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MeSH Review

Nitrergic Neurons

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Disease relevance of Nitrergic Neurons


High impact information on Nitrergic Neurons

  • Pharmacological studies of nitrergic gastric function were performed in controls, in patients with presumed PD, and in patients with UD using sumatriptan, an activator of nitrergic neurons, and amylnitrite, a nitric oxide donor [2].
  • Here, we show that perivascular nitrergic nerves around the cerebral arteries degenerate in two phases in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats [3].
  • In particular, we have identified three brainstem populations of nitrergic neurons, which suggests that nitric oxide may co-localise with 5-HT, NA and GABA [4].
  • These observations suggest that 6-nitronorepinephrine generated in nuclei containing both adrenergic and nitrergic neurons inhibits NE inactivation [5].
  • These observations raise the possibility that periventricular nitrergic neurons play an essential role in registering the composition of the CSF and in modulating subcortical cerebral blood flow [6].

Biological context of Nitrergic Neurons


Anatomical context of Nitrergic Neurons


Associations of Nitrergic Neurons with chemical compounds


Gene context of Nitrergic Neurons


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Nitrergic Neurons


  1. Changes in the number of nitrergic neurons following kainic acid administration and repeated long-term hypoxia. Benesová, P., Langmeier, M., Betka, J., Trojan, S. Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Clinical and pathophysiological characteristics of acute-onset functional dyspepsia. Tack, J., Demedts, I., Dehondt, G., Caenepeel, P., Fischler, B., Zandecki, M., Janssens, J. Gastroenterology (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Nitrergic neurodegeneration in cerebral arteries of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: a new insight into diabetic stroke. Cellek, S., Anderson, P.N., Foxwell, N.A. Diabetes (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Fast inhibitory synapses: targets for neuromodulation and development of vertebrate motor behaviour. Sillar, K.T., McLean, D.L., Fischer, H., Merrywest, S.D. Brain Res. Brain Res. Rev. (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. Bioactive 6-nitronorepinephrine identified in mammalian brain. Shintani, F., Kinoshita, T., Kanba, S., Ishikawa, T., Suzuki, E., Sasakawa, N., Kato, R., Asai, M., Nakaki, T. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  6. NADPH-diaphorase neurons contacting the cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of rat brain. Sancesario, G., Morello, M., Massa, R., Fusco, F.R., D'Angelo, V., Bernardi, G. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors and nitrergic transmission-from zaprinast to sildenafil. Gibson, A. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Prejunctional modulation of nitroxidergic nerve function in canine cerebral arteries. Toda, N., Uchiyama, M., Okamura, T. Brain Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  9. Two phases of nitrergic neuropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Cellek, S., Foxwell, N.A., Moncada, S. Diabetes (2003) [Pubmed]
  10. A neuromodulatory role for neuronal nitric oxide in the rabbit renal artery. Vials, A.J., Crowe, R., Burnstock, G. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  11. Hydroxocobalamin and haemoglobin differentiate between exogenous and neuronal nitric oxide in the rat gastric fundus. Jenkinson, K.M., Reid, J.J., Rand, M.J. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  12. Facilitation and inhibition by capsaicin of cholinergic neurotransmission in the guinea-pig small intestine. Geber, C., Mang, C.F., Kilbinger, H. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  13. Immunocytochemical distribution of neurokinin 1 receptor in rat dorsal vagal complex. Dixon, M.K., Nathan, N.A., Hornby, P.J. Peptides (1998) [Pubmed]
  14. Neurogenic vasoconstriction as affected by cholinergic and nitroxidergic nerves in dog ciliary and ophthalmic arteries. Toda, M., Okamura, T., Ayajiki, K., Toda, N. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. Modulation of acetylcholine-induced contractions of the rat anococcygeus muscle by activation of nitrergic nerves. Rand, M.J., Li, C.G. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  16. Recycling of L-citrulline to sustain nitric oxide-dependent enteric neurotransmission. Shuttleworth, C.W., Burns, A.J., Ward, S.M., O'Brien, W.E., Sanders, K.M. Neuroscience (1995) [Pubmed]
  17. Neurogenic and non-neurogenic relaxations caused by nicotine in isolated dog superficial temporal artery. Okamura, T., Enokibori, M., Toda, N. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1993) [Pubmed]
  18. In vivo characterization of 5-HT1A receptor-mediated gastric relaxation in conscious dogs. Janssen, P., Prins, N.H., Moreaux, B., Meulemans, A.L., Lefebvre, R.A. Br. J. Pharmacol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Distribution of adrenergic receptors in the enteric nervous system of the guinea pig, mouse, and rat. Nasser, Y., Ho, W., Sharkey, K.A. J. Comp. Neurol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  20. Distribution of the NPY receptor subtype Y1 within human colon: evidence for NPY targeting a subpopulation of nitrergic neurons. Peaire, A.E., Krantis, A., Staines, W.A. J. Auton. Nerv. Syst. (1997) [Pubmed]
  21. Heme oxygenase immunoreactive neurons in the rat intestine and their relationship to nitrergic neurons. Donat, M.E., Wong, K., Staines, W.A., Krantis, A. J. Auton. Nerv. Syst. (1999) [Pubmed]
  22. The vasorelaxant effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in isolated rat basilar arteries is partially mediated by activation of nitrergic neurons. Seebeck, J., Löwe, M., Kruse, M.L., Schmidt, W.E., Mehdorn, H.M., Ziegler, A., Hempelmann, R.G. Regul. Pept. (2002) [Pubmed]
  23. Exposure to aluminium changes the NADPH-diaphorase/NPY pattern in the rat cerebral cortex. Rodella, L.F., Ricci, F., Borsani, E., Rezzani, R., Stacchiotti, A., Mariani, C., Bianchi, R. Arch. Histol. Cytol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  24. Development of NADPH-diaphorase/nitric oxide synthase in the brain of the urodele amphibian Pleurodeles waltl. Moreno, N., López, J.M., Sánchez-Camacho, C., González, A. J. Chem. Neuroanat. (2002) [Pubmed]
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