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MeSH Review

Animals, Wild

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Disease relevance of Animals, Wild


High impact information on Animals, Wild

  • Virus detectives seek source of SARS in China's wild animals [6].
  • Our results lend support to the use of corticosterone as a rapid quantitative predictor of survival in wild animal populations [7].
  • Strange things, moving things, wild animals. Focus on "Neural correlates of the automatic and goal-driven biases in orienting spatial attention" [8].
  • This study demonstrates that estrogen can affect adult neural plasticity on a gross anatomical scale and is the first examination of estrogen effects on the brain of a wild animal [9].
  • Circulating carotenoid concentration data in captive wild animals are limited and may be useful for their management [10].

Biological context of Animals, Wild

  • Energy availability has been considered to regulate gonadal activity by modulating the release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)/luteinizing hormone (LH) at various reproductive phases, such as lactation and puberty in domestic as well as wild animals [11].
  • This review highlights the development and use of molecular markers such as microsatellites, minisatellites, mitochondrial control region, cytochrome b and MHC loci to assess the genetic variation in various Indian wild animals such as the lion, tiger, leopard and deer [12].

Anatomical context of Animals, Wild

  • Neonatal diarrhea was an important cause of morbidity and mortality in a hand-rearing facility for exotic ruminants at the San Diego Wild Animal Park. Studies undertaken to determine the causes of the problem revealed that oocysts of Cryptosporidium sp. were demonstrable in auramine O stained fecal smears from 52 of 183 (28.4%) animals examined [13].

Associations of Animals, Wild with chemical compounds

  • During 1982 and 1983, the Centers for Disease Control and cooperating Middle Atlantic States and local health departments collected data on 1,610 raccoons that were submitted for rabies testing and on 133 persons who received rabies postexposure prophylaxis as a result of exposure to wild animals [14].
  • A total of 1,435 isolates from 17 samples of cattle, poultry, human, and wild-animal wastes were obtained, and their ability to grow in the presence of four concentrations of five antibiotics (chlortetracycline, halofuginone, oxytetracycline, salinomycin, and streptomycin) was measured [15].
  • Since nanomolar concentrations of tributyltin disturbed steroidogenesis in mammalian cells, there is the possibility that steroid hormone synthesis in polluted wild animals is affected by this compound [16].
  • A one-year study of gastro-intestinal parasitism in a free-ranging population of maras at Whipsnade Wild Animal Park, UK, revealed a strong relationship between membership of social units and both intensity and prevalence of infection [17].
  • It is possible that xenoestrogens other than DES alter sexual differentiation in males and account for the increasing incidence of developmental disorders of the reproductive tract in men and wild animals [18].

Gene context of Animals, Wild

  • These data were obtained from four gibbons in the Wild Animal Park, Planckendael, Belgium, by using a walkway with integrated force plate and pressure mat [19].
  • The sera of 16 species of wild animals representing 5 classes of vertebrates were assayed for amebicidal activity against species of Naegleria [20].
  • ARA results found that FC from wild animal sources dominated during the drought, and the relative frequency of FC from human sources increased after cumulative rainfall increased to near-normal levels [21].
  • Statistical comparison of PCB concentrations in samples from wild animals and humans showed that in spite of its relatively high fat concentration, brain tissue in all of the species examined (with the exception of fish) appeared to be better protected against accumulation of PCB than liver or muscle tissue [22].
  • Genotyping of Giardia intestinalis from domestic and wild animals in Japan using glutamete dehydrogenase gene sequencing [23].


  1. Kinetics and synergistic effects of siRNAs targeting structural and replicase genes of SARS-associated coronavirus. He, M.L., Zheng, B.J., Chen, Y., Wong, K.L., Huang, J.D., Lin, M.C., Peng, Y., Yuen, K.Y., Sung, J.J., Kung, H.F. FEBS Lett. (2006) [Pubmed]
  2. An ancillary tool for the diagnosis of amyloid A amyloidosis in a variety of domestic and wild animals. Shtrasburg, S., Gal, R., Gruys, E., Perl, S., Martin, B.M., Kaplan, B., Koren, R., Nyska, A., Pras, M., Livneh, A. Vet. Pathol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. A new non-species dependent ELISA for detection of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi s. l. in zoo animals. Stöbel, K., Schönberg, A., Staak, C. Int. J. Med. Microbiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Fatal infections with Balamuthia mandrillaris (a free-living amoeba) in gorillas and other Old World primates. Rideout, B.A., Gardiner, C.H., Stalis, I.H., Zuba, J.R., Hadfield, T., Visvesvara, G.S. Vet. Pathol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. Brucella abortus in wildlife on selected cattle farms in Alabama. Schnurrenberger, P.R., Brown, R.R., Hill, E.P., Scanlan, C.M., Altiere, J.A., Wykoff, J.T. J. Wildl. Dis. (1985) [Pubmed]
  6. Virus detectives seek source of SARS in China's wild animals. Cyranoski, D., Abbott, A. Nature (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Corticosterone levels predict survival probabilities of Galapagos marine iguanas during El Nino events. Romero, L.M., Wikelski, M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Strange things, moving things, wild animals. Focus on "Neural correlates of the automatic and goal-driven biases in orienting spatial attention". McPeek, R.M. J. Neurophysiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Estrogen contributes to seasonal plasticity of the adult avian song control system. Soma, K.K., Tramontin, A.D., Featherstone, J., Brenowitz, E.A. J. Neurobiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  10. A survey of serum and dietary carotenoids in captive wild animals. Slifka, K.A., Bowen, P.E., Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis, M., Crissey, S.D. J. Nutr. (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. A rat model for the energetic regulation of gonadotropin secretion: role of the glucose-sensing mechanism in the brain. Kinoshita, M., Moriyama, R., Tsukamura, H., Maeda, K.I. Domest. Anim. Endocrinol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. Conservation of wild animals by assisted reproduction and molecular marker technology. Shivaji, S., Kholkute, S.D., Verma, S.K., Gaur, A., Umapathy, G., Singh, A., Sontakke, S., Shailaja, K., Reddy, A., Monika, S., Sivaram, V., Jyotsna, B., Bala, S., Ahmed, M.S., Bala, A., Chandrashekar, B.V., Gupta, S., Prakash, S., Singh, L. Indian J. Exp. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  13. Cryptosporidial infections in captive wild animals. Heuschele, W.P., Oosterhuis, J., Janssen, D., Robinson, P.T., Ensley, P.K., Meier, J.E., Olson, T., Anderson, M.P., Benirschke, K. J. Wildl. Dis. (1986) [Pubmed]
  14. Descriptive epidemiology from an epizootic of raccoon rabies in the Middle Atlantic States, 1982-1983. Jenkins, S.R., Winkler, W.G. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  15. Discriminant analysis of antibiotic resistance patterns in fecal streptococci, a method to differentiate human and animal sources of fecal pollution in natural waters. Wiggins, B.A. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  16. Tributyltin disturbs bovine adrenal steroidogenesis by two modes of action. Yamazaki, T., Shimodaira, M., Kuwahara, H., Wakatsuki, H., Horiuchi, H., Matsuda, H., Kominami, S. Steroids (2005) [Pubmed]
  17. Social structure of the mara (Dolichotis patagonum) as a determinant of gastro-intestinal parasitism. Porteous, I.S., Pankhurst, S.J. Parasitology (1998) [Pubmed]
  18. Phytoestrogens: potential endocrine disruptors in males. Santti, R., Mäkelä, S., Strauss, L., Korkman, J., Kostian, M.L. Toxicology and industrial health. (1998) [Pubmed]
  19. Functional analysis of the gibbon foot during terrestrial bipedal walking: plantar pressure distributions and three-dimensional ground reaction forces. Vereecke, E., D'Août, K., Van Elsacker, L., De Clercq, D., Aerts, P. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  20. Amebicidal activity of wild animal serum. John, D.T., Smith, B.L. J. Parasitol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  21. The influence of rainfall on the incidence of microbial faecal indicators and the dominant sources of faecal pollution in a Florida river. Shehane, S.D., Harwood, V.J., Whitlock, J.E., Rose, J.B. J. Appl. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  22. Species and organ dependence of PCB contamination in fish, foxes, roe deer, and humans. Bachour, G., Failing, K., Georgii, S., Elmadfa, I., Brunn, H. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. Genotyping of Giardia intestinalis from domestic and wild animals in Japan using glutamete dehydrogenase gene sequencing. Itagaki, T., Kinoshita, S., Aoki, M., Itoh, N., Saeki, H., Sato, N., Uetsuki, J., Izumiyama, S., Yagita, K., Endo, T. Vet. Parasitol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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