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MeSH Review

Periapical Periodontitis

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Disease relevance of Periapical Periodontitis


High impact information on Periapical Periodontitis


Chemical compound and disease context of Periapical Periodontitis


Biological context of Periapical Periodontitis


Anatomical context of Periapical Periodontitis


Gene context of Periapical Periodontitis

  • In an attempt to understand further the balance between the types of helper T (Th) cells in human apical periodontitis, we examined the difference in the expression of the chemokine receptor and cytokine in samples obtained from human subjects by means of immunohistochemical methods [19].
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare both subjective (Periapical Index, PAI) and objective (densitometric) radiographic evaluation of healing after endodontic treatment for apical periodontitis [20].
  • We examined the induction of inflammatory cytokines (including interleukin-1, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) by several species of possible causative bacteria in periapical periodontitis [21].
  • Clinical study of refractory apical periodontitis treated by apicectomy. Part 1. Root canal morphology of resected apex [22].
  • CONCLUSION: The PAI and 2 densitometric estimates (AR/N and AR(S)-N(S)) detected healing of apical periodontitis at 12 weeks after treatment [20].


  1. Involvement of substance P, mast cells, TNF-alpha and ICAM-1 in the infiltration of inflammatory cells in human periapical granulomas. Kabashima, H., Nagata, K., Maeda, K., Iijima, T. J. Oral Pathol. Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. The relationship of intracanal medicaments to postoperative pain in endodontics. Ehrmann, E.H., Messer, H.H., Adams, G.G. International endodontic journal. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Isolation of yeasts and enteric bacteria in root-filled teeth with chronic apical periodontitis. Peciuliene, V., Reynaud, A.H., Balciuniene, I., Haapasalo, M. International endodontic journal. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Ciliated epithelium-lined radicular cysts. Nair, P.N., Pajarola, G., Luder, H.U. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics. (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. Detection of bacteria in endodontic samples by polymerase chain reaction assays and association with defined clinical signs in Italian patients. Foschi, F., Cavrini, F., Montebugnoli, L., Stashenko, P., Sambri, V., Prati, C. Oral Microbiol. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Interleukin-6 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in apical periodontitis: correlation with clinical and histologic findings of the involved teeth. Radics, T., Kiss, C., Tar, I., Márton, I.J. Oral Microbiol. Immunol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Identification of cultivable microorganisms from root canals with apical periodontitis following two-visit endodontic treatment with antibiotics/steroid or calcium hydroxide dressings. Chu, F.C., Leung, W.K., Tsang, P.C., Chow, T.W., Samaranayake, L.P. Journal of endodontics. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. The relation between apical periodontitis and root-filled teeth in patients with periodontal treatment need. Stassen, I.G., Hommez, G.M., De Bruyn, H., De Moor, R.J. International endodontic journal. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A in a canine model of chronic apical periodontitis. Buttke, T.M., Shipper, G., Delano, E.O., Trope, M. Journal of endodontics. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Endodontic treatment of teeth with apical periodontitis using calcium hydroxide: a long-term study. Calişkan, M.K., Sen, B.H. Endodontics & dental traumatology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  11. Periapical inflammation after coronal microbial inoculation of dog roots filled with gutta-percha or resilon. Shipper, G., Teixeira, F.B., Arnold, R.R., Trope, M. Journal of endodontics. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Talon cusp causing occlusal trauma and acute apical periodontitis: report of a case. Segura-Egea, J.J., Jiménez-Rubio, A., Velasco-Ortega, E., Ríos-Santos, J.V. Dental traumatology : official publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology. (2003) [Pubmed]
  13. Cholesterol as an aetiological agent in endodontic failures--a review. Nair, P.N. Australian endodontic journal : the journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc. (1999) [Pubmed]
  14. Inflammatory cytokine production and specific antibody responses to lipopolysaccharide from endodontopathic black-pigmented bacteria in patients with multilesional periapical periodontitis. Matsushita, K., Tajima, T., Tomita, K., Takada, H., Nagaoka, S., Torii, M. Journal of endodontics. (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. A histochemical study of bone remodeling during experimental apical periodontitis in rats. Anan, H., Akamine, A., Hara, Y., Maeda, K., Hashiguchi, I., Aono, M. Journal of endodontics. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Influence of infection at the time of root filling on the outcome of endodontic treatment of teeth with apical periodontitis. Sjögren, U., Figdor, D., Persson, S., Sundqvist, G. International endodontic journal. (1997) [Pubmed]
  17. The change of periapical exudate prostaglandin E2 levels during root canal treatment. Shimauchi, H., Takayama, S., Miki, Y., Okada, H. Journal of endodontics. (1997) [Pubmed]
  18. Influence of root canal dressings and sealers on repair of apical periodontitis after endodontic treatment. Berbert, F.L., Leonardo, M.R., Silva, L.A., Tanomaru Filho, M., Bramante, C.M. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics. (2002) [Pubmed]
  19. Presence of CXCR3-positive cells and IFN-gamma-producing cells in human periapical granulomas. Kabashima, H., Yoneda, M., Nakamuta, H., Nagata, K., Isobe, R., Motooka, N., Maeda, K. Journal of endodontics. (2004) [Pubmed]
  20. Comparison between PAI and quantitative digital radiographic assessment of apical healing after endodontic treatment. Delano, E.O., Ludlow, J.B., Ørstavik, D., Tyndall, D., Trope, M. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics. (2001) [Pubmed]
  21. Inflammatory cytokine production and specific antibody responses against possible causative bacteria in patients with multilesional periapical periodontitis. Matsushita, K., Tajima, T., Tomita, K., Abeyama, K., Maruyama, I., Takada, H., Nagaoka, S. Journal of endodontics. (1998) [Pubmed]
  22. Clinical study of refractory apical periodontitis treated by apicectomy. Part 1. Root canal morphology of resected apex. Wada, M., Takase, T., Nakanuma, K., Arisue, K., Nagahama, F., Yamazaki, M. International endodontic journal. (1998) [Pubmed]
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