The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Ophthalmoscopes


High impact information on Ophthalmoscopes

  • The double-slit pipil overcomes the gross myopia in air measured by ophthalmoscope and produces the indicated effects of viewing distance [6].
  • METHODS: Fundus reflectance and autofluorescence maps at 488 and 514 nm Argon laser wavelengths were acquired in 53 healthy subjects with a custom-built scanning laser ophthalmoscope [7].
  • METHODS: Fluorescein (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) were performed using a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope [8].
  • PURPOSE: To establish a method for the recording of multifocal electroretinograms (MF-ERGs) in animals under fundus control using a scanning-laser ophthalmoscope (SLO) and to analyze the spatial distribution of disease in a strain of Abyssinian cats with a recessively inherited rod-cone degeneration (ARCD) [9].
  • In selected cases, indocyanine green angiography, scanning laser ophthalmoscope perimetry, Retinal Thickness Analyzer measurements, visual evoked potentials, and magnetic resonance imaging were also performed [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Ophthalmoscopes


Biological context of Ophthalmoscopes

  • We confirmed this hypothesis by measuring the number of saccades during RSVP and PAGE reading using a scanning laser ophthalmoscope in four subjects with CFL [12].

Anatomical context of Ophthalmoscopes


Associations of Ophthalmoscopes with chemical compounds

  • In digitized video fluorescein angiograms (Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope), the size of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and the mean perifoveal intercapillary area (PIA) as a measure of capillary density were quantified interactively [18].
  • Acridine orange digital fluorography produces high-resolution images from a scanning laser ophthalmoscope with the use of a fluorescent nuclear dye of acridine orange, which has been used for staining nucleic acids of cells in histochemical and cytochemical studies [19].
  • Scanning laser ophthalmoscope fluorescein angiograms were recorded after a 10-microliter bolus of 10% sodium fluorescein was injected into the tail vein, followed by a flush of 0.1 ml saline [20].
  • Five times more output energy was required to make equivalent burns with the diode laser indirect ophthalmoscope than with the argon or krypton laser indirect ophthalmoscopes [21].
  • Pup eyes were examined by biomicroscope and indirect ophthalmoscope at 4 and 7 wk; retinal folds and choroidal atrophy were detected in the pups deficient in zinc and taurine [22].

Gene context of Ophthalmoscopes

  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The angiograms of all consecutive patients with pathologic myopia photographed with confocal indocyanine green angiography using a scanning infrared laser or ophthalmoscope from March 1997 to December 1999 were reviewed [23].
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to disclose the nature of fluorescent dots and segments traditionally observed with fluorescein angiography (FA) using a scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO 101; Rodenstock, München, Germany) [24].
  • With a television ophthalmoscope image processor, we measured the foveal cone pigment density difference in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), good central vision, and no clinically apparent foveal lesion [25].
  • Comparison of the GDx VCC scanning laser polarimeter, HRT II confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope, and stratus OCT optical coherence tomograph for the detection of glaucoma [26].
  • Based on a proposed two-photon laser scanning ophthalmoscope, TPEF imaging of the living retina may be valuable for diagnostic and pathological studies of age related eye diseases [27].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Ophthalmoscopes


  1. Effective and selective prevention of retinal leukostasis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats using gliclazide. Kinoshita, N., Kakehashi, A., Inoda, S., Itou, Y., Kuroki, M., Yasu, T., Kawakami, M., Kanazawa, Y. Diabetologia (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. Patients with AMD and a large absolute central scotoma can be trained successfully to use eccentric viewing, as demonstrated in a scanning laser ophthalmoscope. Nilsson, U.L., Frennesson, C., Nilsson, S.E. Vision Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Oral fluorescein angiography with the scanning laser ophthalmoscope in diabetic retinopathy: a case controlled comparison with intravenous fluorescein angiography. Squirrell, D., Dinakaran, S., Dhingra, S., Mody, C., Brand, C., Talbot, J. Eye (London, England) (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Videofunduscopy and videoangiography using the scanning laser ophthalmoscope in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome. Okada, A.A., Mizusawa, T., Sakai, J., Usui, M. The British journal of ophthalmology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  5. Retinal blood flow indices in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Yung, C.W., Harris, A., Massicotte, S., Chioran, G., Krombach, G., Danis, R., Wolf, S. The British journal of ophthalmology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  6. Bottle-nosed dolphin: double-slit pupil yields equivalent aerial and underwater diurnal acuity. Herman, L.M., Peacock, M.F., Yunker, M.P., Madsen, C.J. Science (1975) [Pubmed]
  7. Macular pigment shows ringlike structures. Berendschot, T.T., van Norren, D. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Three-dimensional topographic angiography in chorioretinal vascular disease. Schmidt-Erfurth, U., Teschner, S., Noack, J., Birngruber, R. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. Functional assessment of the regional distribution of disease in a cat model of hereditary retinal degeneration. Seeliger, M.W., Narfström, K. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Redefining papillorenal syndrome: an underdiagnosed cause of ocular and renal morbidity. Parsa, C.F., Silva, E.D., Sundin, O.H., Goldberg, M.F., De Jong, M.R., Sunness, J.S., Zeimer, R., Hunter, D.G. Ophthalmology (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Utility of pupillary dilation for detecting leukocoria in patients with retinoblastoma. Canzano, J.C., Handa, J.T. Pediatrics (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Low vision reading with sequential word presentation. Rubin, G.S., Turano, K. Vision Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
  13. Fluorescein fundus angiography with scanning laser ophthalmoscope. Visibility of leukocytes and platelets in perifoveal capillaries. Tanaka, T., Muraoka, K., Shimizu, K. Ophthalmology (1991) [Pubmed]
  14. Imaging of chorioretinal anastomoses in vascularized retinal pigment epithelium detachments. Kuhn, D., Meunier, I., Soubrane, G., Coscas, G. Arch. Ophthalmol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  15. Scanning laser ophthalmoscope imaging of fluorescein-labelled blood cells. Le Gargasson, J.F., Paques, M., Guez, J.E., Boval, B., Vicaut, E., Hou, X., Grall, Y., Gaudric, A. Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Simultaneous indocyanine green and fluorescein angiography in retinal pigment epithelium tear using the confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope. Axer-Siegel, R., Lichter, H., Rosenblatt, I., Priel, E., Yassur, Y., Weinberger, D. Am. J. Ophthalmol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  17. Capillary blood flow velocity in patients with idiopathic epiretinal membranes. Kadonosono, K., Itoh, N., Nomura, E., Ohno, S. Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1999) [Pubmed]
  18. Short-wavelength automated perimetry and capillary density in early diabetic maculopathy. Remky, A., Arend, O., Hendricks, S. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Visualization and quantitative analysis of leukocyte dynamics in retinal microcirculation of rats. Nishiwaki, H., Ogura, Y., Kimura, H., Kiryu, J., Miyamoto, K., Matsuda, N. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1996) [Pubmed]
  20. Evaluation of retinal microcirculatory alterations in the Goto-Kakizaki rat. A spontaneous model of non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Miyamoto, K., Ogura, Y., Nishiwaki, H., Matsuda, N., Honda, Y., Kato, S., Ishida, H., Seino, Y. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1996) [Pubmed]
  21. Comparison of photocoagulation with the argon, krypton, and diode laser indirect ophthalmoscopes in rabbit eyes. Benner, J.D., Huang, M., Morse, L.S., Hjelmeland, L.M., Landers, M.B. Ophthalmology (1992) [Pubmed]
  22. Oscillatory potentials and light microscopic changes demonstrate an interaction between zinc and taurine in the developing rat retina. Gottschall-Pass, K.T., Grahn, B.H., Gorecki, D.K., Paterson, P.G. J. Nutr. (1997) [Pubmed]
  23. Indocyanine green angiography in high myopia. Axer-Siegel, R., Cotlear, D., Priel, E., Rosenblatt, I., Snir, M., Weinberger, D. Ophthalmic surgery, lasers & imaging : the official journal of the International Society for Imaging in the Eye. (2004) [Pubmed]
  24. Fluorescent dots in fluorescein angiography and fluorescein leukocyte angiography using a scanning laser ophthalmoscope in humans. Yang, Y., Kim, S., Kim, J. Ophthalmology (1997) [Pubmed]
  25. Foveal cone pigment density difference and reflectance in retinitis pigmentosa. Kilbride, P.E., Fishman, M., Fishman, G.A., Hutman, L.P. Arch. Ophthalmol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  26. Comparison of the GDx VCC scanning laser polarimeter, HRT II confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope, and stratus OCT optical coherence tomograph for the detection of glaucoma. Medeiros, F.A., Zangwill, L.M., Bowd, C., Weinreb, R.N. Arch. Ophthalmol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  27. Two-photon excited autofluorescence imaging of human retinal pigment epithelial cells. Han, M., Bindewald-Wittich, A., Holz, F.G., Giese, G., Niemz, M.H., Snyder, S., Sun, H., Yu, J., Agopov, M., La Schiazza, O., Bille, J.F. Journal of biomedical optics. (2006) [Pubmed]
  28. Fluorescein angioscopy: techniques of partial fluorescence, permanent drawing record and photocoagulation. Wilson, R.S. Annals of ophthalmology. (1976) [Pubmed]
  29. Tracing method in the assessment of retinal capillary blood flow velocity by fluorescein angiography with scanning laser ophthalmoscope. Funatsu, H., Sakata, K., Harino, S., Okuzawa, Y., Noma, H., Hori, S. Jpn. J. Ophthalmol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  30. Choroidal melanoma microcirculation with confocal indocyanine green angiography before and 1 year after radiation brachytherapy. Schaller, U.C., Mueller, A.J., Bartsch, D.U., Freeman, W.R., Kampik, A. Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) (2000) [Pubmed]
  31. Characteristics of visual field defects by scanning laser ophthalmoscope microperimetry after radial optic neurotomy for central retinal vein occlusion. Schneider, U., Inhoffen, W., Grisanti, S., Bartz-Schmidt, K.U. Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities