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MeSH Review

Anesthesia, Epidural

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Disease relevance of Anesthesia, Epidural


High impact information on Anesthesia, Epidural


Chemical compound and disease context of Anesthesia, Epidural


Biological context of Anesthesia, Epidural


Anatomical context of Anesthesia, Epidural


Associations of Anesthesia, Epidural with chemical compounds


Gene context of Anesthesia, Epidural

  • Interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha blood levels were measured prior to epidural anesthesia and at 0, 30, 60, and 120 minutes after initiation of the transfusion [29].
  • Effects of surgery and general or epidural anesthesia on plasma levels of cortisol, growth hormone and prolactin in infants under one year of age [30].
  • In contrast during submaximal exercise, plasma concentrations of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and beta-endorphin increased only in experiments without epidural anesthesia [31].
  • CONCLUSION: Epidural anesthesia can preserve fibrinolytic function after lower-abdomen surgery by the inhibitory effects on surgical stress, PAI-1 and other mechanisms [32].
  • By use of intravenously injected 133Xe, intervillous blood flow was measured before and 15-20 min after epidural anesthesia to a somatic level of at least T10 [26].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Anesthesia, Epidural


  1. The hemodynamic and fibrinolytic response to low dose epinephrine and phenylephrine infusions during total hip replacement under epidural anesthesia. Sharrock, N.E., Go, G., Mineo, R., Harpel, P.C. Thromb. Haemost. (1992) [Pubmed]
  2. Does ritodrine worsen maternal hypotension during epidural anesthesia in gravid ewes? Chestnut, D.H., Pollack, K.L., Thompson, C.S., DeBruyn, C.S., Weiner, C.P. Anesthesiology (1990) [Pubmed]
  3. Back pain after epidural anesthesia with chloroprocaine. Stevens, R.A., Urmey, W.F., Urquhart, B.L., Kao, T.C. Anesthesiology (1993) [Pubmed]
  4. Epinephrine should not be used with local anesthetics for epidural anesthesia in pre-eclampsia. Robinson, D.A. Anesthesiology (1987) [Pubmed]
  5. Bradycardia during epidural anesthesia in a patient receiving guanfacine. Burney, R.G. Anesthesiology (1992) [Pubmed]
  6. Effect of epidural vs parenteral opioid analgesia on the progress of labor: a meta-analysis. Halpern, S.H., Leighton, B.L., Ohlsson, A., Barrett, J.F., Rice, A. JAMA (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. Effects of sympathetic nerve blockade on vasoconstrictive properties of nitric oxide synthase inhibition in sheep. Booke, M., Waurick, R., Van Aken, H., Bone, H.G., Meissner, A., Prien, T., Meyer, J. Cardiovasc. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  8. Factors affecting the spread and duration of epidural anesthesia with ropivacaine. Higuchi, H., Adachi, Y., Kazama, T. Anesthesiology (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Electroencephalographic bicoherence is sensitive to noxious stimuli during isoflurane or sevoflurane anesthesia. Hagihira, S., Takashina, M., Mori, T., Ueyama, H., Mashimo, T. Anesthesiology (2004) [Pubmed]
  10. Prevention of porcine malignant hyperthermia by epidural block. Kerr, D.D., Wingard, D.W., Gatz, E.E. Anesthesiology (1975) [Pubmed]
  11. Pharmacokinetics and cardiovascular effects of bupivacaine during epidural anesthesia in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Murat, I., Esteve, C., Montay, G., Delleur, M.M., Gaudiche, O., Saint-Maurice, C. Anesthesiology (1987) [Pubmed]
  12. Sympathetic blockade by epidural anesthesia attenuates the cardiovascular response to severe hypoxemia. Peters, J., Kutkuhn, B., Medert, H.A., Schlaghecke, R., Schüttler, J., Arndt, J.O. Anesthesiology (1990) [Pubmed]
  13. Spinal-epidural hematoma following epidural anesthesia in the presence of antiplatelet and heparin therapy. Litz, R.J., Hübler, M., Koch, T., Albrecht, D.M. Anesthesiology (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Physiologic responses to hyperthermia during epidural anesthesia and combined epidural/enflurane anesthesia in women. Lopez, M., Ozaki, M., Sessler, D.I., Valdes, M. Anesthesiology (1993) [Pubmed]
  15. Magnesium sulfate decreases maternal blood pressure but not uterine blood flow during epidural anesthesia in gravid ewes. Vincent, R.D., Chestnut, D.H., Sipes, S.L., Weiner, C.P., DeBruyn, C.S., Bleuer, S.A. Anesthesiology (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Effect of lidocaine on neutrophil chemotaxis in newborn infants. Gasparoni, A., De Amici, D., Ciardelli, L., Autelli, M., Regazzi-Bonora, M., Bartoli, A., Chirico, G., Rondini, G. J. Clin. Immunol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. Systemic and regional blood flow during epidural anesthesia without epinephrine in the rhesus monkey. Sivarajan, M., Amory, D.W., Lindbloom, L.E. Anesthesiology (1976) [Pubmed]
  18. Effects of epidural anesthesia on catecholamines, renin activity, and vasopressin changes induced by tilt in elderly men. Ecoffey, C., Edouard, A., Pruszczynski, W., Taly, E., Samii, K. Anesthesiology (1985) [Pubmed]
  19. Epidural anesthesia in the normotensive pregnant ewe: Effects on uterine blood flow and fetal acid-base status. Wallis, K.L., Shnider, S.M., Hicks, J.S., Spivey, H.T. Anesthesiology (1976) [Pubmed]
  20. Effects of thoracic epidural anesthesia on coronary arteries and arterioles in patients with coronary artery disease. Blomberg, S., Emanuelsson, H., Kvist, H., Lamm, C., Pontén, J., Waagstein, F., Ricksten, S.E. Anesthesiology (1990) [Pubmed]
  21. Venoconstrictor agents mobilize blood from different sources and increase intrathoracic filling during epidural anesthesia in supine humans. Stanton-Hicks, M., Höck, A., Stühmeier, K.D., Arndt, J.O. Anesthesiology (1987) [Pubmed]
  22. Augmentation of calf blood flow by epinephrine infusion during lumbar epidural anesthesia. Bading, B., Blank, S.G., Sculco, T.P., Pickering, T.G., Sharrock, N.E. Anesth. Analg. (1994) [Pubmed]
  23. Prolonged spinal nerve involvement after epidural anesthesia with etidocaine. Ramanathan, S., Chalon, J., Richards, M., Patel, C., Turndorf, H. Anesth. Analg. (1978) [Pubmed]
  24. Does spinal anesthesia result in a more complete sympathetic block than that from epidural anesthesia? Stevens, R.A., Beardsley, D., White, J.L., Kao, T.C., Gantt, R., Holman, S. Anesthesiology (1995) [Pubmed]
  25. Epidural anesthesia impairs both central and peripheral thermoregulatory control during general anesthesia. Joris, J., Ozaki, M., Sessler, D.I., Hardy, A.F., Lamy, M., McGuire, J., Blanchard, D., Schroeder, M., Moayeri, A. Anesthesiology (1994) [Pubmed]
  26. Epinephrine does not alter human intervillous blood flow during epidural anesthesia. Albright, G.A., Jouppila, R., Hollmén, A.I., Jouppila, P., Vierola, H., Koivula, A. Anesthesiology (1981) [Pubmed]
  27. Effects of concentration and volume of 2-chloroprocaine on epidural anesthesia in volunteers. Liu, S.S., Ware, P.D., Rajendran, S. Anesthesiology (1997) [Pubmed]
  28. Propofol causes a dose-dependent decrease in the thermoregulatory threshold for vasoconstriction but has little effect on sweating. Leslie, K., Sessler, D.I., Bjorksten, A.R., Ozaki, M., Matsukawa, T., Schroeder, M., Lin, S. Anesthesiology (1994) [Pubmed]
  29. Cytokine levels after transfusion of washed wound drainage in total knee arthroplasty: a randomized trial comparing autologous blood and washed wound drainage. Bottner, F., Sheth, N., Chimento, G.F., Sculco, T.P. The journal of knee surgery. (2003) [Pubmed]
  30. Effects of surgery and general or epidural anesthesia on plasma levels of cortisol, growth hormone and prolactin in infants under one year of age. Salerno, R., Forti, G., Busoni, P., Casadio, C. J. Endocrinol. Invest. (1989) [Pubmed]
  31. Hormonal and metabolic responses to exercise in humans: effect of sensory nervous blockade. Kjaer, M., Secher, N.H., Bach, F.W., Sheikh, S., Galbo, H. Am. J. Physiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  32. Epidural anesthesia can protect fibrinolytic function after surgery. Wang, T.L., Qi, Y.Q., Yang, B.X., Zhao, L. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao (2004) [Pubmed]
  33. Intravenous remifentanil: placental transfer, maternal and neonatal effects. Kan, R.E., Hughes, S.C., Rosen, M.A., Kessin, C., Preston, P.G., Lobo, E.P. Anesthesiology (1998) [Pubmed]
  34. Determinants of catecholamine and cortisol responses to lower extremity revascularization. The PIRAT Study Group. Breslow, M.J., Parker, S.D., Frank, S.M., Norris, E.J., Yates, H., Raff, H., Rock, P., Christopherson, R., Rosenfeld, B.A., Beattie, C. Anesthesiology (1993) [Pubmed]
  35. Cardiovascular effects of ketamine in humans with cervical or lumbar epidural blockade. Mayumi, T., Dohi, S., Takahashi, T. Anesthesiology (1985) [Pubmed]
  36. Lidocaine constricts or dilates rat arterioles in a dose-dependent manner. Johns, R.A., DiFazio, C.A., Longnecker, D.E. Anesthesiology (1985) [Pubmed]
  37. Implantable cardiovertor/defibrillator placement in a patient with amiodarone pulmonary toxicity under thoracic epidural anesthesia. Gilbert, T.B., Kent, J.L., Foster, A.H., Gold, M.R. Anesthesiology (1993) [Pubmed]
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