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MeSH Review

Stellate Ganglion

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Disease relevance of Stellate Ganglion


Psychiatry related information on Stellate Ganglion

  • Fifty-six patients, treated with a series of anesthetizing blocks of the stellate ganglion for idiopathic sudden sensorineural loss, were compared with 20 patients of similar diagnosis who were treated by other means as to amount of pure-tone gain, speech discrimination improvement, nature of symptoms, and delay in start of surgery [6].

High impact information on Stellate Ganglion


Chemical compound and disease context of Stellate Ganglion


Biological context of Stellate Ganglion


Anatomical context of Stellate Ganglion


Associations of Stellate Ganglion with chemical compounds


Gene context of Stellate Ganglion

  • Furthermore, cardiac-specific overexpression of NGF in endothelin-1-deficient mice overcame the reduced sympathetic innervation and loss of stellate ganglia neurons [7].
  • In the mouse stellate ganglion, VIP- and ChAT-IR neurons were larger in comparison to NPY- and TH-IR cells [30].
  • The aim of this study was to quantify basal and stress-induced levels of TH, DBH, and PNMT mRNAs in rat adrenal medulla (AM) and stellate ganglia (SG) by the RT-competitive PCR method using corresponding competitors of known concentration [31].
  • To better understand how the signaling events by Noc regulate sympathetic neuron excitability, the goal of the present study was to determine whether sympathetic stellate ganglion (SG) neurons, innervating the heart, natively express ORL1 opioid receptors and couple to Ca(2+) channels [23].
  • Neurons in the sympathetic stellate ganglion containing neuropeptide Y and tyrosine hydroxylase also projected to the mammary gland [32].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Stellate Ganglion


  1. Proapoptotic N-truncated BCL-xL protein activates endogenous mitochondrial channels in living synaptic terminals. Jonas, E.A., Hickman, J.A., Chachar, M., Polster, B.M., Brandt, T.A., Fannjiang, Y., Ivanovska, I., Basañez, G., Kinnally, K.W., Zimmerberg, J., Hardwick, J.M., Kaczmarek, L.K. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. A new mode of percutaneous upper thoracic phenol sympathicolysis: report of 50 cases. Wang, Y.C., Wei, S.H., Sun, M.H., Lin, C.W. Neurosurgery (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Effects of SK&F 85174, a DA-1/DA-2 receptor agonist, on pre- and postganglionic sympathetic neurotransmission to the heart. Dlewati, A., Watkins, H.O., Lokhandwala, M.F. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  4. Unilateral stellate block in the treatment of hypertension after coronary bypass surgery. Implications of a new therapeutic approach. Tarazi, R.C., Estafanous, F.G., Fouad, F.M. Am. J. Cardiol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  5. Use of stellate ganglion blocks for chronic chest pain associated with primary pulmonary hypertension. Parris, W.C., Lin, S., Frist, W. Anesth. Analg. (1988) [Pubmed]
  6. Stellate ganglion blocks for idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss. Haug, O., Draper, W.L., Haug, S.A. Archives of otolaryngology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960) (1976) [Pubmed]
  7. Endothelin-1 regulates cardiac sympathetic innervation in the rodent heart by controlling nerve growth factor expression. Ieda, M., Fukuda, K., Hisaka, Y., Kimura, K., Kawaguchi, H., Fujita, J., Shimoda, K., Takeshita, E., Okano, H., Kurihara, Y., Kurihara, H., Ishida, J., Fukamizu, A., Federoff, H.J., Ogawa, S. J. Clin. Invest. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Lung injury edema in dogs. Influence of sympathetic ablation. Dauber, I.M., Weil, J.V. J. Clin. Invest. (1983) [Pubmed]
  9. Electron microscope localization of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase in the superior cervical ganglion of the cat. I. Normal ganglion. Davis, R., Koelle, G.B. J. Cell Biol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  10. Target-independent cholinergic differentiation in the rat sympathetic nervous system. Schäfer, M.K., Schütz, B., Weihe, E., Eiden, L.E. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
  11. Pharmacologic blockade of the left stellate ganglion using a drug-reservoir-pump system. Hoepp, H.W., Eggeling, T., Hombach, V. Chest (1990) [Pubmed]
  12. Autoradiographic study of the right stellate ganglionic fibers to the cat heart. Niehoff, M.L., Sullivan, J.M. J. Auton. Nerv. Syst. (1980) [Pubmed]
  13. Coronary sinus norepinephrine concentrations during ventricular tachycardia induced by left stellate ganglion stimulation in dogs. Nadeau, R., Lamontagne, D., Cardinal, R., de Champlain, J., Armour, J.A. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  14. Spread of injectate during C6 stellate ganglion block and fascial arrangement in the prevertebral region: an experimental study using donated cadavers. Honma, M., Murakami, G., Sato, T.J., Namiki, A. Regional anesthesia and pain medicine. (2000) [Pubmed]
  15. Simultaneous immunohistochemical demonstration of intra-axonally transported markers and neuropeptides in the peripheral nervous system of the guinea pig. Lindh, B., Aldskogius, H., Hökfelt, T. Histochemistry (1989) [Pubmed]
  16. Experimental evidence for beta adrenergic blocking properties of propafenone and for their potential clinical relevance. Malfatto, G., Pessano, P., Zaza, A., Schwartz, P.J. Eur. Heart J. (1993) [Pubmed]
  17. Regional intravenous guanethidine vs. stellate ganglion block in reflex sympathetic dystrophies: a randomized trial. Bonelli, S., Conoscente, F., Movilia, P.G., Restelli, L., Francucci, B., Grossi, E. Pain (1983) [Pubmed]
  18. Quantitation of changes in gene expression of norepinephrine biosynthetic enzymes in rat stellate ganglia induced by stress. Micutkova, L., Rychkova, N., Sabban, E.L., Krizanova, O., Kvetnansky, R. Neurochem. Int. (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Topographic regulation of cytoskeletal protein phosphorylation by multimeric complexes in the squid giant fiber system. Grant, P., Diggins, M., Pant, H.C. J. Neurobiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  20. Lung compliance and cholesterol during stellate ganglion stimulation. Bergren, D.R., Beckman, D.L. Respiration physiology. (1979) [Pubmed]
  21. Immunohistochemical demonstration of choline acetyltransferase-immunoreactive preganglionic nerve fibers in guinea pig autonomic ganglia. Lindh, B., Staines, W., Hökfelt, T., Terenius, L., Salvaterra, P.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1986) [Pubmed]
  22. Single cardiac vagal fiber activity, acute myocardial ischemia, and risk for sudden death. Cerati, D., Schwartz, P.J. Circ. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  23. Modulation of Ca2+ channels by opioid receptor-like 1 receptors natively expressed in rat stellate ganglion neurons innervating cardiac muscle. Ruiz-Velasco, V., Puhl, H.L., Fuller, B.C., Sumner, A.D. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2005) [Pubmed]
  24. Cocaine inhibits sympathetic neural activity by acting in the central nervous system and at the sympathetic ganglion. Hernandez, Y.M., Raczkowski, V.F., Dretchen, K.L., Gillis, R.A. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1996) [Pubmed]
  25. The effect of vagus nerve stimulation upon vulnerability of the canine ventricle: role of sympathetic-parasympathetic interactions. Kolman, B.S., Verrier, R.L., Lown, B. Circulation (1975) [Pubmed]
  26. Preeminence of the left stellate ganglion in the long Q-T syndrome. Crampton, R. Circulation (1979) [Pubmed]
  27. Effect of digitalis glycosides on norepinephrine release in the heart. Dual mechanism of action. Kranzhöfer, R., Haass, M., Kurz, T., Richardt, G., Schömig, A. Circ. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  28. Effects of beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation and blockade on rate-dependent atrioventricular nodal properties. Nayebpour, M., Talajic, M., Nattel, S. Circ. Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  29. Effect of sympathetic nerve stimulation on cerebral and cephalic blood flow in dogs. Traystman, R.J., Rapela, C.E. Circ. Res. (1975) [Pubmed]
  30. Immunocytochemical properties of stellate ganglion neurons during early postnatal development. Masliukov, P.M., Timmermans, J.P. Histochem. Cell Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  31. Quantitative evaluation of catecholamine enzymes gene expression in adrenal medulla and sympathetic Ganglia of stressed rats. Kvetnansky, R., Micutkova, L., Rychkova, N., Kubovcakova, L., Mravec, B., Filipenko, M., Sabban, E.L., Krizanova, O. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
  32. Distribution and origin of peptide-containing nerve fibres in the rat and human mammary gland. Eriksson, M., Lindh, B., Uvnäs-Moberg, K., Hökfelt, T. Neuroscience (1996) [Pubmed]
  33. Endogenous and exogenous nitric oxide inhibits norepinephrine release from rat heart sympathetic nerves. Schwarz, P., Diem, R., Dun, N.J., Förstermann, U. Circ. Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  34. Adenosine inhibits exocytotic release of endogenous noradrenaline in rat heart: a protective mechanism in early myocardial ischemia. Richardt, G., Waas, W., Kranzhöfer, R., Mayer, E., Schömig, A. Circ. Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  35. The appearance of NPY and VIP in sympathetic neuroblasts and subsequent alterations in their expression. Tyrrell, S., Landis, S.C. J. Neurosci. (1994) [Pubmed]
  36. Mechanisms whereby propofol mediates peripheral vasodilation in humans. Sympathoinhibition or direct vascular relaxation? Robinson, B.J., Ebert, T.J., O'Brien, T.J., Colinco, M.D., Muzi, M. Anesthesiology (1997) [Pubmed]
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