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Gene Review

BCE_4386  -  sporulation protein

Bacillus cereus ATCC 10987

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Disease relevance of BCE_4386


High impact information on BCE_4386

  • We consider it unlikely that FluG functions in synthesis of glutamine but instead propose that FluG functions as a GSI-related enzyme in synthesizing an extracellular signal directing asexual sporulation and perhaps other aspects of colony growth [6].
  • Recent findings indicate that sigmaB also plays an important role in antibiotic resistance, pathogenesis and cellular differentiation processes such as biofilm formation and sporulation [7].
  • The PlcR regulon had dramatic effects on the sporulation of a B. anthracis strain containing the virulence plasmid pXO1 [8].
  • Thus, sigma(Fah) may link phage gene expression to sporulation of the host [9].
  • Influence of Sporulation Medium Composition on Transcription of ger Operons and the Germination Response of Spores of Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of BCE_4386


Biological context of BCE_4386

  • The rate of conversion varied, being initially slow, most rapid at the time of morphogenesis of the coat layers, and then slow again late in sporulation, coincident with a decrease in intracellular protease activity [16].
  • The initiation of sporulation in Bacillus species is regulated by the phosphorelay signal transduction pathway, which is activated by several histidine sensor kinases in response to cellular and metabolic signals [3].
  • Insertional inactivation of mbl indicated that this gene is not essential for cell viability or sporulation [17].
  • The implication of the apparently species-specific spore ploidy and the influence of the sporulation conditions on spore size and shape are discussed [18].
  • The grouping of B. anthracis strains by size and sporulation temperature did not correlate with their respective virulence [19].

Anatomical context of BCE_4386


Associations of BCE_4386 with chemical compounds

  • The total amount of nitrogen used by the bacteria in YLLG was less than that used by the bacteria in YLHG, although a significant amount of NH4+ was present in the medium throughout sporulation [12].
  • Ethyl picolinate specifically inhibited at two stages, outgrowth and sporulation [11].
  • The results indicated that the electron transfer capacity during sporulation, dormancy, and germination is related to the menaquinone levels in the membrane [22].
  • The consumption of glutamate depended on the initial concentration; in YLLG, all of the glutamate was used early during exponential growth, while in YLHG, almost all of the glutamate was used during sporulation [12].
  • The addition of Mg2+ to the sporulation medium did not remove this requirment for sucrose of Mg2+ [23].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of BCE_4386


  1. Inorganic polyphosphate in Bacillus cereus: motility, biofilm formation, and sporulation. Shi, X., Rao, N.N., Kornberg, A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Bacteriophage and bacteriophage-like structures carried by Bacillus medusa and their effect on sporulation. Hendry, G.S., Gillespie, J.B., Fitz-James, P.C. J. Virol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  3. Characterization of sporulation histidine kinases of Bacillus anthracis. Brunsing, R.L., La Clair, C., Tang, S., Chiang, C., Hancock, L.E., Perego, M., Hoch, J.A. J. Bacteriol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Spore location patterns in sporulating doublets of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus megaterium, derived from single doublet isolates with differing sporulation geometry. Johnstone, K., Ellar, D.J. J. Bacteriol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  5. Changes in membrane-associated proteins during sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. Rhaese, H.J., Reichenbach, A., Stamminger, G. Eur. J. Biochem. (1984) [Pubmed]
  6. The Aspergillus nidulans fluG gene is required for production of an extracellular developmental signal and is related to prokaryotic glutamine synthetase I. Lee, B.N., Adams, T.H. Genes Dev. (1994) [Pubmed]
  7. The role of sigmaB in the stress response of Gram-positive bacteria -- targets for food preservation and safety. van Schaik, W., Abee, T. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. The incompatibility between the PlcR- and AtxA-controlled regulons may have selected a nonsense mutation in Bacillus anthracis. Mignot, T., Mock, M., Robichon, D., Landier, A., Lereclus, D., Fouet, A. Mol. Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. Genome sequence and gene expression of Bacillus anthracis bacteriophage Fah. Minakhin, L., Semenova, E., Liu, J., Vasilov, A., Severinova, E., Gabisonia, T., Inman, R., Mushegian, A., Severinov, K. J. Mol. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Influence of Sporulation Medium Composition on Transcription of ger Operons and the Germination Response of Spores of Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579. Hornstra, L.M., de Vries, Y.P., de Vos, W.M., Abee, T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. Study of inhibition of outgrowth in Bacillus cereus T by ethyl picolinate. Pandey, N.K., Gollakota, K.G. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  12. Influence of glutamate on growth, sporulation, and spore properties of Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 in defined medium. de Vries, Y.P., Atmadja, R.D., Hornstra, L.M., de Vos, W.M., Abee, T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Regulation of dihydrodipicolinate synthase during growth and sporulation of Bacillus cereus. Hoganson, D.A., Stahly, D.P. J. Bacteriol. (1975) [Pubmed]
  14. Biofilm formation and sporulation by Bacillus cereus on a stainless steel surface and subsequent resistance of vegetative cells and spores to chlorine, chlorine dioxide, and a peroxyacetic acid-based sanitizer. Ryu, J.H., Beuchat, L.R. J. Food Prot. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. Penicillin-binding protein sensitive to cephalexin in sporulation of Bacillus cereus. Miyamoto, T., Yamaguchi, K., Abu Sayed, M., Sasahara, R., Honjoh, K., Hatano, S. Microbiol. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Synthesis of Bacillus cereus spore coat protein. Aronson, A.I. J. Bacteriol. (1981) [Pubmed]
  17. Bacillus subtilis possesses a second determinant with extensive sequence similarity to the Escherichia coli mreB morphogene. Abhayawardhane, Y., Stewart, G.C. J. Bacteriol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  18. A method for the determination of bacterial spore DNA content based on isotopic labelling, spore germination and diphenylamine assay; ploidy of spores of several Bacillus species. Hauser, P.M., Karamata, D. Biochimie (1992) [Pubmed]
  19. Difference between the spore sizes of Bacillus anthracis and other Bacillus species. Carrera, M., Zandomeni, R.O., Fitzgibbon, J., Sagripanti, J.L. J. Appl. Microbiol. (2007) [Pubmed]
  20. Respiratory systems of the Bacillus cereus mother cell and forespore. Escamilla, J.E., Ramírez, R., Del-Arenal, P., Aranda, A. J. Bacteriol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  21. The location of bacterial antigens on sections of Bacillus cereus by use of the soluble peroxidase--anti-peroxidase complex and unlabelled antibody. Short, J.A., Walker, P.D. J. Gen. Microbiol. (1975) [Pubmed]
  22. Role of menaquinone in inactivation and activation of the Bacillus cereus forespore respiratory system. Escamilla, J.E., Barquera, B., Ramírez, R., García-Horsman, A., del Arenal, P. J. Bacteriol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  23. Heat-induced requirements for sucrose or magnesium for expression of heat resistance in Bacillus cereus forespores. Busta, F.F., Baillie, E., Murrell, W.G. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  24. A Bacillus thuringiensis isolate possessing a spore-associated filament. Rampersad, J., Khan, A., Ammons, D. Curr. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Growth behaviour of a spore forming probiotic strain in the gastrointestinal tract of broiler chicken and piglets. Jadamus, A., Vahjen, W., Simon, O. Archiv für Tierernährung. (2001) [Pubmed]
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