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MeSH Review

Focus Groups

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Disease relevance of Focus Groups

  • METHODS: All people given positive results of genetic testing for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations at either of 2 familial breast cancer clinics were invited to participate in a focus group and complete a questionnaire [1].
  • To determine the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of home management of febrile convulsion (FC), by mothers in the community, focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted in two communities, Uselu (urban) and Evbuomodu village (rural), both in Edo State, Southern Nigeria. The study was conducted between December 2000 and February 2001 [2].
  • RESULTS: Six key themes emerged from the analysis of the focus group interaction, including issues surrounding (1) Diagnosis; (2) Treatment and prognosis; (3) Chest pain as a chronic, multifactorial, or comorbid condition; (4) Inter-professional coordination of care; (5) Best practices and standardization of care; and (6) Training and education [3].
  • Using a participatory action research approach, data were collected in two phases of focus group discussions in five African Nova Scotian communities from a total of 57 people, including those with breast or prostate cancer and their families and associates [4].
  • METHODS: Focus groups were used to construct the pilot version of the DISABKIDS condition-specific HRQoL modules for asthma, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, atopic dermatitis, cerebral palsy, cystic fibrosis, diabetes and epilepsy [5].

Psychiatry related information on Focus Groups

  • METHODS: The ICF Core Set development involved a formal decision-making and consensus process, integrating evidence gathered from preliminary studies including focus groups of health professionals, a systematic review of the literature and empiric data collection from patients [6].
  • Drawing on experience from three local authority initiatives and wider experience with Best Value, the paper describes the development of user focus groups for helping review adult placement, outreach and day services for people with learning disabilities [7].
  • To explore barriers to quitting and interest in tobacco harm reduction we conducted focus groups and interviews among 78 patients from five Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) sites [8].
  • Through focus group methodology, the study examines three contexts that delineate the co-occurrence of intimate partner violence and sexual risk behaviors among 68 women on methadone [9].
  • METHODS: Focus group taped interviews were conducted with over 100 mental health professionals in one NHS Trust [10].

High impact information on Focus Groups

  • DATA SOURCES: Focus group studies conducted by professional advertising agencies that contract with California, Massachusetts, and Michigan to run their antismoking advertising campaigns, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Media Campaign Resource Book, and copies of the advertisements [11].
  • A focus group of six middle school teachers formulated questions that they would ask in trying to decide whether they wanted carrier screening for CF [12].
  • METHODS: Items were developed from a systematic review of published HRQOL measures and transcripts of RA patient focus groups [13].
  • METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire, originally designed by the authors and subsequently revised with the aid of a patient focus group, was completed by 60 patients with well-defined features of WG [14].
  • METHODS: To assess clinicians' perceptions of AR, barriers and facilitators to preventing AR, and how best to reach clinicians, a questionnaire and 4 focus groups were conducted after presentation of the Campaign at 4 Pittsburgh Regional Healthcare Initiative hospitals [15].

Chemical compound and disease context of Focus Groups

  • The study reported here assessed the knowledge and attitude of 26 broadly selected women with an elevated risk for breast cancer who participated in three focus groups (eight to ten per group) that discussed the use of SERMs, such as tamoxifen and raloxifen [16].

Biological context of Focus Groups


Anatomical context of Focus Groups

  • This is a reliable method to infer the side of the epileptogenic focus in temporal lobe epilepsy since a close correlation was disclosed between the side with more atrophic features of the hippocampus and that of the epileptogenic focus explored by depth EEG, in particular, in the mesial temporal focus group [19].

Associations of Focus Groups with chemical compounds

  • METHODS: The Computer and Instrumentation Council of the Society of Nuclear Medicine convened an Internet Focus group to discuss collaboration using the Internet. The prototype application considered was development of case-based teaching files using the World-Wide-Web [20].
  • Twenty-seven of the nonresponders who did not recall receiving the cholesterol reminder participated in the focus groups [21].
  • A study utilizing focus-group discussion to assess users' attitudes to NORPLANT has indicated the need to improve the informational/educational package given in the service by emphasizing certain cultural considerations [22].
  • In what circumstances is melatonin a useful sleep therapy? Consensus statement, WFSRS focus group, Dresden, November 1999 [23].
  • SETTINGS: Focus groups were held in community settings in New Hampshire, Washington, DC, Cleveland, OH, and Columbia, SC [24].

Gene context of Focus Groups

  • Psychosocial issues following a positive result of genetic testing for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations: findings from a focus group and a needs-assessment survey [1].
  • METHODS: Separate focus groups for patients treated with infliximab (n = 7) and etanercept (n = 12) were undertaken [25].
  • METHODS: We conducted a series of focus groups to explore GPs' beliefs regarding the causes of ADHD, their perceived role in ADHD diagnosis and management and their views on the role of behaviour therapies and pharmacotherapies in ADHD management [26].
  • This exploratory study used focus group methods to identify strategies that promote parent involvement with young children in an alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) prevention program [27].
  • We ranked key facts that experts and couples thought men ought to know before consenting to PSA screening and conducted a multidisciplinary focus group to help interpret the findings [28].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Focus Groups


  1. Psychosocial issues following a positive result of genetic testing for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations: findings from a focus group and a needs-assessment survey. Di Prospero, L.S., Seminsky, M., Honeyford, J., Doan, B., Franssen, E., Meschino, W., Chart, P., Warner, E. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne. (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Home management of febrile convulsion in an African population: a comparison of urban and rural mothers' knowledge attitude and practice. Ofovwe, G.E., Ibadin, O.M., Ofovwe, E.C., Okolo, A.A. J. Neurol. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Management of chest pain: exploring the views and experiences of chiropractors and medical practitioners in a focus group interview. Smith, M., Lawrence, D.J., Rowell, R.M. Chiropractic & osteopathy [electronic resource]. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Gendered and cultured relations: exploring African Nova Scotians' perceptions and experiences of breast and prostate cancer. Evans, J., Butler, L., Etowa, J., Crawley, I., Rayson, D., Bell, D.G. Research and theory for nursing practice. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. The European DISABKIDS project: development of seven condition-specific modules to measure health related quality of life in children and adolescents. Baars, R.M., Atherton, C.I., Koopman, H.M., Bullinger, M., Power, M. Health and quality of life outcomes [electronic resource]. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. ICF Core Set for patients with neurological conditions in the acute hospital. Ewert, T., Grill, E., Bartholomeyczik, S., Finger, M., Mokrusch, T., Kostanjsek, N., Stucki, G. Disability and rehabilitation. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. User focus groups and Best Value in services for people with learning disabilities. Cambridge, P., McCarthy, M. Health & social care in the community. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Patients' views on smoking cessation and tobacco harm reduction during drug treatment. Richter, K.P., McCool, R.M., Okuyemi, K.S., Mayo, M.S., Ahluwalia, J.S. Nicotine Tob. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Fear and violence: raising the HIV stakes. El-Bassel, N., Gilbert, L., Rajah, V., Foleno, A., Frye, V. AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Managing the unmanageable: risk assessment and risk management in contemporary professional practice. Raven, J., Rix, P. Journal of nursing management. (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. Evaluation of antismoking advertising campaigns. Goldman, L.K., Glantz, S.A. JAMA (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Involving consumers in the development of an educational program for cystic fibrosis carrier screening. Myers, M.F., Bernhardt, B.A., Tambor, E.S., Holtzman, N.A. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1994) [Pubmed]
  13. Development of a new instrument for rheumatoid arthritis: the Cedars-Sinai Health-Related Quality of Life instrument (CSHQ-RA). Weisman, M.H., Paulus, H.E., Russak, S.M., Lubeck, D.P., Chiou, C.F., Sengupta, N., Ofman, J.J., Borenstein, J., Moadel, A.B., Sherbourne, C.D., Paulus, H.D. Arthritis Rheum. (2003) [Pubmed]
  14. Wegener's granulomatosis: patient-reported effects of disease on health, function, and income. Hoffman, G.S., Drucker, Y., Cotch, M.F., Locker, G.A., Easley, K., Kwoh, K. Arthritis Rheum. (1998) [Pubmed]
  15. Clinicians' perceptions of the problem of antimicrobial resistance in health care facilities. Giblin, T.B., Sinkowitz-Cochran, R.L., Harris, P.L., Jacobs, S., Liberatore, K., Palfreyman, M.A., Harrison, E.I., Cardo, D.M. Arch. Intern. Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
  16. Chemoprevention of breast cancer with selective estrogen receptor modulators: views from broadly diverse focus groups of women with elevated risk for breast cancer. Cyrus-David, M.S., Strom, S.S. Psycho-oncology. (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Rheumatology outcomes: the patient's perspective. A multicentre focus group interview study of Swedish rheumatoid arthritis patients. Ahlmén, M., Nordenskiöld, U., Archenholtz, B., Thyberg, I., Rönnqvist, R., Lindén, L., Andersson, A.K., Mannerkorpi, K. Rheumatology (Oxford, England) (2005) [Pubmed]
  18. Residents' perceptions of the effects of work hour limitations at a large teaching hospital. Lin, G.A., Beck, D.C., Garbutt, J.M. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. (2006) [Pubmed]
  19. A correlative study between hippocampal atrophy quantified by tomo-pneumoencephalography and epileptogenic focus in temporal lobe epilepsy. Tottori, T., Mihara, T., Matsuda, K., Watanabe, Y., Yagi, K., Seino, M., Asakura, T. Jpn. J. Psychiatry Neurol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  20. Collaboration using Internet for the development of case-based teaching files: report of the Computer and Instrumentation Council Internet Focus Group. Parker, J.A., Wallis, J.W., Halama, J.R., Brown, C.V., Cradduck, T.D., Graham, M.M., Wu, E., Wagenaar, D.J., Mammone, G.L., Greenes, R.A., Holman, B.L. J. Nucl. Med. (1996) [Pubmed]
  21. Barriers to adherence to preventive services reminder letters: the patient's perspective. Ornstein, S.M., Musham, C., Reid, A., Jenkins, R.G., Zemp, L.D., Garr, D.R. The Journal of family practice. (1993) [Pubmed]
  22. Experience with NORPLANT in Egypt. Shaaban, M.M. Ann. Med. (1993) [Pubmed]
  23. In what circumstances is melatonin a useful sleep therapy? Consensus statement, WFSRS focus group, Dresden, November 1999. Arendt, J. Journal of sleep research. (2000) [Pubmed]
  24. MediCaring: development and test marketing of a supportive care benefit for older people. Lynn, J., O'Connor, M.A., Dulac, J.D., Roach, M.J., Ross, C.S., Wasson, J.H. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. (1999) [Pubmed]
  25. Patients' perceptions of treatment with anti-TNF therapy for rheumatoid arthritis: a qualitative study. Marshall, N.J., Wilson, G., Lapworth, K., Kay, L.J. Rheumatology (Oxford, England) (2004) [Pubmed]
  26. A qualitative study of Australian GPs' attitudes and practices in the diagnosis and management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Shaw, K., Wagner, I., Eastwood, H., Mitchell, G. Family practice. (2003) [Pubmed]
  27. Cues to parent involvement in drug prevention and school activities. Hahn, E.J., Simpson, M.R., Kidd, P. The Journal of school health. (1996) [Pubmed]
  28. What should men know about prostate-specific antigen screening before giving informed consent? Chan, E.C., Sulmasy, D.P. Am. J. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  29. Acceptability of once-a-month injectable contraceptives Cyclofem and Mesigyna: focus group discussion. el Nahal, N., Hassan, E.O., el Houssinie, M. Contraception. (1999) [Pubmed]
  30. Communication about sexual problems in male patients with multiple sclerosis. Rubin, R. Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987) (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Knowledge, beliefs and practices relevant for malaria control in an endemic urban area of the Colombian Pacific. Nieto, T., Méndez, F., Carrasquilla, G. Social science & medicine (1982) (1999) [Pubmed]
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