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Chemical Compound Review

cerargyrite     chlorosilver

Synonyms: chlorargyrite, Mark II, horn silver, ACMC-1BIC1, AG-H-11899, ...
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Disease relevance of chlorosilver

  • The Mark II model gave the following resultant peak forces expressed as multiples of body weight; Tc. joint force = 3.9; Tcn. joint forces--anterior facet = 2.4, posterior facet = 2 [1].
  • A pilot study was then conducted to estimate the minimum CID of the Health Utilities Index (HUI) Mark II, and to compare the observed between-group differences observed in a recent randomised trial of an acute stroke intervention with this benchmark [2].
  • RESULTS: Of the first 29 eyes of the 29 enrolled patients implanted with their initial Mark II device, 28 (97%) had no progression of retinitis at the 4-week postoperative examination [3].

High impact information on chlorosilver

  • Posteroanterior (PA) lumbar spine measurements of 100 women, ages 20-80 years (mean 52.6 +/- 16, range of BMD = 0.4-1.6 g/cm2) were obtained on a Norland XR26 Mark II, a Lunar DPX-L, and a Hologic QDR 2000 densitometer using standard procedures (pencil beam mode for all three scanners) [4].
  • The 2 MAB-based systems detected vWD but could not specifically identify qualitative vWF defects, although the recently modified Mark II kit was more effective for the latter compared with the original Mark I kit [5].
  • Chromosome aberrations induced in human lymphocytes by U-235 fission neutrons: I. Irradiation of human blood samples in the "dry cell" of the TRIGA Mark II nuclear reactor [6].
  • We determined the actual distribution of leaf-positional errors by studying MLC controller (Varian Mark II and Brainlab Novalis MLCs) log files created by the controller after each field delivery [7].
  • The feasibility of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) using the Norland XR-26 Mark II bone densitometer for measurements of bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) in small rats was evaluated [8].

Chemical compound and disease context of chlorosilver

  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a 15-month time period, a total of 39 Mark II intravitreal ganciclovir devices were placed in 35 eyes of 29 patients with a diagnosis of CMV retinitis [3].

Biological context of chlorosilver


Anatomical context of chlorosilver

  • Here we applied this method to determine the levels of DNA single-strand breaks in HeLa cells induced by y-irradiation deriving from fission isotopes and activation products at the TRIGA Mark II research reactor in Mainz [12].
  • AIMS: To compare histological thickness of the retinal nerve fibre layer in the primate with retardation measurements obtained in vivo using the Mark II Nerve Fiber Analyzer (NFA, Laser Diagnostic Technologies, San Diego, USA) [13].
  • This is a preliminary report of the results of knee joint replacements using the Liverpool Mark II knee joint system which consists of a bicondylar prosthesis and a set of stereotactic instruments [14].
  • The accuracy of the Evident RCM Mark II in locating the apical foramen was evaluated in 37 human teeth scheduled for extraction [15].
  • An in vivo evaluation of the ENDEX and RCM Mark II electronic apex locators in root canals with different contents [16].

Associations of chlorosilver with other chemical compounds

  • Specimens were fabricated for each of the following groups: two all-ceramic materials [a feldspathic porcelain (Vita Mark II) and a leucite-reinforced glass-ceramic (IPS Empress)], and one noble metal-ceramic (Orplid Keramik I alloy; Vita VMK 68 N felspathic veneer ceramic) [17].
  • By direct measurement of NO release from washed human platelets suspended in Tyrode buffer with a ISO-NO Mark II, World Precision Instruments, Sarasota, FL, USA, p30 sensor, type I collagen, but not ADP and epinephrine, induces the release of NO in a time-dependent manner [18].
  • Vita Mark II ceramic was significantly more resistant to wear than Alpha porcelain and Duceram-LFC ceramic [19].
  • Central visual fields were examined using the Friedmann Visual Field Analyser, Mark II, the Bausch and Lomb Autoplot Tangent Screen and Amsler charts [20].
  • The Anderson Mark II Cascade Impactor was used to characterise the deposition of single doses of beclomethasone dipropionate from several metered-dose inhalers [21].

Gene context of chlorosilver


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of chlorosilver

  • The G.F.S. Mark II inflatable penile prosthesis [27].
  • Men who had a previously inserted penile prosthesis replaced with the GFS Mark II IPP preferred the GFS over the malleable and the self-contained prosthesis, but there was no conclusive preference between the different IPPs [28].
  • The P.K. Morgan Mark II Ventilometer comprises a turbine transducer and a control/readout unit, which contains either a VENTX5A or VENTX6A programme [29].
  • APACHE II (Acute Physiological and Chronic Health Evaluation Mark II) scores on the day of the study ranged from 11 to 31 (median 16) [30].
  • Our objective was to compare a brief, relatively new global health status measure, the Health Utilities Index Mark II (HUI), to two commonly applied health status measures (Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey [SF-36] and the Sickness Jgipact Profile [SIP] in a general medical outpatient population [31].


  1. Ankle joint biomechanics. Procter, P., Paul, J.P. Journal of biomechanics. (1982) [Pubmed]
  2. Determining clinically important differences in health status measures: a general approach with illustration to the Health Utilities Index Mark II. Samsa, G., Edelman, D., Rothman, M.L., Williams, G.R., Lipscomb, J., Matchar, D. PharmacoEconomics. (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Initial experience with an eight-month sustained-release intravitreal ganciclovir implant for the treatment of CMV retinitis associated with AIDS. Duker, J.S., Robinson, M., Anand, R., Ashton, P. Ophthalmic surgery and lasers. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Universal standardization for dual x-ray absorptiometry: patient and phantom cross-calibration results. Genant, H.K., Grampp, S., Glüer, C.C., Faulkner, K.G., Jergas, M., Engelke, K., Hagiwara, S., Van Kuijk, C. J. Bone Miner. Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. Detection of von Willebrand disorder and identification of qualitative von Willebrand factor defects. Direct comparison of commercial ELISA-based von Willebrand factor activity options. Favaloro, E.J. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Chromosome aberrations induced in human lymphocytes by U-235 fission neutrons: I. Irradiation of human blood samples in the "dry cell" of the TRIGA Mark II nuclear reactor. Fajgelj, A., Lakoski, A., Horvat, D., Remec, I., Skrk, J., Stegnar, P. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et al]. (1991) [Pubmed]
  7. Dependence of fluence errors in dynamic IMRT on leaf-positional errors varying with time and leaf number. Zygmanski, P., Kung, J.H., Jiang, S.B., Chin, L. Medical physics. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in small rats with low bone mineral density. Petersen, M.M., Nielsen, P.K., Lewin, E., Olgaard, K. Calcif. Tissue Int. (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Assessment of vaporizer performance in low-flow and closed-circuit anesthesia. Lin, C.Y. Anesth. Analg. (1980) [Pubmed]
  10. Quantitation of glaucomatous visual field defects with the Mark II Friedmann analyzer. Hicks, B.C., Anderson, D.R. Am. J. Ophthalmol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  11. Heterotopic bone formation following total shoulder arthroplasty. Kjaersgaard-Andersen, P., Frich, L.H., Søjbjerg, J.O., Sneppen, O. The Journal of arthroplasty. (1989) [Pubmed]
  12. Measurement of DNA damage induced by irradiation with gamma-rays from a TRIGA Mark II research reactor in human cells using Fast Micromethod. Hassanein, H., Müller, C.I., Schlösser, D., Kratz, K.L., Senyuk, O.F., Schröder, H.C. Cell. Mol. Biol. (Noisy-le-grand) (2002) [Pubmed]
  13. Retinal nerve fibre layer polarimetry: histological and clinical comparison. Morgan, J.E., Waldock, A., Jeffery, G., Cowey, A. The British journal of ophthalmology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  14. The Liverpool Mark II knee prosthesis. A preliminary report. Cavendish, M.E., Wright, J.T. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume. (1978) [Pubmed]
  15. Clinical evaluation of the accuracy of the Evident RCM Mark II Apex Locator. Ricard, O., Roux, D., Bourdeau, L., Woda, A. Journal of endodontics. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. An in vivo evaluation of the ENDEX and RCM Mark II electronic apex locators in root canals with different contents. Arora, R.K., Gulabivala, K. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics. (1995) [Pubmed]
  17. Repair strength of etched vs silica-coated metal-ceramic and all-ceramic restorations. Frankenberger, R., Krämer, N., Sindel, J. Operative dentistry. (2000) [Pubmed]
  18. Role of the recombinant protein of the platelet receptor for type I collagen in the release of nitric oxide during platelet aggregation. Chiang, T.M., Wang, Y.B., Kang, E.S. Thromb. Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Three-body wear associated with three ceramics and enamel. al-Hiyasat, A.S., Saunders, W.P., Smith, G.M. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. (1999) [Pubmed]
  20. Age-related maculopathy. II: The nature of the central visual field loss. Swann, P.G., Lovie-Kitchin, J.E. Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). (1991) [Pubmed]
  21. Influence of respiratory spacer devices on aerodynamic particle size distribution and fine particle mass of beclomethasone from metered-dose inhalers. Feddah, M.R., Davies, N.M., Gipps, E.M., Brown, K.F. Journal of aerosol medicine : the official journal of the International Society for Aerosols in Medicine. (2001) [Pubmed]
  22. Long-term mechanical reliability of multicomponent inflatable penile prosthesis: comparison of device survival. Dubocq, F., Tefilli, M.V., Gheiler, E.L., Li, H., Dhabuwala, C.B. Urology (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. Evaluation of the Datex CD-101 and Godart Capnograph Mark II infra-red carbon dioxide analysers. Blackburn, J.P., Williams, T.R. British journal of anaesthesia. (1980) [Pubmed]
  24. Validity and responsiveness of generic preference-based HRQOL instruments in chronic epilepsy. Langfitt, J.T., Vickrey, B.G., McDermott, M.P., Messing, S., Berg, A.T., Spencer, S.S., Sperling, M.R., Bazil, C.W., Shinnar, S. Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation. (2006) [Pubmed]
  25. Evaluation of the Friedmann Visual Field Analyser Mark II. Part 1. Results from a normal population. Henson, D.B., Dix, S.M., Oborne, A.C. The British journal of ophthalmology. (1984) [Pubmed]
  26. The Pritchard Mark II elbow prosthesis in rheumatoid arthritis. Madsen, F., Gudmundson, G.H., Søjbjerg, J.O., Sneppen, O. Acta orthopaedica Scandinavica. (1989) [Pubmed]
  27. The G.F.S. Mark II inflatable penile prosthesis. Fein, R.L. J. Urol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  28. GFS Mark II inflatable penile prosthesis: four-year clinical study. Fein, R.L. Urology (1994) [Pubmed]
  29. Precision and accuracy of Morgan ventilometers at continuous and sinusoidal flows. Hart, J.D., Withers, R.T., Tucker, R.C. Eur. Respir. J. (1994) [Pubmed]
  30. Septic patients in multiple organ failure can oxidize infused glucose, but non-oxidative disposal (storage) is impaired. Green, C.J., Campbell, I.T., O'Sullivan, E., Underhill, S., McLaren, D.P., Hipkin, L.J., MacDonald, I.A., Russell, J. Clin. Sci. (1995) [Pubmed]
  31. A comparison of three health status measures in primary care outpatients. Edelman, D., Williams, G.R., Rothman, M., Samsa, G.P. Journal of general internal medicine : official journal of the Society for Research and Education in Primary Care Internal Medicine. (1999) [Pubmed]
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