. Engl. J. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  11. Association between maternal serum concentration of the DDT metabolite DDE and preterm and small-for-gestational-age babies at birth. Longnecker, M.P., Klebanoff, M.A., Zhou, H., Brock, J.W. Lancet (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Thioredoxin: friend or foe in human disease? Burke-Gaffney, A., Callister, M.E., Nakamura, H. Trends Pharmacol. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Alterations induced by gestational stress in brain morphology and behaviour of the offspring. Weinstock, M. Prog. Neurobiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Preconception homocysteine and B vitamin status and birth outcomes in Chinese women. Ronnenberg, A.G., Goldman, M.B., Chen, D., Aitken, I.W., Willett, W.C., Selhub, J., Xu, X. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. Effect of premature birth and survival on hepatic thyroxine 5'-monodeiodinase activity in baboons. Lewis, D.S., DeChant, D., deLemos, R.A. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1993) [Pubmed]
  16. Enhanced activity of the pituitary-gonadal axis in premature human infants. Tapanainen, J., Koivisto, M., Vihko, R., Huhtaniemi, I. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1981) [Pubmed]
  17. Are deficits of arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids responsible for the neural and vascular complications of preterm babies? Crawford, M.A., Costeloe, K., Ghebremeskel, K., Phylactos, A., Skirvin, L., Stacey, F. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1997) [Pubmed]
  18. The role of vitamin E in the nutrition of premature infants. Bell, E.F., Filer, L.J. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1981) [Pubmed]
  19. Effects of parenteral cysteine and glutathione feeding in a baboon model of severe prematurity. Stabler, S.P., Morton, R.L., Winski, S.L., Allen, R.H., White, C.W. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2000) [Pubmed]
  20. A risk-benefit assessment of therapies for premature labour. Higby, K., Suiter, C.R. Drug safety : an international journal of medical toxicology and drug experience. (1999) [Pubmed]
  21. A comparison of risk factors for preterm labor and term small-for-gestational-age birth. Lang, J.M., Lieberman, E., Cohen, A. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) (1996) [Pubmed]
  22. Perinatal risk factors for atopic disease in conscripts. Bråbäck, L., Hedberg, A. Clin. Exp. Allergy (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. Risk of small-for-gestational age is associated with common anti-inflammatory cytokine polymorphisms. Engel, S.A., Olshan, A.F., Savitz, D.A., Thorp, J., Erichsen, H.C., Chanock, S.J. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) (2005) [Pubmed]
  24. Adrenal function in preterm infants: ACTH may not be the sole regulator of the fetal zone. Midgley, P.C., Russell, K., Oates, N., Holownia, P., Shaw, J.C., Honour, J.W. Pediatr. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
  25. Prevention of premature birth by screening and treatment for common genital tract infections: results of a prospective controlled evaluation. McGregor, J.A., French, J.I., Parker, R., Draper, D., Patterson, E., Jones, W., Thorsgard, K., McFee, J. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  26. Preterm birth risk assessment. Mauldin, J.G., Newman, R.B. Semin. Perinatol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. Human preterm birth is associated with systemic and local changes in progesterone/17 beta-estradiol ratios. Mazor, M., Hershkovitz, R., Chaim, W., Levy, J., Sharony, Y., Leiberman, J.R., Glezerman, M. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  28. Effects of the antiprogesterone RU 486 on preterm birth in the rat. Garfield, R.E., Gasc, J.M., Baulieu, E.E. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  29. Association between the Asp299Gly polymorphisms in the Toll-like receptor 4 and premature births in the Finnish population. Lorenz, E., Hallman, M., Marttila, R., Haataja, R., Schwartz, D.A. Pediatr. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  30. Alveolar epithelial cell differentiation and surfactant protein expression after mild preterm birth in sheep. Sozo, F., Wallace, M.J., Hanna, M.R., Flecknoe, S.J., Cock, M.L., Maritz, G.S., Harding, R., Hooper, S.B. Pediatr. Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  31. Interleukin-4 and -10 gene polymorphisms and spontaneous preterm birth in multifetal gestations. Kalish, R.B., Vardhana, S., Gupta, M., Perni, S.C., Witkin, S.S. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  32. Interleukin-1alpha, interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 in cervico/vaginal secretion for screening of preterm birth in twin gestation. Wennerholm, U.B., Holm, B., Mattsby-Baltzer, I., Nielsen, T., Platz-Christensen, J.J., Sundell, G., Hagberg, H. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. (1998) [Pubmed]
  33. Effect of preterm birth on hypoxia-inducible factors and vascular endothelial growth factor in primate lungs. Asikainen, T.M., Ahmad, A., Schneider, B.K., White, C.W. Pediatr. Pulmonol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  34. Risk factors for preterm birth, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth retardation in infants born to HIV-infected pregnant women receiving zidovudine. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 185 Team. Lambert, J.S., Watts, D.H., Mofenson, L., Stiehm, E.R., Harris, D.R., Bethel, J., Whitehouse, J., Jimenez, E., Gandia, J., Scott, G., O'Sullivan, M.J., Kovacs, A., Stek, A., Shearer, W.T., Hammill, H., van Dyke, R., Maupin, R., Silio, M., Fowler, M.G. AIDS (2000) [Pubmed]
  35. Relation of maternal cocaine use to the risks of prematurity and low birth weight. Kliegman, R.M., Madura, D., Kiwi, R., Eisenberg, I., Yamashita, T. J. Pediatr. (1994) [Pubmed]
  36. The efficacy of oral terbutaline after intravenous tocolysis. Parilla, B.V., Dooley, S.L., Minogue, J.P., Socol, M.L. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  37. The impact of cocaine and marijuana use on low birth weight and preterm birth: a multicenter study. Shiono, P.H., Klebanoff, M.A., Nugent, R.P., Cotch, M.F., Wilkins, D.G., Rollins, D.E., Carey, J.C., Behrman, R.E. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  38. Vaginal fetal fibronectin as a predictor of spontaneous preterm delivery in the patient with cervical cerclage. Roman, A.S., Rebarber, A., Sfakianaki, A.K., Mulholland, J., Saltzman, D., Paidas, M.J., Minior, V., Lockwood, C.J. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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