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Chemical Compound Review

Kuprablau     copper dihydrate

Synonyms: Parasol, Kocide, Wetcol, Champ, Cuzin, ...
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Disease relevance of copper dihydrate


Psychiatry related information on copper dihydrate

  • Findings from two studies of the utilization of the mental health benefit under the Washington, D.C., area Blue Cross and Blue Shield Federal Employees Program suggest that diagnostic information submitted to insurance companies on claims forms is often inaccurate and therefore of little use for claims or peer review [6].
  • DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of longitudinal administrative claims data from Wellmark Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Iowa. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (N=1,074), and controls (N=726,262) who filed at least 1 claim for medical services, 1996 to 2001 [7].
  • By constructing a weighted least squares regression model using data from the 1980 Hospital Discharge Survey, the authors were able to account for an increased amount of variance in length of stay for the major diagnostic categories of mental disorder and substance abuse for Medicare and Blue Cross/Blue Shield patients [8].

High impact information on copper dihydrate

  • In a three-year period in the Washington, DC, area, Blue Shield UCR protocols permitted "customary" allowances for selected surgical procedures to rise 29 to 75 per cent; charges by two physicians increased allowances for coronary-artery bypass from $2000 to $3500 [9].
  • DATA SOURCES--The National Prescription Audit (IMS America, Plymouth Meeting, Pa), New York State Medicaid, and Blue Cross/Blue Shield fo the Rochester (NY) Area. RESULTS--From 1988 to 1989, New York State benzodiazepine prescribing decreased by 44%, 60%, and 30% as assessed by IMS America, Medicaid, and Blue Cross/Blue Shield, respectively [10].
  • Meta-analysis of 58 controlled studies and analysis of the claims files for the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Federal Employees Plan for 1974-1978 provide mutually supporting evidence of the cost-offset effects of outpatient mental health treatment [11].
  • A pilot project developed by the Washington Psychiatric Society and Blue Cross and Blue Shield is offered as an example of the kinds of systems that need to be devised [6].
  • METHODS: Data from the Virginia Cancer Registry were linked to insurance claims from the Trigon Blue Cross and Blue Shield Company for women with local and regional staged breast cancer from 1989 to 1991 in Virginia. Multivariate analyses and cost studies were performed [12].

Biological context of copper dihydrate


Associations of copper dihydrate with other chemical compounds

  • That's not to say, however, that HIPAA hasn't generated benefits while also creating new challenges. "Standards made sense," says Tom Fitzpatrick, Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey's director of enterprise strategic planning, "but no one ever said it would be fast, cheap, or easy [15].
  • Imaging technology puts insurance claims processing in a new time dimension, and Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield has invested in a system it hopes will reshape customers' image of a huge bureaucracy [16].
  • Two current cases--Arizona v. Maricopa County Medical Society (awaiting decision by the Supreme Court) and Kartell v. Blue Shield of Massachusetts, Inc. (pending in the District of Massachusetts)--illustrate the issues raised by efforts to contain health care costs through the setting of maximum fees [17].
  • The 3 highest-scoring websites were Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield (, U.S. National Library of Medicine (, and Healthvision ( [18].

Gene context of copper dihydrate

  • Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association, with the help of agency Age Wave Health Services Inc., develops a program called Ageless Heroes to convey the insurance company's commitment to the concept of healthy aging through National Awards competition and the television program featuring celebrity seniors [19].
  • New paradigm for DM. Eric BOOK, M.D., Senior Vice President, Health Care Services, and Chief Medical Officer of Blue Shield of California, is writing a new script for disease management [20].
  • Calif. Blue Shield, UniHealth unveil proposal to merge [21].
  • The goal of this paper is to review the findings of the 2001 Blue Cross/Blue Shield Association Technology Evaluation Center overview on EPO use in oncology, which served the foundation for the 2002 ASH/ASCO clinical guideline on this subject [22].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of copper dihydrate


  1. Pneumococcal vaccine. Efficacy and associated cost savings. Gable, C.B., Holzer, S.S., Engelhart, L., Friedman, R.B., Smeltz, F., Schroeder, D., Baum, K. JAMA (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Linked insurance-tumor registry database for health services research. Doebbeling, B.N., Wyant, D.K., McCoy, K.D., Riggs, S., Woolson, R.F., Wagner, D., Wilson, R.T., Lynch, C.F. Medical care. (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Survival of pathogenic bacteria in pesticide solutions and on treated tomato plants. Guan, T.T., Blank, G., Holley, R.A. J. Food Prot. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. The payer perspective: Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina's approach to the obesity epidemic. Harris, R.T. North Carolina medical journal. (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. Update: HCFA ESRD managed care demonstration project. Advanced renal options--Blue Cross/Blue Shield. Reynolds, L. Nephrology news & issues. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Accuracy of diagnostic information submitted to an insurance company. Sharfstein, S.S., Towery, O.B., Milowe, I.D. The American journal of psychiatry. (1980) [Pubmed]
  7. Medical comorbidity in women and men with schizophrenia: a population-based controlled study. Carney, C.P., Jones, L., Woolson, R.F. Journal of general internal medicine : official journal of the Society for Research and Education in Primary Care Internal Medicine. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Predicting length of hospital stay for psychiatric inpatients. Kiesler, C.A., Simpkins, C., Morton, T. Hospital & community psychiatry. (1990) [Pubmed]
  9. Paying the physician's fee: Blue Shield and the reasonable charge. Delbanco, T.L., Meyers, K.C., Segal, E.A. N. Engl. J. Med. (1979) [Pubmed]
  10. Consequences of the 1989 New York State triplicate benzodiazepine prescription regulations. Weintraub, M., Singh, S., Byrne, L., Maharaj, K., Guttmacher, L. JAMA (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. A new look at evidence about reduced cost of medical utilization following mental health treatment. Mumford, E., Schlesinger, H.J., Glass, G.V., Patrick, C., Cuerdon, T. The American journal of psychiatry. (1984) [Pubmed]
  12. A sociodemographic and economic comparison of breast reconstruction, mastectomy, and conservative surgery. Desch, C.E., Penberthy, L.T., Hillner, B.E., McDonald, M.K., Smith, T.J., Pozez, A.L., Retchin, S.M. Surgery (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. Functionally specified protein signatures distinctive for each of the different blue copper proteins. Giri, A.V., Anishetty, S., Gautam, P. BMC Bioinformatics (2004) [Pubmed]
  14. Proponent of evidence-based medicine joins Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield. Costante, P.A. New Jersey medicine : the journal of the Medical Society of New Jersey. (2001) [Pubmed]
  15. High standards. A decade after the law went into effect, there is still debate about the pros and cons of the HIPAA privacy and electronic transaction regulations. Edlin, M., Johns, S. AHIP Coverage (2006) [Pubmed]
  16. Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield--the new image maker. Morchower, D.L. Chief information officer journal. (1989) [Pubmed]
  17. Cost containment in the health care field and the antitrust laws. Shapiro, D.I. American journal of law & medicine. (1982) [Pubmed]
  18. BRIEF REPORT: Development of a Prescription Medication Information Webliography for Consumers. Ko, Y., Brown, M., Frost, R., Woosley, R.L. Journal of general internal medicine : official journal of the Society for Research and Education in Primary Care Internal Medicine (2006) [Pubmed]
  19. "Ageless Heroes" define Blues' commitment to baby boomers. Campaign targets marketing to aging population. Herreria, J. Profiles in healthcare marketing. (1998) [Pubmed]
  20. New paradigm for DM. Eric BOOK, M.D., Senior Vice President, Health Care Services, and Chief Medical Officer of Blue Shield of California, is writing a new script for disease management. Kramer, S. Healthcare informatics : the business magazine for information and communication systems. (2006) [Pubmed]
  21. Calif. Blue Shield, UniHealth unveil proposal to merge. de Lafuente, D. Modern healthcare. (1993) [Pubmed]
  22. The blue cross blue shield assessment technology review: summary of findings. Bennett, C.L. Best practice & research. Clinical haematology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  23. Self-reported data: reliability and role in determining program effectiveness. Zaremba, M.M., Willhoite, B., Ra, K. Diabetes Care (1985) [Pubmed]
  24. Clinical outcome of geriatric patients in the United States receiving home parenteral and enteral nutrition. Howard, L., Malone, M. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1997) [Pubmed]
  25. Complementary and alternative medicine use among elderly persons: one-year analysis of a Blue Shield Medicare supplement. Astin, J.A., Pelletier, K.R., Marie, A., Haskell, W.L. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  26. Centers of excellence in bariatric surgery: design, implementation, and one-year outcomes. Bradley, D.W., Sharma, B.K. Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery. (2006) [Pubmed]
  27. Blue Cross/Blue Shield projects take steps to encourage ambulatory surgery expansion. Schaffarzick, R.W. Same-day surgery. (1979) [Pubmed]
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