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MeSH Review

World War II

 
 
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Disease relevance of World War II

 

Psychiatry related information on World War II

 

High impact information on World War II

  • Lung cancer after employment in shipyards during World War II [8].
  • One candidate is seed of the neurotoxic plant Cycas circinalis L., a traditional source of food and medicine which has been used less with the Americanization of the Chamorro people after World War II [9].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Combat in World War II predicted that in the 15 years after the war, a subject would experience physical decline or death [10].
  • METHODS: Brain MRIs (1.5-T) were obtained from 74 monozygotic, white, male, World War II veteran twins born in the United States from 1917 to 1927 and age 68 to 79 at the time of the brain scan [11].
  • In Denmark the use of saccharin increased sharply during the second World War as a result of scarcity of sugar, and import and export figures indicate that saccharin consumption was on average 4-5 times higher during the war-time period than in the pre-war decade [12].
 

Chemical compound and disease context of World War II

  • In a consecutive series of 1,067 patients entered into the data base of the Melanoma Cooperative Group at New York University School of Medicine between 1972 and 1980, 120 men were of draft age (18-31 years) during World War II (1941-1945) [13].
  • The study of health problems due to cadmium pollution in Japan originated from an endemic episode of Itai-itai disease in a rural area in north-central Japan after World War II [14].
  • The clinical specialty of vascular surgery in Canada began before the Second World War with the introduction of heparin into clinical practice by Gordon Murray of Toronto. He showed that heparin could prevent thrombosis during the repair of blood vessels and was useful in the treatment of spontaneous arterial and venous occlusion [15].
 

Biological context of World War II

 

Anatomical context of World War II

 

Associations of World War II with chemical compounds

  • During the turmoil after the end of World War II some 50 years ago, in Japan intravenous methamphetamine was widespread and penetrated the young generation aged 15-25 years and remunerated blood donors [21].
  • They went on to develop the acridine dye, atebrin (mepacrine) and the 4-aminoquinolines, Resochin (developed at the end of the Second World War in America as chloroquine) and Sontochin [22].
  • The material is divided into 5 chronological periods, which include World War II, the postcolonial or DDT era (1946-1961), and the past 2 decades [23].
  • Many compounds containing the acridine chromophore were synthesized and tested, and the aminoacridines found wide use, both as antibacterial agents and as antimalarials, during World War II [24].
  • To investigate the carcinogenic effect in humans, we conducted a cohort mortality study among 364 men who were assigned to any of three 1,3-butadiene production units located within several chemical plants in the Kanawha Valley of West Virginia, including 277 men employed in a U.S. Rubber Reserve Plant which operated during World War II [25].
 

Gene context of World War II

  • The prevalence of hemochromatosis was studied in 343 randomly selected male World War II veterans aged 58 years and older [26].
  • With this in mind, consider how the effects of World War II on the growth of physician anesthesia loosely parallel the growth of anesthesia in Great Britain during the 19th century [27].
  • We believe the source of MS on the Faroes was their occupation by British troops for 5 years in World War II [28].
  • Skeletal samples were derived from the Huntington Collection, Terry Collection, World War II casualties, and the Forensic Anthropology Data Bank. Regression of bone length on year of birth allowed evaluation of the secular change in bone length [29].
  • After the Second World War, the WHO succeeded in introducing an internationally accepted diagnostic system, the ICD-classification [30].
 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of World War II

  • Similarly, World War II physician-anesthetists showed they could provide complex anesthesia care, such as pentothal administration, regional anesthesia, and tracheal intubation, with aplomb and gained the support of surgical colleagues who facilitated their growth within a medical profession [27].

References

  1. Hepatocellular carcinoma. Okuda, K. J. Hepatol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  2. Acute and chronic liver toxicity resulting from exposure to chlorinated naphthalenes at a cable manufacturing plant during World War II. Ward, E.M., Ruder, A.M., Suruda, A., Smith, A.B., Fessler-Flesch, C.A., Zahm, S.H. Am. J. Ind. Med. (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Diet and cholesterol gallstones. A further study. Sarles, H., Gerolami, A., Bord, A. Digestion (1978) [Pubmed]
  4. Peteosthor - a medical disaster due to Radium-224A personal recollection. Spiess, H. Radiation and environmental biophysics. (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. Wartime Paris, cirrhosis mortality, and the ceteris paribus assumption. Fillmore, K.M., Roizen, R., Farrell, M., Kerr, W., Lemmens, P. J. Stud. Alcohol (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. An anthropological hybrid: the pragmatic arrangement of universalism and culturalism in French mental health. Fassin, D., Rechtman, R. Transcultural psychiatry. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Association of sex steroid hormones with brain morphology and cognition in healthy elderly men. Lessov-Schlaggar, C.N., Reed, T., Swan, G.E., Krasnow, R.E., DeCarli, C., Marcus, R., Holloway, L., Wolf, P.A., Carmelli, D. Neurology (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Lung cancer after employment in shipyards during World War II. Blot, W.J., Harrington, J.M., Toledo, A., Hoover, R., Heath, C.W., Fraumeni, J.F. N. Engl. J. Med. (1978) [Pubmed]
  9. Guam amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-parkinsonism-dementia linked to a plant excitant neurotoxin. Spencer, P.S., Nunn, P.B., Hugon, J., Ludolph, A.C., Ross, S.M., Roy, D.N., Robertson, R.C. Science (1987) [Pubmed]
  10. Linking combat and physical health: the legacy of World War II in men's lives. Elder, G.H., Shanahan, M.J., Clipp, E.C. The American journal of psychiatry. (1997) [Pubmed]
  11. Midlife cardiovascular risk factors and brain morphology in identical older male twins. Carmelli, D., Swan, G.E., Reed, T., Wolf, P.A., Miller, B.L., DeCarli, C. Neurology (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Intra-uterine exposure to saccharin and risk of bladder cancer in man. Jensen, O.M., Kamby, C. Int. J. Cancer (1982) [Pubmed]
  13. Malignant melanoma in World War II veterans. Brown, J., Kopf, A.W., Rigel, D.S., Friedman, R.J. International journal of dermatology. (1984) [Pubmed]
  14. The epidemiological approach to cadmium pollution in Japan. Shigematsu, I. Ann. Acad. Med. Singap. (1984) [Pubmed]
  15. The history of vascular surgery in Canada. McPhail, N.V. Canadian journal of surgery. Journal canadien de chirurgie. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Breast cancer: critical data analysis concludes that estrogens are not the cause, however lifestyle changes can alter risk rapidly. Wiseman, R.A. Journal of clinical epidemiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Recent trends of drug abuse in Japan. Yamamoto, J. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. A World War II uranium hexafluoride inhalation event with pulmonary implications for today. Moore, R.H., Kathren, R.L. Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association. (1985) [Pubmed]
  19. From atabrine in World War II to mefloquine in Somalia: the role of education in preventive medicine. Weina, P.J. Military medicine. (1998) [Pubmed]
  20. Pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery after shrapnel injury in World War II: demonstration by CT angiography with 3D MIP reconstruction. Prokesch, R.W., Goerzer, H.G., Killer, M., Dorffner, R., Schima, W., Schindler, E.G. European radiology. (1999) [Pubmed]
  21. Hepatocellular carcinoma associated with hepatitis C virus infection in Japan: projection to other countries in the foreseeable future. Yoshizawa, H. Oncology (2002) [Pubmed]
  22. Conflicts of interest: the genesis of synthetic antimalarial agents in peace and war. Greenwood, D. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (1995) [Pubmed]
  23. Malaria films: Motion pictures as a public health tool. Fedunkiw, M. American journal of public health. (2003) [Pubmed]
  24. Acridine-a neglected antibacterial chromophore. Wainwright, M. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (2001) [Pubmed]
  25. Mortality study of workers in 1,3-butadiene production units identified from a chemical workers cohort. Ward, E.M., Fajen, J.M., Ruder, A.M., Rinsky, R.A., Halperin, W.E., Fessler-Flesch, C.A. Environ. Health Perspect. (1995) [Pubmed]
  26. Prevalence of hemochromatosis in a random sample of asymptomatic men. Elliott, R., Lin, B.P., Dent, O.F., Tait, A., Smith, C.I. Australian and New Zealand journal of medicine. (1986) [Pubmed]
  27. The role of World War II and the European theater of operations in the development of anesthesiology as a physician specialty in the USA. Waisel, D.B. Anesthesiology (2001) [Pubmed]
  28. Multiple sclerosis in the Faroe Islands: an epitome. Kurtzke, J.F., Heltberg, A. Journal of clinical epidemiology. (2001) [Pubmed]
  29. Secular change in long bone length and proportion in the United States, 1800-1970. Jantz, L.M., Jantz, R.L. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  30. Chapter V (F) of ICD-10: mental, behavioural and developmental disorders--introduction and overview. Dittmann, V., Dilling, H. Pharmacopsychiatry (1990) [Pubmed]
 
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