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MeSH Review

Self-Help Groups

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Disease relevance of Self-Help Groups


Psychiatry related information on Self-Help Groups


High impact information on Self-Help Groups

  • Members only: electronic support groups closed to the average surfer [11].
  • The Database of Individual Patients' Experience of illness (DIPEx) is a multimedia website and CD-ROM that links patients' experiences with evidence-based information about treatments and the illness itself and with a range of other resources that may be useful, including support groups and links to other websites [12].
  • METHODS: Novel lateral wedged insoles with elastic subtalar strapping (the subtalar strapping support group) and ankle supporters with a lateral wedged heel insert (the sock-type ankle support group) were prepared [13].
  • Specifically, they allow access to CFTR nucleic predicted protein sequences, pages for medical doctors and researchers, and support-group sites directed towards CF patients, their families and friends [14].
  • Stress management and mutual support groups in rheumatoid arthritis [15].

Chemical compound and disease context of Self-Help Groups

  • One hundred eighteen volunteers were studied in a hospital-based smoking cessation program in which nicotine polacrilex (Nicorette) was used as an adjunct to behavioral modification (group support) [16].
  • The intervention group was reviewed at least four times in the six month period and received spirometry, ambulatory oxygen assessment, smoking cessation advice, nebuliser assessment, a steroid trial, advice about nutrition/exercise, and introduction to a patient support group [17].

Biological context of Self-Help Groups


Anatomical context of Self-Help Groups

  • These striking anatomical features of the adrenergic C1 and C2 cell groups support the proposal that adrenergic neurons in the rostral medulla oblongata play an important role in the integration of visceral functions (Fuxe et al., '80) [21].
  • Differences in distal nephron chloride, potassium and bicarbonate reabsorption among the groups support the hypothesis that the enhanced distal sodium reabsorption in the newborn occurred largely in the ascending loop of Henle with NaCl expansion, while it occurred in the late distal and cortical collecting tubules with NaHCO3 expansion [22].

Associations of Self-Help Groups with chemical compounds

  • The intervention involved 3 months of weekly instructional sessions on nutrition, self-monitoring of blood glucose, exercise, and other self-care topics and 6 months of biweekly support group sessions to promote behavior changes [23].
  • The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of worksite group counselling interventions designed to prevent smoking relapse after abstinence has been achieved following 3 months therapy using group support and/or transdermal nicotine replacement therapy [24].
  • While these activities incorporate education, counseling, outreach to families and exposure to self-help groups (e.g. Cocaine Anonymous), numerous pharmacological approaches have been tested [25].
  • Of these, 1469 attended Next Step Specialist Drug and Alcohol Services (928 received methadone and 541 attended counselling or support groups) and 2811 had no contact with this service [26].
  • SUBJECTS: Adult stroke survivors attending stroke support groups within the community of Nottingham (U.K.). MAIN MEASURES: The Balance Performance Monitor used to measure sitting symmetry and weight-shift activity [27].

Gene context of Self-Help Groups

  • Counseling by an expert dietitian and association with a celiac support group are important in helping the patient embark on a healthy gluten-free diet [28].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Raised TIMP-1 levels in the SSc groups support the hypothesis that matrix accumulation occurs in SSc at least in part owing to decreased degradation [29].
  • In addition, referrals for a psychoeducation group, community support group, or psychotherapy may be useful for individuals, couples and families who are considering genetic testing for BRCA mutations [30].
  • The political profile of patients with COPD is increasing as patient support groups develop the confidence to campaign for better services [31].
  • A bereavement support group intervention is longitudinally associated with salutary effects on the CD4 cell count and number of physician visits [32].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Self-Help Groups

  • Compared with the control group (n = 35 cycles), the luteal support group (n = 44 cycles) had a significantly higher PR per retrieval (control: 2% versus luteal support: 16%) and were older (control: 33 +/- 4 versus luteal support: 35 +/- 4 years; mean +/- SEM) [33].
  • Suggestion of a dual diagnosis of autism in a small minority of individuals led to a more detailed survey of parents belonging to the Cohen Syndrome Support Group, based in the UK [34].
  • Both support groups, relative to the Regular Treatment Group, made greater improvements on the Sickness Impact Profile. CONCLUSION: This study provides little evidence that support groups, as a complement to regular treatment, enhance long-term outcome for subacute musculoskeletal pain problems [35].
  • The data also suggest the need for ongoing patient care by IVF teams and for support groups to be established exclusively for IVF parents of twins [36].
  • PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited through Command Trust Network, an international support group for women with breast implant problems [37].


  1. Sociodemographic characteristics and health related quality of life in men attending prostate cancer support groups. Katz, D., Koppie, T.M., Wu, D., Meng, M.V., Grossfeld, G.D., Sadesky, N., Lubeck, D.P., Carroll, P.R. J. Urol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. Physicians' recommendations for colon cancer screening in women. Too much of a good thing? Richards, C., Klabunde, C., O'Malley, M. American journal of preventive medicine. (1998) [Pubmed]
  3. Gender differences in factors associated with adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Berg, K.M., Demas, P.A., Howard, A.A., Schoenbaum, E.E., Gourevitch, M.N., Arnsten, J.H. Journal of general internal medicine : official journal of the Society for Research and Education in Primary Care Internal Medicine. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. A randomized controlled trial of laser treatment among hirsute women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Clayton, W.J., Lipton, M., Elford, J., Rustin, M., Sherr, L. Br. J. Dermatol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. A psychosocial intervention for patients with soft tissue sarcoma. Payne, D.K., Lundberg, J.C., Brennan, M.F., Holland, J.C. Psycho-oncology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  6. Peer support groups in multiple sclerosis: current effectiveness and future directions. Messmer Uccelli, M., Mancuso Mohr, L., Battaglia, M.A., Zagami, P., Mohr, D.C. Mult. Scler. (2004) [Pubmed]
  7. Smoking cessation: techniques and potential benefits. Ziedalski, T.M., Ruoss, S.J. Thoracic surgery clinics. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Identification of patients with coexisting alcohol and cocaine disorders at a community mental health center. Buick, W.P., Wellington, T. Journal of mental health administration. (1990) [Pubmed]
  9. Bulimia. Johnson, R.E., Sinnott, S.K. American family physician. (1981) [Pubmed]
  10. Self-help groups for families of schizophrenic patients: formation, development and therapeutic impact. Schulze Mönking, H. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. (1994) [Pubmed]
  11. Members only: electronic support groups closed to the average surfer. Smith, J. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Database of patients' experiences (DIPEx): a multi-media approach to sharing experiences and information. Herxheimer, A., McPherson, A., Miller, R., Shepperd, S., Yaphe, J., Ziebland, S. Lancet (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Usefulness of an insole with subtalar strapping for analgesia in patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. Toda, Y., Segal, N. Arthritis Rheum. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. Cystic fibrosis resources on the World Wide Web. Tebbutt, S.J. Molecular medicine today. (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. Stress management and mutual support groups in rheumatoid arthritis. Shearn, M.A., Fireman, B.H. Am. J. Med. (1985) [Pubmed]
  16. Stop-smoking program using nicotine reduction therapy and behavior modification for heavy smokers. Cooper, T.M., Clayton, R.R. Journal of the American Dental Association (1939) (1989) [Pubmed]
  17. Implementation of British Thoracic Society guidelines for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: impact on quality of life. Dheda, K., Crawford, A., Hagan, G., Roberts, C.M. Postgraduate medical journal. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. Effectiveness of an intervention to reduce HIV transmission risks in HIV-positive people. Kalichman, S.C., Rompa, D., Cage, M., DiFonzo, K., Simpson, D., Austin, J., Luke, W., Buckles, J., Kyomugisha, F., Benotsch, E., Pinkerton, S., Graham, J. American journal of preventive medicine. (2001) [Pubmed]
  19. Addressing treatment needs of Southeast Asian Mien opium users in California. Martin, J., Zweben, J.E. Journal of psychoactive drugs. (1993) [Pubmed]
  20. The cost-effectiveness of a cardiovascular risk reduction program in general practice. Salkeld, G., Phongsavan, P., Oldenburg, B., Johannesson, M., Convery, P., Graham-Clarke, P., Walker, S., Shaw, J. Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands) (1997) [Pubmed]
  21. Rat medulla oblongata. III. Adrenergic (C1 and C2) neurons, nerve fibers and presumptive terminal processes. Kalia, M., Fuxe, K., Goldstein, M. J. Comp. Neurol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  22. Lack of anion effect on volume expansion natriuresis in the developing canine kidney. Lorenz, J.M., Kleinman, L.I., Disney, T.A. J. Dev. Physiol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  23. Culturally competent diabetes self-management education for Mexican Americans: the Starr County border health initiative. Brown, S.A., Garcia, A.A., Kouzekanani, K., Hanis, C.L. Diabetes Care (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Maintaining abstinence from cigarette smoking: effectiveness of group counselling and factors predicting outcome. Razavi, D., Vandecasteele, H., Primo, C., Bodo, M., Debrier, F., Verbist, H., Pethica, D., Eerdekens, M., Kaufman, L. Eur. J. Cancer (1999) [Pubmed]
  25. The treatment of stimulant dependence. Schuckit, M.A. Addiction (1994) [Pubmed]
  26. Mortality in a cohort of opiate and amphetamine users in Perth, Western Australia. Bartu, A., Freeman, N.C., Gawthorne, G.S., Codde, J.P., Holman, C.D. Addiction (2004) [Pubmed]
  27. The intra-rater reliability of the balance performance monitor when measuring sitting symmetry and weight-shift activity after stroke in a community setting. Sackley, C.M., Hill, H.J., Pound, K., Foxall, A. Clinical rehabilitation. (2005) [Pubmed]
  28. Celiac disease: epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and nutritional management. Schuppan, D., Dennis, M.D., Kelly, C.P. Nutrition in clinical care : an official publication of Tufts University. (2005) [Pubmed]
  29. Serum TIMP-1, TIMP-2, and MMP-1 in patients with systemic sclerosis, primary Raynaud's phenomenon, and in normal controls. Young-Min, S.A., Beeton, C., Laughton, R., Plumpton, T., Bartram, S., Murphy, G., Black, C., Cawston, T.E. Ann. Rheum. Dis. (2001) [Pubmed]
  30. Family issues in a psychoeducation group for women with a BRCA mutation. Speice, J., McDaniel, S.H., Rowley, P.T., Loader, S. Clin. Genet. (2002) [Pubmed]
  31. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 8: non-pharmacological management of COPD. Morgan, M.D., Britton, J.R. Thorax (2003) [Pubmed]
  32. A bereavement support group intervention is longitudinally associated with salutary effects on the CD4 cell count and number of physician visits. Goodkin, K., Feaster, D.J., Asthana, D., Blaney, N.T., Kumar, M., Baldewicz, T., Tuttle, R.S., Maher, K.J., Baum, M.K., Shapshak, P., Fletcher, M.A. Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  33. Luteal support with both estradiol and progesterone after clomiphene citrate stimulation for in vitro fertilization. Hurd, W.W., Randolph, J.F., Christman, G.M., Ansbacher, R., Menge, A.C., Gell, J.S. Fertil. Steril. (1996) [Pubmed]
  34. Autistic features in Cohen syndrome: a preliminary report. Howlin, P. Developmental medicine and child neurology. (2001) [Pubmed]
  35. Bridging the gap: support groups do not enhance long-term outcome in chronic back pain. Linton, S.J., Hellsing, A.L., Larsson, I. The Clinical journal of pain. (1997) [Pubmed]
  36. Successful parents of in vitro fertilization (IVF): the social repercussions. Munro, J.M., Ironside, W., Smith, G.C. J. Assist. Reprod. Genet. (1992) [Pubmed]
  37. Women's reports of breast implant problems and silicone-related illness. Logothetis, M.L. Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG. (1995) [Pubmed]
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