The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Homicide

  • No significant associations were found of serum cholesterol level with death from colon cancer, with accidental deaths, or with homicides [1].
  • In humans defined lithium deficiency diseases have not been characterized, but low lithium intakes from water supplies were associated with increased rates of suicides, homicides and the arrest rates for drug use and other crimes [2].
  • The number of AIS-grade 2 injuries increased from 1981 to 1987 due to an increased number of facial injuries, but the number of homicides and AIS-grade 4-6 injuries decreased in the interval [3].
  • For methamphetamine-related deaths there was no significant difference between mean tissue concentrations in accidental overdoses and in homicides [4].
  • Forty-five percent of the homicides were by head trauma, 12% by abdominal or body trauma, 25% by asphyxia (with half of these due to drowning), 10% by carbon monoxide poisoning or thermal injury, and the remaining 8% involving cases of neglect, stabbing, and poisoning [5].

High impact information on Homicide

  • Approximately one third of deaths after cocaine use were the result of drug intoxication, but two thirds involved traumatic injuries resulting from homicides, suicides, traffic accidents, and falls [6].
  • Sharp increases in methaqualone-related traumatic suicides, nonvehicular accidents, and homicides have occurred since 1978 [7].
  • Two homicides and one suicide were propylhexedrine-related [8].
  • To test this assumption, 222 intra-racial domestic homicides (186 Black and 36 White victims) committed in Atlanta, 1971-1972, were subjected to analysis [9].
  • The most important predictors of genocide fear were sex (Beta = .33; p less than .001) and education (Beta = .14; p less than .01) [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Homicide


Biological context of Homicide

  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The number of overdose deaths and the proportion of homicides and traffic fatalities with a positive cocaine toxicology test result on days with a maximum temperature above or below the temperature threshold [12].

Associations of Homicide with chemical compounds

  • The Helsinki Heart Study and the Lipid Research Clinics Coronary Primary Prevention Trial both reported higher rates of deaths due to homicides, suicides, and accidents in the groups receiving cholesterol-lowering agents compared with the groups receiving placebos [13].
  • METHOD: Total plasma and free l-tryptophan and competing amino acids (CAAs) were measured in a 15-year-old adolescent offender, who was convicted for two homicides, and in 10 healthy male controls of similar age and body mass index (BMI) [14].
  • Twenty five child homicides investigated in the Cologne University Institute of Forensic Medicine from 1985-94 were retrospectively analysed with special reference to the evidential value of the autopsy findings and possible peculiarities related to the infants' physiological condition [15].
  • Crossbow homicides [16].
  • 1. primary suspicion of intoxication (n=18) confirmed in 6 cases including 3 homicides (with parathion, clozapin, diazepam) which are described in more detail [17].

Gene context of Homicide

  • In order to determine whether firearm use was an increasing component of the general pattern of homicide in Cape Town, South Africa, hidden Markov time-series models were used to examine a week-by-week count of firearm homicides, non-firearm homicides, firearm suicides and non-firearm suicides for the 6-year period from 1986 to 1991 [18].
  • Fifteen homicides took place in Paris. The other 66 cases were from its suburbs [19].
  • Among the cases we examined, 34 deaths were determined as SIDS, while seven were moded as accidents and two as homicides [20].
  • PCP was detected in an additional 100 deaths: 81 homicides, 13 suicides, and 6 accidental deaths [21].
  • To test these hypotheses MDS analyses were carried out on the crime scene and offender characteristics derived from 82 single offender, single victim stranger homicides [22].


  1. Serum cholesterol level and mortality findings for men screened in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial Research Group. Neaton, J.D., Blackburn, H., Jacobs, D., Kuller, L., Lee, D.J., Sherwin, R., Shih, J., Stamler, J., Wentworth, D. Arch. Intern. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  2. Lithium: occurrence, dietary intakes, nutritional essentiality. Schrauzer, G.N. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Epidemiology of violence in a Danish municipality. Changes in severity during the 1980s. Eiskjaer, S.P., Schrøder, H.M., Charles, A.V., Petersen, K.K. Danish medical bulletin. (1992) [Pubmed]
  4. Cocaine- and methamphetamine-related deaths in San Diego County (1987): homicides and accidental overdoses. Bailey, D.N., Shaw, R.F. J. Forensic Sci. (1989) [Pubmed]
  5. A decade of pediatric homicide: a retrospective study at the Medical University of South Carolina. Collins, K.A., Nichols, C.A. The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology : official publication of the National Association of Medical Examiners. (1999) [Pubmed]
  6. Fatal injuries after cocaine use as a leading cause of death among young adults in New York City. Marzuk, P.M., Tardiff, K., Leon, A.C., Hirsch, C.S., Stajic, M., Portera, L., Hartwell, N., Iqbal, M.I. N. Engl. J. Med. (1995) [Pubmed]
  7. Changing patterns of methaqualone abuse. A survey of 246 fatalities. Wetli, C.V. JAMA (1983) [Pubmed]
  8. Intravenous prophylhexedrine (Benzedrex) abuse and sudden death. Anderson, R.J., Garza, H.R., Garriott, J.C., Dimaio, V. Am. J. Med. (1979) [Pubmed]
  9. Race, socioeconomic status, and domestic homicide, Atlanta, 1971-72. Centerwall, B.S. American journal of public health. (1984) [Pubmed]
  10. Determinants of genocide fear in a rural Texas community: a research note. Farrell, W.C., Dawkins, M.P. American journal of public health. (1979) [Pubmed]
  11. Xylazine toxicity--literature review and report of two cases. Mittleman, R.E., Hearn, W.L., Hime, G.W. J. Forensic Sci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Ambient temperature and mortality from unintentional cocaine overdose. Marzuk, P.M., Tardiff, K., Leon, A.C., Hirsch, C.S., Portera, L., Iqbal, M.I., Nock, M.K., Hartwell, N. JAMA (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Deaths due to accidents and violence in two recent trials of cholesterol-lowering drugs. Wysowski, D.K., Gross, T.P. Arch. Intern. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  14. Total plasma l-tryptophan, free l-tryptophan and competing amino acid levels in a homicidal male adolescent with conduct disorder. Virkkunen, M., Ebeling, H., Moilanen, I., Tani, P., Pennanen, S., Liesivuori, J., Tiihonen, J. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica. (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Child homicide in Cologne (1985-94). Schmidt, P., Grass, H., Madea, B. Forensic Sci. Int. (1996) [Pubmed]
  16. Crossbow homicides. Karger, B., Bratzke, H., Grass, H., Lasczkowski, G., Lessig, R., Monticelli, F., Wiese, J., Zweihoff, R.F. Int. J. Legal Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Analysis of 155 consecutive forensic exhumations with emphasis on undetected homicides. Karger, B., Lorin de la Grandmaison, G., Bajanowski, T., Brinkmann, B. Int. J. Legal Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. A time-series analysis of trends in firearm-related homicide and suicide. MacDonald, I.L., Lerer, L.B. International journal of epidemiology. (1994) [Pubmed]
  19. Childhood homicide in Paris, 1990-1993: a report of 81 cases. Fornes, P., Druilhe, L., Lecomte, D. J. Forensic Sci. (1995) [Pubmed]
  20. Infant death in San Francisco 1989-1990. Gianelli Castiglione, A., Greenwald, M., Stephens, B.G. J. Forensic Sci. (1993) [Pubmed]
  21. Phencyclidine and violent deaths in St. Louis, Missouri: a survey of medical examiners' cases from 1977 through 1986. Poklis, A., Graham, M., Maginn, D., Branch, C.A., Gantner, G.E. The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse. (1990) [Pubmed]
  22. Differentiating stranger murders: profiling offender characteristics from behavioral styles. Salfati, C.G., Canter, D.V. Behavioral sciences & the law. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities