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Helplessness, Learned

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  1. Increased 5-HT2 receptor-mediated behavior 11 days after shock in learned helplessness rats. Nankai, M., Yamada, S., Muneoka, K., Toru, M. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. Are antidepressant-like effects of triiodothyronine (T3) in rodents related to an hyperthyroid state? Massol, J., Martin, P., Brochet, D., Belon, J.P., Puech, A.J. Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry (1989) [Pubmed]
  3. Poststress glucose mitigates behavioral impairment in rats in the "learned helplessness" model of psychopathology. Minor, T.R., Saade, S. Biol. Psychiatry (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. Learned helplessness: an experimental model of the DST in rats. Haracz, J.L., Minor, T.R., Wilkins, J.N., Zimmermann, E.G. Biol. Psychiatry (1988) [Pubmed]
  5. Effect of mixed (RB 38A) and selective (RB 38B) inhibitors of enkephalin degrading enzymes on a model of depression in the rat. Tejedor-Real, P., Micó, J.A., Maldonado, R., Roques, B.P., Gibert-Rahola, J. Biol. Psychiatry (1993) [Pubmed]
  6. Trauma and resulting sensitization effects are modulated by psychological factors. Overmier, J.B., Murison, R. Psychoneuroendocrinology (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Beneficial effects of co-administration of catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitors and L-dihydroxyphenylalanine in rat models of depression. Männistö, P.T., Lang, A., Rauhala, P., Vasar, E. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  8. Learned helplessness in systemic lupus erythematosus: analysis using the Rheumatology Attitudes Index. Engle, E.W., Callahan, L.F., Pincus, T., Hochberg, M.C. Arthritis Rheum. (1990) [Pubmed]
  9. Antidepressant effects of tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin-uptake blockers in diabetic rats. Massol, J., Martin, P., Puech, A.J. Diabetes (1989) [Pubmed]
  10. In search of a depressed mouse: utility of models for studying depression-related behavior in genetically modified mice. Cryan, J.F., Mombereau, C. Mol. Psychiatry (2004) [Pubmed]
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  12. Learned helplessness and urinary MHPG levels in unipolar depression. Samson, J.A., Mirin, S.M., Hauser, S.T., Fenton, B.T., Schildkraut, J.J. The American journal of psychiatry. (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Antagonism by benzodiazepines of the effects of serotonin-, but not norepinephrine-, uptake blockers in the learned helplessness paradigm in rats. Martin, P., Puech, A.J. Biol. Psychiatry (1996) [Pubmed]
  14. Learned helplessness sensitizes hippocampal norepinephrine to mild restress. Petty, F., Chae, Y., Kramer, G., Jordan, S., Wilson, L. Biol. Psychiatry (1994) [Pubmed]
  15. Antidepressantlike effects of chronic nicotine on learned helplessness paradigm in rats. Semba, J., Mataki, C., Yamada, S., Nankai, M., Toru, M. Biol. Psychiatry (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. Captopril as an antidepressant? Effects on the learned helplessness paradigm in rats. Martin, P., Massol, J., Puech, A.J. Biol. Psychiatry (1990) [Pubmed]
  17. Effect of a novel cognition enhancer NS-105 on learned helplessness in rats: possible involvement of GABA(B) receptor up-regulation after repeated treatment. Shimidzu, T., Itoh, Y., Oka, M., Ishima, T., Ukai, Y., Yoshikuni, Y., Kimura, K. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  18. Hippocampal neuropeptide Y mRNA is reduced in a strain of learned helpless resistant rats. Lachman, H.M., Papolos, D.F., Weiner, E.D., Ramazankhana, R., Hartnick, C., Edwards, E., Henn, F.A. Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  19. The effect of depression in an animal model on 5'-ectonucleotidase, antibody production, and tissue ascorbate stores. Blake-Mortimer, J.S., Winefield, A.H., Chalmers, A.H. The Journal of general psychology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  20. Stressor controllability and learned helplessness: the roles of the dorsal raphe nucleus, serotonin, and corticotropin-releasing factor. Maier, S.F., Watkins, L.R. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews. (2005) [Pubmed]
  21. Effects of cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein overexpression in the basolateral amygdala on behavioral models of depression and anxiety. Wallace, T.L., Stellitano, K.E., Neve, R.L., Duman, R.S. Biol. Psychiatry (2004) [Pubmed]
  22. Different regulation of adenylyl cyclase and rolipram-sensitive phosphodiesterase activity on the frontal cortex and hippocampus in learned helplessness rats. Itoh, T., Abe, K., Tokumura, M., Horiuchi, M., Inoue, O., Ibii, N. Brain Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor produces antidepressant effects in behavioral models of depression. Shirayama, Y., Chen, A.C., Nakagawa, S., Russell, D.S., Duman, R.S. J. Neurosci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Antidepressant-like effects of CP-154,526, a selective CRF1 receptor antagonist. Mansbach, R.S., Brooks, E.N., Chen, Y.L. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  25. Involvement of corticotropin-releasing factor subtype 1 receptor in the acquisition phase of learned helplessness in rats. Takamori, K., Kawashima, N., Chaki, S., Nakazato, A., Kameo, K. Life Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  26. An examination of learned helplessness among attention-deficit hyperactivity disordered boys. Milich, R., Okazaki, M. Journal of abnormal child psychology. (1991) [Pubmed]
  27. Reversal of helpless behavior in rats by putative 5-HT1A agonists. Giral, P., Martin, P., Soubrié, P., Simon, P. Biol. Psychiatry (1988) [Pubmed]
  28. Serotonin dysfunction disorders: a behavioral neurochemistry perspective. Petty, F., Davis, L.L., Kabel, D., Kramer, G.L. The Journal of clinical psychiatry. (1996) [Pubmed]
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