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MeSH Review

Intercostal Nerves

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Disease relevance of Intercostal Nerves


High impact information on Intercostal Nerves

  • This aberrant gene expression is accompanied by topological disorganization of motor columns, loss of the phrenic and abducens nerves, and intercostal nerve pathfinding defects [6].
  • The 60 kDa protein is expressed at higher levels in rostral than in caudal intercostal nerves, and is identified as the intermediate filament protein peripherin [7].
  • Intercostal nerve block and bromocryptine treatment reduced prolactin levels to normal, but did not noticably reduce milk secretion [8].
  • The normal efferent inspiratory discharges recorded from external intercostal nerve filaments caudal to the upper lesion were greatly reduced acutely, but activity of approximately normal intensity and phase at eupneoic levels of CO2 was restored within a few days and remained at similar levels for up to two years [9].
  • Second, neurofilament immunostaining and DiI tracing demonstrated axons crossing the junction between the two pieces of spinal cord or growing through the intercostal nerve segments, and these axons were seen only in cultures with aFGF treatment [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Intercostal Nerves


Biological context of Intercostal Nerves


Anatomical context of Intercostal Nerves


Associations of Intercostal Nerves with chemical compounds


Gene context of Intercostal Nerves

  • One patient reported the onset of paraesthesia in the left hypocondrium on the distribution area of the transected T10 and T11 intercostal nerves; slight paraesthesia still remains 15 months from surgery [25].
  • T9 and T10 intercostal nerve was thought to be the most suitable nerve as the donor nerve, and the T11 and T12 intercostal nerve could not be free from its intra-muscular course sufficiently to be use as donor [26].
  • We studied the postoperative course of 20 consecutive patients with T10 to 12 flank incisions, half of whom had intraoperative bupivacaine intercostal nerve blocks [27].
  • Group A (n = 16) was submitted to thoracoscopic, internal intercostal nerve blocks performed at T2, T3, and T4 intercostal levels using 3 cc of 0.5% bupivacain in each intercostal space [28].
  • Concentrations ranging from 0.3125% to 5.0% in microcapsules were compared with 0.25% aqueous bupivacaine (bilateral injection, three intercostal nerves, 2 mL per nerve) (Part 1) [29].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Intercostal Nerves


  1. Epidural morphine for postoperative pain relief: a comparative study with intramuscular narcotic and intercostal nerve block. Rawal, N., Sjöstrand, U.H., Dahlström, B., Nydahl, P.A., Ostelius, J. Anesth. Analg. (1982) [Pubmed]
  2. Acute bronchospasm complicating intercostal nerve block with phenol. Atkinson, G.L., Shupak, R.C. Anesth. Analg. (1989) [Pubmed]
  3. Treatment of intercostal neuralgia with 10 per cent ammonium sulfate. Miller, R.D., Johnston, R.R., Hosobuchi, Y. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (1975) [Pubmed]
  4. Galactorrhoea and amenorrhoea due to an intradural neurinoma originating from a thoracic intercostal nerve radicle. Katsuren, E., Ishikawa, S., Honda, K., Saito, T. Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. Analgesic and pulmonary effects of continuous intercostal nerve block following thoracotomy. Chan, V.W., Chung, F., Cheng, D.C., Seyone, C., Chung, A., Kirby, T.J. Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthésie. (1991) [Pubmed]
  6. Active suppression of interneuron programs within developing motor neurons revealed by analysis of homeodomain factor HB9. Thaler, J., Harrison, K., Sharma, K., Lettieri, K., Kehrl, J., Pfaff, S.L. Neuron (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. Surface and cytoskeletal markers of rostrocaudal position in the mammalian nervous system. Kaprielian, Z., Patterson, P.H. J. Neurosci. (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. Galactorrhea and hyperprolactinemia associated with chest wall injury. Morley, J.E., Dawson, M., Hodgkinson, H., Kalk, W.J. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1977) [Pubmed]
  9. Restoration of function in external intercostal motoneurones of the cat following partial central deafferentation. Kirkwood, P.A., Sears, T.A., Westgaard, R.H. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1984) [Pubmed]
  10. AFGF promotes axonal growth in rat spinal cord organotypic slice co-cultures. Lee, Y.S., Baratta, J., Yu, J., Lin, V.W., Robertson, R.T. J. Neurotrauma (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Pain control after thoracotomy: bupivacaine versus lidocaine in continuous extrapleural intercostal nerve blockade. Watson, D.S., Panian, S., Kendall, V., Maher, D.P., Peters, G. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Hypokalemia from intercostal nerve block. Löfgren, A., Hahn, R.G. Regional anesthesia. (1994) [Pubmed]
  13. Intrathoracic intercostal nerve block with phenol in open chest surgery. A randomized study with statistical evaluation of respiratory parameters. Roviaro, G.C., Varoli, F., Fascianella, A., Mariani, C., Ramella, G., Ceccopieri, M., Pezzuoli, G. Chest (1986) [Pubmed]
  14. Preconditioning somatothermal stimulation on right seventh intercostal nerve territory increases hepatic heat shock protein 70 and protects the liver from ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Lin, Y.H., Chiu, J.H., Tung, H.H., Tsou, M.T., Lui, W.Y., Wu, C.W. J. Surg. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
  15. Comparison of plasma lidocaine concentrations after injection of a fixed small volume in the stellate ganglion, the lumbar epidural space, or a single intercostal nerve. Yokoyama, M., Mizobuchi, S., Nakatsuka, H., Hirakawa, M. Anesth. Analg. (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. Thoracic expiratory motor neurons of the rat: localization and sites of origin of their premotor neurons. Saji, M., Miura, M. Brain Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
  17. An intracellular study of the synaptic input to sympathetic preganglionic neurones of the third thoracic segment of the cat. Dembowsky, K., Czachurski, J., Seller, H. J. Auton. Nerv. Syst. (1985) [Pubmed]
  18. Effects of intercostal nerve blocks (etidocaine 0.5%) on chest wall mechanics in cholecystectomized patients. Jakobson, S., Ivarsson, I. Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. (1977) [Pubmed]
  19. Restoration of shoulder abduction by nerve transfer in avulsed brachial plexus injury: evaluation of 99 patients with various nerve transfers. Chuang, D.C., Lee, G.W., Hashem, F., Wei, F.C. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (1995) [Pubmed]
  20. Arterial and venous plasma levels of bupivacaine following epidural and intercostal nerve blocks. Moore, D.C., Mather, L.E., Bridenbaugh, P.O., Bridenbaugh, L.D., Balfour, R.I., Lysons, D.F., Horton, W.G. Anesthesiology (1976) [Pubmed]
  21. Continuous intercostal nerve block for pain relief after lumbar incision. Ishizuka, E., Iwasaki, A., Okutsu, Y., Kobayashi, T. J. Urol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  22. Bleeding after intercostal nerve block in a patient anticoagulated with heparin. Nielsen, C.H. Anesthesiology (1989) [Pubmed]
  23. Spontaneous synchronized neural activity in decerebrate gallamine-paralysed cats. Burke, W., Sears, T.A., Seers, C. Neuroscience (1995) [Pubmed]
  24. Tube thoracostomy. Richards, V. The Journal of family practice. (1978) [Pubmed]
  25. Thoracoscopic techniques in the management of benign mediastinal dumbbell tumors. Negri, G., Puglisi, A., Gerevini, S., Voci, C., Zannini, P. Surgical endoscopy. (2001) [Pubmed]
  26. Intercostal nerve neurotization of the femoral nerve in patients with paraplegia--an anatomical feasibility study. Lim, H.H., Baskaran, n.u.l.l. Med. J. Malaysia (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. Intercostal nerve block with flank incision. Noller, D.W., Gillenwater, J.Y., Howards, S.S., Vaughan, E.D. J. Urol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  28. The efficacy of intraoperative internal intercostal nerve block during video-assisted thoracic surgery on postoperative pain. Bolotin, G., Lazarovici, H., Uretzky, G., Zlotnick, A.Y., Tamir, A., Saute, M. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2000) [Pubmed]
  29. The dose response and effects of dexamethasone on bupivacaine microcapsules for intercostal blockade (T9 to T11) in healthy volunteers. Kopacz, D.J., Lacouture, P.G., Wu, D., Nandy, P., Swanton, R., Landau, C. Anesth. Analg. (2003) [Pubmed]
  30. Perineuronal morphine in intercostal block. Sternlo, J.E., Hägerdal, M. Anaesthesia. (1992) [Pubmed]
  31. Intraoperative intercostal nerve blockade for postthoracotomy pain. Takamori, S., Yoshida, S., Hayashi, A., Matsuo, T., Mitsuoka, M., Shirouzu, K. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2002) [Pubmed]
  32. Functioning free muscle transplantation for brachial plexus injury. Chuang, D.C. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  33. Interpleural administration of bupivacaine after cholecystectomy: a comparison with intercostal nerve block. Blake, D.W., Donnan, G., Novella, J. Anaesthesia and intensive care. (1989) [Pubmed]
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