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Gene Review

alr  -  alanine racemase, biosynthetic, PLP-binding

Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655

Synonyms: ECK4045, JW4013
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Disease relevance of alr


High impact information on alr


Chemical compound and disease context of alr


Biological context of alr


Anatomical context of alr


Associations of alr with chemical compounds


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of alr


  1. The 92-min region of the Escherichia coli chromosome: location and cloning of the ubiA and alr genes. Lilley, P.E., Stamford, N.P., Vasudevan, S.G., Dixon, N.E. Gene (1993) [Pubmed]
  2. Thermostable alanine racemase from Bacillus stearothermophilus: DNA and protein sequence determination and secondary structure prediction. Tanizawa, K., Ohshima, A., Scheidegger, A., Inagaki, K., Tanaka, H., Soda, K. Biochemistry (1988) [Pubmed]
  3. Gene cloning and characterization of alanine racemases from Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella boydii, Shigella flexneri, and Shigella sonnei. Yokoigawa, K., Hirasawa, R., Ueno, H., Okubo, Y., Umesako, S., Soda, K. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Self-protection mechanism in D-cycloserine-producing Streptomyces lavendulae. Gene cloning, characterization, and kinetics of its alanine racemase and D-alanyl-D-alanine ligase, which are target enzymes of D-cycloserine. Noda, M., Kawahara, Y., Ichikawa, A., Matoba, Y., Matsuo, H., Lee, D.G., Kumagai, T., Sugiyama, M. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  5. Structural evidence that alanine racemase from a D-cycloserine-producing microorganism exhibits resistance to its own product. Noda, M., Matoba, Y., Kumagai, T., Sugiyama, M. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. Thermostable alanine racemase from Bacillus stearothermophilus: molecular cloning of the gene, enzyme purification, and characterization. Inagaki, K., Tanizawa, K., Badet, B., Walsh, C.T., Tanaka, H., Soda, K. Biochemistry (1986) [Pubmed]
  7. Inactivation of alanine racemase by beta-chloro-L-alanine released enzymatically from amino acid and peptide C10-esters of deacetylcephalothin. Mobashery, S., Johnston, M. Biochemistry (1987) [Pubmed]
  8. Serine and alanine racemase activities of VanT: a protein necessary for vancomycin resistance in Enterococcus gallinarum BM4174. Arias, C.A., Weisner, J., Blackburn, J.M., Reynolds, P.E. Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Identification of the dadX gene coding for the predominant isozyme of alanine racemase in Escherichia coli K12. Wild, J., Hennig, J., Lobocka, M., Walczak, W., Kłopotowski, T. Mol. Gen. Genet. (1985) [Pubmed]
  10. Mechanism-based inactivation of alanine racemase by 3-halovinylglycines. Thornberry, N.A., Bull, H.G., Taub, D., Wilson, K.E., Giménez-Gallego, G., Rosegay, A., Soderman, D.D., Patchett, A.A. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
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