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MeSH Review

Brachiocephalic Veins

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Disease relevance of Brachiocephalic Veins


High impact information on Brachiocephalic Veins

  • We describe an alternative operative approach in a group of patients who had superior vena cava syndrome after the Mustard procedure: anastomosis of the innominate vein to the left atrial appendage [6].
  • Persistent left superior vena cava. Use of an innominate vein between left and right superior caval veins for the placement of a right ventricular lead during ICD/CRT implantation [7].
  • The remaining 2 patients required conversion to sternotomy, the one for insufficient sternal lifting with vascular tape and the other for invasion of a thymoma to the innominate vein [8].
  • Therapy included high-dose amphotericin B, serial wound debridements pending bone marrow recovery, and definitive resection of the infected chest wall and thrombosed internal jugular, subclavian, and innominate veins [9].
  • Catheter tips positioned in the brachiocephalic vein or in the cranial part of the superior vena cava were associated with a high risk of thrombosis [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Brachiocephalic Veins


Anatomical context of Brachiocephalic Veins


Associations of Brachiocephalic Veins with chemical compounds

  • Because of its ability to image in a coronal plane, MRI scanning is another nonivasive study that we have found useful for evaluation of venous anatomy and patency of the subclavian, jugular, and innominate veins [17].
  • Acetylcholine (ACh, 10(-10)-10(-6) M) caused marked endothelium-dependent relaxations in the external jugular vein, superior vena cava, brachiocephalic vein, segment A (supradiaphragmatic portion) and D (infrarenal portion) of the inferior vena cava [18].
  • The response to HgCl2 resulted in the highest stimulation of the DNA synthesis in cells from the thymic and the brachiocephalic veins, though the differences were not significant [19].
  • Two cases of disinsertion of the left innominate vein from the superior vena cava (S.V.C.) during primary median sternotomy have been encountered during the past 6 years [20].

Gene context of Brachiocephalic Veins


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Brachiocephalic Veins


  1. Optimal electrode position for transvenous defibrillation: a prospective randomized study. Stajduhar, K.C., Ott, G.Y., Kron, J., McAnulty, J.H., Oliver, R.P., Reynolds, B.T., Adler, S.W., Halperin, B.D. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  2. Aneurysm of the superior mediastinal veins. Pasic, M., Schöpke, W., Vogt, P., von Segesser, L., Schneider, J., Turina, M. J. Vasc. Surg. (1995) [Pubmed]
  3. Retroaortic innominate vein with coarctation of the aorta: surgical repair and embryology review. Konstantinov, I.E., Van Arsdell, G.S., O'Blenes, S., Roy, N., Campbell, A. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Operative correction of total left anomalous pulmonary venous return. Ports, T.A., Turley, K., Brundage, B.H., Ebert, P.A. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1979) [Pubmed]
  5. Management of empyema complicating lobectomy with superior vena cava replacement. Alifano, M., Puyo, P., Magdeleinat, P., Levasseur, P., Regnard, J.F. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Severe superior vena cava syndrome and hydrocephalus after the Mustard procedure: findings and a new surgical approach. Coulson, J.D., Pitlick, P.T., Miller, D.C., French, J.W., Marshall, W.H., Fryer, A.D., Shumway, N.E. Circulation (1984) [Pubmed]
  7. Persistent left superior vena cava. Use of an innominate vein between left and right superior caval veins for the placement of a right ventricular lead during ICD/CRT implantation. Larsen, A.I., Nilsen, D.W. Eur. Heart J. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Infrasternal mediastinoscopic thymectomy in myasthenia gravis: surgical results in 23 patients. Uchiyama, A., Shimizu, S., Murai, H., Kuroki, S., Okido, M., Tanaka, M. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. Resection of chest wall and central veins for invasive cutaneous aspergillus infection in an immunocompromised patient. Buescher, T.M., Moritz, D.M., Killyon, G.W. Chest (1994) [Pubmed]
  10. Catheter tip position as a risk factor for thrombosis associated with the use of subcutaneous infusion ports. Caers, J., Fontaine, C., Vinh-Hung, V., De Mey, J., Ponnet, G., Oost, C., Lamote, J., De Greve, J., Van Camp, B., Lacor, P. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Thrombotic complications of subclavian apheresis catheters in cancer patients: prevention with heparin infusion. Haire, W.D., Edney, J.A., Landmark, J.D., Kessinger, A. Journal of clinical apheresis. (1990) [Pubmed]
  12. Cardiac transplantation in situs inversus. Doty, D.B., Renlund, D.G., Caputo, G.R., Burton, N.A., Jones, K.W. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (1990) [Pubmed]
  13. Excision of an invasive thymoma: a cure for ulcerative colitis? Okubo, K., Kondo, N., Okamoto, T., Isobe, J., Ueno, Y. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Congenital systemic arteriovenous fistula between the descending aorta, azygos vein, and superior vena cava. Soler, P., Mehta, A.V., Garcia, O.L., Kaiser, G., Tamer, D. Chest (1981) [Pubmed]
  15. Perigraft to right atrial shunt by using autologous pericardium for control of bleeding in acute type A dissections. Posacioglu, H., Apaydin, A.Z., Calkavur, T., Yagdi, T., Islamoglu, F. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Abdominal CT findings when the superior vena cava, brachiocephalic vein, or subclavian vein is obstructed. Bashist, B., Parisi, A., Frager, D.H., Suster, B. AJR. American journal of roentgenology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. Noninvasive evaluation of the upper extremity. Baxter, B.T., Blackburn, D., Payne, K., Pearce, W.H., Yao, J.S. Surg. Clin. North Am. (1990) [Pubmed]
  18. A regional difference in endothelium-dependent relaxation responses to acetylcholine in the canine venous system. Furuta, T., Shigei, T. Jpn. J. Pharmacol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  19. Enhanced mitogenic reactivity of human T cells after passage through the thymus. Response to phytohemagglutinin and mercuric chloride. Nordlind, K., Ernström, U., Henze, A. Int. Arch. Allergy Appl. Immunol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  20. Avulsion of the innominate vein during median sternotomy. Hines, G.L. The Journal of cardiovascular surgery. (1981) [Pubmed]
  21. Paradoxical cerebral embolism in a patient with Paget-Schroetter syndrome. Aoyama, T., Suehiro, S., Shibata, T., Sasaki, Y., Fujii, H. Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia. (2005) [Pubmed]
  22. Left internal mammary artery to innominate vein fistula complicating pacemaker insertion. Treatment with endovascular transarterial coil embolization. Anguera, I., Real, I., Morales, M., Vázquez, F., Montaña, X., Paré, C. The Journal of cardiovascular surgery. (1999) [Pubmed]
  23. Brachiocephalic vein thrombus of papillary thyroid cancer: report of a case. Koike, E., Yamashita, H., Watanabe, S., Yamashita, H., Noguchi, S. Surgery today. (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Surgical treatment for invasive thymoma, especially when the superior vena cava is invaded. Yagi, K., Hirata, T., Fukuse, T., Yokomise, H., Inui, K., Ike, O., Mizuno, H., Aoki, M., Hitomi, S., Wada, H. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1996) [Pubmed]
  25. Prevalence of central venous occlusion in patients with chronic defibrillator leads. Sticherling, C., Chough, S.P., Baker, R.L., Wasmer, K., Oral, H., Tada, H., Horwood, L., Kim, M.H., Pelosi, F., Michaud, G.F., Strickberger, S.A., Morady, F., Knight, B.P. Am. Heart J. (2001) [Pubmed]
  26. Surgical treatment of thymic cysts and neoplasms in children. Welch, K.J., Tapper, D., Vawter, G.P. J. Pediatr. Surg. (1979) [Pubmed]
  27. Stent dilation of superior vena cava and innominate vein obstructions permits transvenous pacing lead implantation. Ing, F.F., Mullins, C.E., Grifka, R.G., Nihill, M.R., Fenrich, A.L., Collins, E.L., Friedman, R.A. Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE. (1998) [Pubmed]
  28. Anomalous subaortic position of the brachiocephalic vein (innominate vein): an echocardiographic study. Choi, J.Y., Jung, M.J., Kim, Y.H., Noh, C.I., Yun, Y.S. British heart journal. (1990) [Pubmed]
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