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Gene Review

HSPA7  -  heat shock 70kDa protein 7 (HSP70B)

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: HSP70B, Heat shock 70 kDa protein B
 
 
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Disease relevance of HSPA7

 

High impact information on HSPA7

  • BAC 342/P13 contained sequences homologous to Fcgamma receptors 2A, 3A, 2B, 3B, and a heat shock protein gene HSP70B [4].
  • We have isolated and characterized a novel human HSP70 cDNA, HSP70B' cDNA, and its corresponding gene sequence [5].
  • HSP70B' cDNA hybrid-selected an mRNA encoding a more basic 70 kDa heat-shock protein that both the major stress-inducible HSP70 and constitutively expressed HSC70 heat-shock proteins, which in common with other heat-shock 70 kDa proteins bound ATP [5].
  • The differences in patterns of induction may be due to the special features of the promoter region of the HSP70B' gene [5].
  • In contrast with HSP70 mRNA, which is present at low concentrations in HeLa cells and readily induced by heat or CdCl2 treatment in both fibroblasts and HeLa cells, HSP70B' mRNA was induced only at higher temperature and showed no basal expression [5].
 

Biological context of HSPA7

  • The human heat-shock genes HSPA6 and HSPA7 are both expressed and localize to chromosome 1 [6].
  • The highly related HSPA7 DNA sequence (Voellmy et al., 1985, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82: 4949-4953) colocalized [6].
  • The complete HSP70B' gene was sequenced and, like the major inducible HSP70 gene, is devoid of introns [5].
  • Our results therefore suggest that the novel reporter gene assay using a functional region of the HSP70B' promoter has significant advantages for the detection of cytotoxicity in terms of both speed and sensitivity, when compared to the cell viability test based on ATP quantification [7].
  • The HSP70B promoter was ligated to the bacterial beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) gene, and the reporter plasmid was transfected into NCI-H1299 carcinoma cells [8].
 

Associations of HSPA7 with chemical compounds

 

Regulatory relationships of HSPA7

  • We then examined whether NF-IL6 repressed HSP70B by a mechanism resembling Ku proteins [11].
 

Other interactions of HSPA7

  • Both HSPA6 and HSPA7 represent functional genes, as determined by analyses of mRNA from heat-shocked human cells using specific oligonucleotides, although their pattern of expression differed [6].
  • The HSP70B' gene has 77% sequence similarity to the HSP70 gene and 70% similarity to HSC70 cDNA, with greatest sequence divergence towards the 3'-terminus [5].
  • The RT-PCR data complemented these findings: BB HSP27 and HSP70C mRNA levels increased (135 and 128%, respectively; P < 0.05); in the VL only HSP70B increased (206%; P < 0.05) [12].
 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of HSPA7

  • The HSP70B' gene represents a functional gene, as indicated by Northern-blot analysis with specific oligonucleotides, hybrid-selected translation with a specific 3' cDNA sequence and S1 nuclease protection experiments [5].
  • TMHA was performed on PCR products of individual amplicons of the HSP70B' gene on the WAVE Nucleic Acid Fragment Analysis System. The criteria for mutation calling by comparing wild-type and mutant chromatographic patterns are discussed [2].

References

  1. Control of delivered gene expression in chondrocytes using heat shock protein 70B promoter. Arai, Y., Kubo, T., Kobayashi, K., Ikeda, T., Takahashi, K., Takigawa, M., Imanishi, J., Hirasawa, Y. J. Rheumatol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Mutation detection in the human HSP7OB' gene by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography. Hecker, K.H., Asea, A., Kobayashi, K., Green, S., Tang, D., Calderwood, S.K. Cell Stress Chaperones (2000) [Pubmed]
  3. Heat-inducible amplifier vector for high-level expression of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Dammeyer, P., Jaramillo, M.C., Pipes, B.L., Badowski, M.S., Tsang, T.C., Harris, D.T. International journal of hyperthermia : the official journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology, North American Hyperthermia Group. (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. Deregulation of FCGR2B expression by 1q21 rearrangements in follicular lymphomas. Chen, W., Palanisamy, N., Schmidt, H., Teruya-Feldstein, J., Jhanwar, S.C., Zelenetz, A.D., Houldsworth, J., Chaganti, R.S. Oncogene (2001) [Pubmed]
  5. The human heat-shock protein family. Expression of a novel heat-inducible HSP70 (HSP70B') and isolation of its cDNA and genomic DNA. Leung, T.K., Rajendran, M.Y., Monfries, C., Hall, C., Lim, L. Biochem. J. (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. The human heat-shock genes HSPA6 and HSPA7 are both expressed and localize to chromosome 1. Leung, T.K., Hall, C., Rajendran, M., Spurr, N.K., Lim, L. Genomics (1992) [Pubmed]
  7. Rapid and highly sensitive detection of cadmium chloride induced cytotoxicity using the HSP70B' promoter in live cells. Wada, K., Taniguchi, A., Xu, L., Okano, T. Biotechnol. Bioeng. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Effect of low-dose preirradiation on induction of the HSP70B-LacZ fusion gene in human cells treated with heat shock. Suzuki, K., Kodama, S., Watanabe, M. Radiat. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Photosystem II damage and repair cycle in the green alga Dunaliella salina: involvement of a chloroplast-localized HSP70. Yokthongwattana, K., Chrost, B., Behrman, S., Casper-Lindley, C., Melis, A. Plant Cell Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  10. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibit the expression of cytokines and induce HSP70 in human monocytes. Housby, J.N., Cahill, C.M., Chu, B., Prevelige, R., Bickford, K., Stevenson, M.A., Calderwood, S.K. Cytokine (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. Repression of the HSP70B promoter by NFIL6, Ku70, and MAPK involves three complementary mechanisms. Tang, D., Xie, Y., Zhao, M., Stevenson, M.A., Calderwood, S.K. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Exercise-induced HSP27, HSP70 and MAPK responses in human skeletal muscle. Thompson, H.S., Maynard, E.B., Morales, E.R., Scordilis, S.P. Acta Physiol. Scand. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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