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MeSH Review

Plant Diseases

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Disease relevance of Plant Diseases


High impact information on Plant Diseases


Chemical compound and disease context of Plant Diseases


Biological context of Plant Diseases

  • The L6, N, and RPS2 genes, which control resistance to three widely different pathogen types, are the foundation of a class of plant disease resistance genes that can be referred to as nucleotide binding site/leucine-rich repeat resistance genes [12].
  • Taken together, these results suggest that the tobacco myb1 gene encodes a signaling component down-stream of SA that may participate in transcriptional activation of PR genes and plant disease resistance [13].
  • A major class of plant disease resistance (R) genes encodes leucine-rich-repeat proteins that possess a nucleotide binding site and amino-terminal similarity to the cytoplasmic domains of the Drosophila Toll and human IL-1 receptors [14].
  • Nod2 and its homologue, Nod1, are members of a growing family of cytosolic factors related to the apoptosis regulator Apaf-1 and a class of plant disease resistance proteins [15].
  • Salicylic acid (SA) plays a key role in plant disease resistance and hypersensitive cell death but is also implicated in hardening responses to abiotic stressors [16].

Associations of Plant Diseases with chemical compounds


Gene context of Plant Diseases

  • Molecular recognition of pathogen attack occurs inside of plant cells in plant disease resistance specified by the Arabidopsis genes RPS2 and RPM1 [22].
  • Reduced expression of AKR2 by using the antisense technique results in small necrotic areas in leaves accompanied by higher production of H2O2, similar to the hypersensitive response to pathogen infection in plant disease resistance [23].
  • RAR1 and its interacting partner SGT1 play a central role in plant disease resistance triggered by a number of resistance (R) proteins [24].
  • Instead, our findings demonstrate that this response is mediated by a cytosolic, plant disease resistance-like protein called CARD4/Nod1 [25].
  • Previous work has shown that RPS5 encodes a member of the nucleotide binding site-leucine rich repeat class of plant disease resistance genes [26].


  1. Rhizobium infection and nodulation: a beneficial plant disease? Vance, C.P. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  2. Autoinduction of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol biosynthesis in the biocontrol agent Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0 and repression by the bacterial metabolites salicylate and pyoluteorin. Schnider-Keel, U., Seematter, A., Maurhofer, M., Blumer, C., Duffy, B., Gigot-Bonnefoy, C., Reimmann, C., Notz, R., Défago, G., Haas, D., Keel, C. J. Bacteriol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  3. A clp gene homologue belonging to the Crp gene family globally regulates lytic enzyme production, antimicrobial activity, and biological control activity expressed by Lysobacter enzymogenes strain C3. Kobayashi, D.Y., Reedy, R.M., Palumbo, J.D., Zhou, J.M., Yuen, G.Y. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. The purification, crystallization and preliminary structural characterization of PhzF, a key enzyme in the phenazine-biosynthesis pathway from Pseudomonas fluorescens 2-79. Mavrodi, D.V., Bleimling, N., Thomashow, L.S., Blankenfeldt, W. Acta Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr. (2004) [Pubmed]
  5. Target range of zwittermicin A, an aminopolyol antibiotic from Bacillus cereus. Silo-Suh, L.A., Stabb, E.V., Raffel, S.J., Handelsman, J. Curr. Microbiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  6. A putative leucine-rich repeat receptor kinase involved in brassinosteroid signal transduction. Li, J., Chory, J. Cell (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. Nitric oxide functions as a signal in plant disease resistance. Delledonne, M., Xia, Y., Dixon, R.A., Lamb, C. Nature (1998) [Pubmed]
  8. CITRX thioredoxin interacts with the tomato Cf-9 resistance protein and negatively regulates defence. Rivas, S., Rougon-Cardoso, A., Smoker, M., Schauser, L., Yoshioka, H., Jones, J.D. EMBO J. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. A gain-of-function mutation in a plant disease resistance gene leads to constitutive activation of downstream signal transduction pathways in suppressor of npr1-1, constitutive 1. Zhang, Y., Goritschnig, S., Dong, X., Li, X. Plant Cell (2003) [Pubmed]
  10. Arabidopsis SGT1b is required for SCF(TIR1)-mediated auxin response. Gray, W.M., Muskett, P.R., Chuang, H.W., Parker, J.E. Plant Cell (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. Antagonistic properties of two recombinant strains of Streptomyces melanosporofaciens obtained by intraspecific protoplast fusion. Agbessi, S., Beauséjour, J., Déry, C., Beaulieu, C. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. The L6 gene for flax rust resistance is related to the Arabidopsis bacterial resistance gene RPS2 and the tobacco viral resistance gene N. Lawrence, G.J., Finnegan, E.J., Ayliffe, M.A., Ellis, J.G. Plant Cell (1995) [Pubmed]
  13. Isolation and characterization of a tobacco mosaic virus-inducible myb oncogene homolog from tobacco. Yang, Y., Klessig, D.F. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1996) [Pubmed]
  14. EDS1, an essential component of R gene-mediated disease resistance in Arabidopsis has homology to eukaryotic lipases. Falk, A., Feys, B.J., Frost, L.N., Jones, J.D., Daniels, M.J., Parker, J.E. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. Nods: a family of cytosolic proteins that regulate the host response to pathogens. Inohara, N., Ogura, Y., Nuñez, G. Curr. Opin. Microbiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Salicylic acid alleviates the cadmium toxicity in barley seedlings. Metwally, A., Finkemeier, I., Georgi, M., Dietz, K.J. Plant Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  17. Involvement of specific calmodulin isoforms in salicylic acid-independent activation of plant disease resistance responses. Heo, W.D., Lee, S.H., Kim, M.C., Kim, J.C., Chung, W.S., Chun, H.J., Lee, K.J., Park, C.Y., Park, H.C., Choi, J.Y., Cho, M.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1999) [Pubmed]
  18. The role of abscisic acid in plant-pathogen interactions. Mauch-Mani, B., Mauch, F. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Plant pathology. Resistance crumbles? Jones, J.D. Curr. Biol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  20. Clinical and environmental isolates of Burkholderia cepacia exhibit differential cytotoxicity towards macrophages and mast cells. Melnikov, A., Zaborina, O., Dhiman, N., Prabhakar, B.S., Chakrabarty, A.M., Hendrickson, W. Mol. Microbiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  21. Vitamin B1 functions as an activator of plant disease resistance. Ahn, I.P., Kim, S., Lee, Y.H. Plant Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  22. Molecular recognition of pathogen attack occurs inside of plant cells in plant disease resistance specified by the Arabidopsis genes RPS2 and RPM1. Leister, R.T., Ausubel, F.M., Katagiri, F. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1996) [Pubmed]
  23. An ankyrin repeat-containing protein plays a role in both disease resistance and antioxidation metabolism. Yan, J., Wang, J., Zhang, H. Plant J. (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. HSP90 interacts with RAR1 and SGT1 and is essential for RPS2-mediated disease resistance in Arabidopsis. Takahashi, A., Casais, C., Ichimura, K., Shirasu, K. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. CARD4/Nod1 mediates NF-kappaB and JNK activation by invasive Shigella flexneri. Girardin, S.E., Tournebize, R., Mavris, M., Page, A.L., Li, X., Stark, G.R., Bertin, J., DiStefano, P.S., Yaniv, M., Sansonetti, P.J., Philpott, D.J. EMBO Rep. (2001) [Pubmed]
  26. The Arabidopsis PBS1 resistance gene encodes a member of a novel protein kinase subfamily. Swiderski, M.R., Innes, R.W. Plant J. (2001) [Pubmed]
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