The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Facial Expression

Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Facial Expression


Psychiatry related information on Facial Expression


High impact information on Facial Expression

  • Hoxb1, which is expressed throughout rhombomere 4 (r4), has been shown to be required for the specification of facial branchiomotor neuron progenitors that are programmed to innervate the muscles of facial expression [11].
  • Influence of the serotonin transporter promoter gene and shyness on children's cerebral responses to facial expressions [12].
  • Increased motivation for work was isolated as a target effect but such symptoms as facial expression, emotional rapport, and psychomotor activity also appeared to be improved by addition of protirelin to the neuroleptics [13].
  • The urofacial (Ochoa) syndrome (UFS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by congenital obstructive uropathy and abnormal facial expression [14].
  • Facial emotional expressions were rated with the Facial Action Coding System. The number of facial coverbal gestures (facial expressions that are tied to speech) and the number of words were calculated [15].

Chemical compound and disease context of Facial Expression


Biological context of Facial Expression

  • In ten preterm infants (postconceptional age 27-35 weeks) facial expression and heart rate variability (HRV) were investigated during three situations: (a) the infant at rest in its crib or incubator, (b) provocation of the withdrawal flexor reflex by application of von Frey's hairs, and (c) lancing and squeezing for blood sampling [17].
  • In the present study, event-related potentials (ERP) were used to investigate the involvement and temporal dynamics of the frontal and parietal regions in the processing of angry facial expressions [18].

Anatomical context of Facial Expression


Associations of Facial Expression with chemical compounds


Gene context of Facial Expression

  • In Task 2, they evaluated target Japanese ideographs (while influenced by preceding positive or negative facial expressions as prime pictures) by pressing "positive" or "negative" buttons [26].
  • This study describes an observational system (modified infant pain scale, MIPS) with elements from a previously published observational scale and from assessments of video-recorded infant facial expressions [27].
  • Analyses revealed statistical significant reductions in P200 amplitudes for the angry facial expression on both frontal and parietal electrode sites [18].
  • When compared to studies of children in the general population, children with ADHD have deficits in their ability to accurately recognize facial expressions of emotion [28].
  • Categorical perception of happiness and fear facial expressions: an ERP study [29].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Facial Expression


  1. Management of vestibular schwannomas (acoustic neuromas): auditory and facial nerve function after resection of 120 vestibular schwannomas in patients with neurofibromatosis 2. Samii, M., Matthies, C., Tatagiba, M. Neurosurgery (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Correlation of dopamine transporter imaging with parkinsonian motor handicap: how close is it? Pirker, W. Mov. Disord. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Infantile spasms: facial expression of affect before and after epilepsy surgery. Caplan, R., Guthrie, D., Komo, S., Shields, W.D., Sigman, M. Brain and cognition. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. An evaluation of facial expression displayed by patients with chest pain. Dalton, J.A., Brown, L., Carlson, J., McNutt, R., Greer, S.M. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Two cases of sleep apnea syndrome caused by primary hypothyroidism. Hattori, H., Hattori, C., Yonekura, A., Nishimura, T. Acta oto-laryngologica. Supplementum. (2003) [Pubmed]
  6. Subcortical correlates of differential classical conditioning of aversive emotional reactions in social phobia. Schneider, F., Weiss, U., Kessler, C., Müller-Gärtner, H.W., Posse, S., Salloum, J.B., Grodd, W., Himmelmann, F., Gaebel, W., Birbaumer, N. Biol. Psychiatry (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. Abnormal recognition of facial expression of emotions in depressed patients with major depression disorder and schizotypal personality disorder. Mikhailova, E.S., Vladimirova, T.V., Iznak, A.F., Tsusulkovskaya, E.J., Sushko, N.V. Biol. Psychiatry (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Acute SSRI administration affects the processing of social cues in healthy volunteers. Harmer, C.J., Bhagwagar, Z., Perrett, D.I., Völlm, B.A., Cowen, P.J., Goodwin, G.M. Neuropsychopharmacology (2003) [Pubmed]
  9. Social and motivational functioning is not critically dependent on feedback of autonomic responses: neuropsychological evidence from patients with pure autonomic failure. Heims, H.C., Critchley, H.D., Dolan, R., Mathias, C.J., Cipolotti, L. Neuropsychologia. (2004) [Pubmed]
  10. Early developmental change in bitter taste responses in human infants. Kajiura, H., Cowart, B.J., Beauchamp, G.K. Developmental psychobiology. (1992) [Pubmed]
  11. Hoxb1 functions in both motoneurons and in tissues of the periphery to establish and maintain the proper neuronal circuitry. Arenkiel, B.R., Tvrdik, P., Gaufo, G.O., Capecchi, M.R. Genes Dev. (2004) [Pubmed]
  12. Influence of the serotonin transporter promoter gene and shyness on children's cerebral responses to facial expressions. Battaglia, M., Ogliari, A., Zanoni, A., Citterio, A., Pozzoli, U., Giorda, R., Maffei, C., Marino, C. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Behavioral effects of protirelin in schizophrenia. Inanaga, K., Nakano, T., Nagata, T., Tanaka, M., Ogawa, N. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (1978) [Pubmed]
  14. Homozygosity and linkage-disequilibrium mapping of the urofacial (Ochoa) syndrome gene to a 1-cM interval on chromosome 10q23-q24. Wang, C.Y., Hawkins-Lee, B., Ochoa, B., Walker, R.D., She, J.X. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  15. Facial expressiveness in patients with schizophrenia compared to depressed patients and nonpatient comparison subjects. Trémeau, F., Malaspina, D., Duval, F., Corrêa, H., Hager-Budny, M., Coin-Bariou, L., Macher, J.P., Gorman, J.M. The American journal of psychiatry. (2005) [Pubmed]
  16. Administration of the beta-adrenoceptor blocker propranolol impairs the processing of facial expressions of sadness. Harmer, C.J., Perrett, D.I., Cowen, P.J., Goodwin, G.M. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Assessment of acute pain in preterm infants by evaluation of facial expression and frequency domain analysis of heart rate variability. Lindh, V., Wiklund, U., Sandman, P.O., Håkansson, S. Early Hum. Dev. (1997) [Pubmed]
  18. Functionally dissociated aspects in anterior and posterior electrocortical processing of facial threat. Schutter, D.J., de Haan, E.H., van Honk, J. International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  19. Antidepressant drug treatment modifies the neural processing of nonconscious threat cues. Harmer, C.J., Mackay, C.E., Reid, C.B., Cowen, P.J., Goodwin, G.M. Biol. Psychiatry (2006) [Pubmed]
  20. Face and facial expression memory in temporal lobe epilepsy patients: preliminary results. Glogau, S., Ellgring, H., Elger, C.E., Helmstaedter, C. Epilepsy & behavior : E&B. (2004) [Pubmed]
  21. Objective scaling of facial nerve function based on area analysis (OSCAR). Meier-Gallati, V., Scriba, H., Fisch, U. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. (1998) [Pubmed]
  22. Increased positive versus negative affective perception and memory in healthy volunteers following selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibition. Harmer, C.J., Shelley, N.C., Cowen, P.J., Goodwin, G.M. The American journal of psychiatry. (2004) [Pubmed]
  23. Facial expressions of emotion reveal neuroendocrine and cardiovascular stress responses. Lerner, J.S., Gonzalez, R.M., Dahl, R.E., Hariri, A.R., Taylor, S.E. Biol. Psychiatry (2005) [Pubmed]
  24. Effectiveness of oral sucrose and simulated rocking on pain response in preterm neonates. Johnston, C.C., Stremler, R.L., Stevens, B.J., Horton, L.J. Pain (1997) [Pubmed]
  25. The influence of olanzapine versus risperidone on facial expression of emotions in schizophrenia--preliminary results of a facial electromyogram study. Wolf, K., Mass, R., Kiefer, F., Eckert, K., Stritzky, A.V., Haasen, C., Wiedemann, K., Naber, D. Journal of clinical psychopharmacology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  26. Visual performance of adults with prelingual auditory impairment. Rietveld, S., Spiering, M., Rotteveel, M., van Beest, I. American annals of the deaf. (2004) [Pubmed]
  27. Pain scores in infants: a modified infant pain scale versus visual analogue. Buchholz, M., Karl, H.W., Pomietto, M., Lynn, A. Journal of pain and symptom management. (1998) [Pubmed]
  28. Recognition of facial expressions of emotion by children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Singh, S.D., Ellis, C.R., Winton, A.S., Singh, N.N., Leung, J.P., Oswald, D.P. Behavior modification. (1998) [Pubmed]
  29. Categorical perception of happiness and fear facial expressions: an ERP study. Campanella, S., Quinet, P., Bruyer, R., Crommelinck, M., Guerit, J.M. Journal of cognitive neuroscience. (2002) [Pubmed]
  30. A four-year longitudinal study of palatal plate therapy in children with Down syndrome: effects on oral motor function, articulation and communication preferences. Carlstedt, K., Henningsson, G., Dahllöf, G. Acta Odontol. Scand. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities