The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Medulla Oblongata

Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Medulla Oblongata


Psychiatry related information on Medulla Oblongata


High impact information on Medulla Oblongata


Chemical compound and disease context of Medulla Oblongata


Biological context of Medulla Oblongata


Anatomical context of Medulla Oblongata


Associations of Medulla Oblongata with chemical compounds


Gene context of Medulla Oblongata


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Medulla Oblongata


  1. Norepinephrine release and neuropeptide Y in medulla oblongata of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Tsuda, K., Tsuda, S., Masuyama, Y., Goldstein, M. Hypertension (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Chemical injury of the spinal cord of the rabbit after intracisternal injection of gentamicin: an ultrastructural study. Hodges, G.R., Watanabe, I. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  3. Effects of chronic prenatal hypoxia on tyrosine hydroxylase and phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase messenger RNA and protein levels in medulla oblongata of postnatal rat. White, L.D., Lawson, E.E. Pediatr. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. Molecular responses to acidosis of central chemosensitive neurons in brain. Shimokawa, N., Dikic, I., Sugama, S., Koibuchi, N. Cell. Signal. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Hypotension activates neuropeptide Y-containing neurons in the rat medulla oblongata. McLean, K.J., Jarrott, B., Lawrence, A.J. Neuroscience (1999) [Pubmed]
  6. Antagonistic effects of stimulation of the paramedian reticular nucleus in the rat medulla oblongata and of amphetamine on locomotor activity and striatal release of dopamine-like material. Lin, M.T., Chuang, S.F., Li, Y.C., Young, M.S., Chai, C.Y. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  7. Metallothionein-I induction by stress in specific brain areas. Hidalgo, J., Campmany, L., Martí, O., Armario, A. Neurochem. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  8. Acetylcholinesterase activity in the pons and medulla oblongata of rats after chronic electroconvulsive shock. Camarini, R., Benedito, M.A. Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  9. Rnx deficiency results in congenital central hypoventilation. Shirasawa, S., Arata, A., Onimaru, H., Roth, K.A., Brown, G.A., Horning, S., Arata, S., Okumura, K., Sasazuki, T., Korsmeyer, S.J. Nat. Genet. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. The midbrain-hindbrain phenotype of Wnt-1-/Wnt-1- mice results from stepwise deletion of engrailed-expressing cells by 9.5 days postcoitum. McMahon, A.P., Joyner, A.L., Bradley, A., McMahon, J.A. Cell (1992) [Pubmed]
  11. Evidence for coexistence of dopamine and CCK in meso-limbic neurones. Hökfelt, T., Rehfeld, J.F., Skirboll, L., Ivemark, B., Goldstein, M., Markey, K. Nature (1980) [Pubmed]
  12. Forebrain pathways mediating stress-induced hormone secretion. Van de Kar, L.D., Blair, M.L. Frontiers in neuroendocrinology. (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. GABA and glycine in synaptic vesicles: storage and transport characteristics. Burger, P.M., Hell, J., Mehl, E., Krasel, C., Lottspeich, F., Jahn, R. Neuron (1991) [Pubmed]
  14. Treatment of apneustic respiratory disturbance with a serotonin-receptor agonist. Wilken, B., Lalley, P., Bischoff, A.M., Christen, H.J., Behnke, J., Hanefeld, F., Richter, D.W. J. Pediatr. (1997) [Pubmed]
  15. Noradrenaline concentration and turnover in nuclei of the hyothalamus and the medulla oblongata at two stages in the development of renal hypertension in the rat. Wijnen, H.J., De Kloet, E.R., Versteeg, D.H., De Jong, W. Brain Res. (1980) [Pubmed]
  16. Pulmonary edema as a cause for fulminant death following microinjection of kainic acid into the rat medulla oblongata. Chan, S.H., Chong, A.P., Ong, B.T., Chong, O.K., Lim, H.C. Neurosci. Lett. (1985) [Pubmed]
  17. Flurothyl-induced seizures in rats activate Fos in brainstem catecholaminergic neurons. Silveira, D.C., Schachter, S.C., Schomer, D.L., Holmes, G.L. Epilepsy Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
  18. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy: diagnostic significance of vacuolar changes in selected nuclei of the medulla oblongata. Wells, G.A., Hancock, R.D., Cooley, W.A., Richards, M.S., Higgins, R.J., David, G.P. Vet. Rec. (1989) [Pubmed]
  19. Decreased hypothalamic and medullary GABA turnover in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Sasaki, S., Kuwabara, T., Yoshitomi, T., Yoneda, Y., Takenaka, K., Takesako, T., Tanaka, M., Hirata, M., Tanabe, S., Nakata, T. Cardiovasc. Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  20. Kinetics and subunit composition of NMDA receptors in respiratory-related neurons. Paarmann, I., Frermann, D., Keller, B.U., Villmann, C., Breitinger, H.G., Hollmann, M. J. Neurochem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  21. Glutamine synthetase modulation in astrocyte cultures of different mouse brain areas. Khelil, M., Rolland, B., Fages, C., Tardy, M. Glia (1990) [Pubmed]
  22. Effect on ventilation of papaverine administered to the brain stem of the anaesthetized cat. Berkenbosch, A., Olievier, C.N., DeGoede, J., Kruyt, E.W. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1991) [Pubmed]
  23. Ontogeny of phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase- and tyrosine hydroxylase-like immunoreactivity in presumptive adrenaline neurones of the foetal rat central nervous system. Foster, G.A., Schultzberg, M., Goldstein, M., Hökfelt, T. J. Comp. Neurol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  24. Immunohistochemical distribution of alpha-neo-endorphin/dynorphin neuronal systems in rat brain: evidence for colocalization. Weber, E., Roth, K.A., Barchas, J.D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1982) [Pubmed]
  25. A new human homeobox gene OGI2X is a member of the most conserved homeobox gene family and is expressed during heart development in mouse. Semina, E.V., Reiter, R.S., Murray, J.C. Hum. Mol. Genet. (1998) [Pubmed]
  26. Expression pattern of homeobox-containing genes during chick embryogenesis. Wedden, S.E., Pang, K., Eichele, G. Development (1989) [Pubmed]
  27. Pbx3 deficiency results in central hypoventilation. Rhee, J.W., Arata, A., Selleri, L., Jacobs, Y., Arata, S., Onimaru, H., Cleary, M.L. Am. J. Pathol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  28. The secretin precursor gene. Structure of the coding region and expression in the brain. Itoh, N., Furuya, T., Ozaki, K., Ohta, M., Kawasaki, T. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
  29. Serotonin neurons on the ventral brain surface. Gorcs, T.J., Liposits, Z., Palay, S.L., Chan-Palay, V. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1985) [Pubmed]
  30. Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase-containing neurons in the limbic system of the young rat. Mezey, E. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1989) [Pubmed]
  31. Progesterone stimulates respiration through a central nervous system steroid receptor-mediated mechanism in cat. Bayliss, D.A., Millhorn, D.E., Gallman, E.A., Cidlowski, J.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1987) [Pubmed]
  32. Molecular and biochemical characterization of a serine proteinase predominantly expressed in the medulla oblongata and cerebellar white matter of mouse brain. Matsui, H., Kimura, A., Yamashiki, N., Moriyama, A., Kaya, M., Yoshida, I., Takagi, N., Takahashi, T. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  33. Modulation of norepinephrine release by galanin in rat medulla oblongata. Tsuda, K., Tsuda, S., Nishio, I., Masuyama, Y., Goldstein, M. Hypertension (1992) [Pubmed]
  34. The second member of the human and murine "bubblegum" family is a testis- and brainstem-specific acyl-CoA synthetase. Pei, Z., Jia, Z., Watkins, P.A. J. Biol. Chem. (2006) [Pubmed]
  35. Tissue plasminogen activator and neuroserpin are widely expressed in the human central nervous system. Teesalu, T., Kulla, A., Simisker, A., Sirén, V., Lawrence, D.A., Asser, T., Vaheri, A. Thromb. Haemost. (2004) [Pubmed]
  36. Distinct temporal expression of mouse Nkx-5.1 and Nkx-5.2 homeobox genes during brain and ear development. Rinkwitz-Brandt, S., Justus, M., Oldenettel, I., Arnold, H.H., Bober, E. Mech. Dev. (1995) [Pubmed]
  37. Distribution and relationships of neuropeptide Y and NADPH-diaphorase in human ventrolateral medulla oblongata. Benarroch, E.E., Smithson, I.L. J. Auton. Nerv. Syst. (1997) [Pubmed]
  38. Molecular cloning and characterization of MFRP, a novel gene encoding a membrane-type Frizzled-related protein. Katoh, M. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2001) [Pubmed]
  39. Expression and development of phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT) in rat brain stem: studies with glucocorticoids. Bohn, M.C., Goldstein, M., Black, I.B. Dev. Biol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  40. Release by electrical stimulation of endogenous glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid, and other amino acids from slices of the rat medulla oblongata. Kihara, M., Misu, Y., Kubo, T. J. Neurochem. (1989) [Pubmed]
  41. In vivo monitoring of catecholaminergic metabolism in the C1 region of rat medulla oblongata: a comparative study by voltammetry and intracerebral microdialysis. Lambás-Señas, L., Gillon, J.Y., Bouilloux, J.P., Seccia, M., Buda, M., Renaud, B. J. Neurochem. (1990) [Pubmed]
  42. Amino acid changes in autopsied brain tissue from cirrhotic patients with hepatic encephalopathy. Lavoie, J., Giguère, J.F., Layrargues, G.P., Butterworth, R.F. J. Neurochem. (1987) [Pubmed]
  43. Chronic stress increases serotonin and noradrenaline in rat brain and sensitizes their responses to a further acute stress. Adell, A., Garcia-Marquez, C., Armario, A., Gelpi, E. J. Neurochem. (1988) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities