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MeSH Review

Patient Care

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Disease relevance of Patient Care


Psychiatry related information on Patient Care

  • STUDY OBJECTIVES: The utility of intravenous prochlorperazine as an antiemetic agent and abortive therapy for headache may be limited by the frequent occurrence of akathisia, the distressing effects of which have been shown to disrupt patient care [6].
  • As VAS scales are easy to use and particularly effective in research and patient care, we studied the characteristics, association, and psychometric properties of a VAS function scale (VAS-F) to determine if it could be used in RA studies and clinical practice [7].
  • Decisions about Aggressiveness of Patient Care (DAC) measures care providers' general perceptions about decision making [8].
  • Methods: Practitioners completed a 30-item survey including demographics and religious involvement (DUREL), spirituality in patient care (SPC), and barriers (BAR) [9].

High impact information on Patient Care

  • The American College of Radiology Task Force on Appropriateness Criteria was developed in 1993 with the major objective of creating the most credible patient care guidelines possible [10].
  • The National Cancer Data Base, a joint project of the American Cancer Society and the American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer, provides a mechanism for periodic assessment of hospital-based cancer patient care [11].
  • The reasons for ordering chest films were determined prospectively, and three Department of Medicine faculty members reviewed the charts of admitted patients to determine the impact of chest-film results on patient care [12].
  • Although most medical educators believe that education, research, and patient care are inseparable and essential to their academic mission, the educational component of this triad has never been given adequate, earmarked support [13].
  • PARTICIPANTS: Nonfederal, postresident patient care physicians who provided more than 47 000 responses to SMS surveys between 1983 and 1994 [14].

Chemical compound and disease context of Patient Care

  • To provide optimal patient care, it is imperative that the clinician understand the etiology of and the signs and symptoms associated with nephrotoxicity, as well as interventions to prevent nephrotoxicity in patients receiving amphotericin B [15].
  • The study helped improve patient care by showing that alveolar osteitis rates decreased when all patients received topical tetracycline [16].
  • The case mortality rate (CMR) fell from 0.65 for the period 1981-1984 to 0.42 for the period 1985-1987, and we believe this was largely a result of the introduction of cefotaxime in 1984 as first-line therapy for GNB meningitis, together with better patient care facilities.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[17]
  • Our increased understanding of levodopa-induced dyskinesia is not only valuable for improving patient care, but also in providing us with new insights into the functional organization of the basal ganglia and motor systems [18].

Biological context of Patient Care


Anatomical context of Patient Care


Associations of Patient Care with chemical compounds

  • Cholesterol reduction and health policy: taking clinical science to patient care [29].
  • MEASUREMENTS: Serial clinical examinations, hematologic profiles, liver profiles, electrolyte determinations, chest radiographs, and response to therapy; other studies appropriate for patient care [30].
  • Recommendations for patient care are so critically dependent on assessment of endocrine responsiveness that the importance of high-quality steroid hormone receptor determination and standardized quantitative reporting cannot be overemphasized [31].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Continued patient care beyond the 2-4-week period associated with the nicotine withdrawal syndrome is indicated when abstinence is attempted by smokers with prior major depression [32].
  • In addition, industry has responded with a host of latex-free products for use in patient care [33].

Gene context of Patient Care

  • Since treatment response to all-trans retinoic acid correlates directly with PML/RAR alpha, expeditious documentation is critical to patient care [34].
  • The knowledge of FAS statistical association in invasive PDV is an important finding that may stratify these patients in different prognostic groups and determine therapeutic approaches for patient care [35].
  • The recent identification of MEN1 gene mutations as the molecular cause of familial multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome (MEN1) has had a significant impact on clinical patient care [36].
  • We suggest that IL-6 be implemented as a prognostic measure in patient care, and that patients with elevated IL-6 after CPB be targeted for more aggressive anti-inflammatory therapy to protect lung function [37].
  • In particular, expression of EGFR and VEGF receptor hold promise to alter standards of patient care in the next few years [38].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Patient Care

  • OBJECTIVE: The ALS Patient Care Database was created to improve the quality of care for patients with ALS by 1) providing neurologists with data to evaluate and improve their practices, 2) publishing data on temporal trends in the care of patients with ALS, and 3) developing hypotheses to be tested during formal clinical trials [39].
  • Programs, partnerships, and patient care: moving Society of Critical Care Medicine and critical care forward. The Presidential Address from the 27th Educational and Scientific Symposium of the Society of Critical Care Medicine [40].
  • We discuss the significance of these findings in terms of our dominant patient care paradigm (the Triple Test-physical examination, imaging, and fine-needle aspiration [FNA]) and the choice of patient care management options [41].
  • Identification of survival patterns that can be described by data obtained as part of routine clinical care has implications for patient care, the design of clinical trials, the study of mechanisms of progression of HIV-related immunosuppression, and planning of health care resource needs for populations of patients with very low CD4 counts [42].
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been extensively exploited as a therapeutic and research modality and has revolutionized current patient care [43].


  1. Possible health care professional-to-patient HIV transmission. Dentists' reactions to a Centers for Disease Control report. Gerbert, B., Bleecker, T., Miyasaki, C., Maguire, B.T. JAMA (1991) [Pubmed]
  2. Catheter-induced hyperreflexia in spinal cord injury patients: diagnosis by sonographic voiding cystourethrography. Perkash, I., Friedland, G.W. Radiology. (1986) [Pubmed]
  3. Alendronate-associated esophageal injury: pathologic and endoscopic features. Abraham, S.C., Cruz-Correa, M., Lee, L.A., Yardley, J.H., Wu, T.T. Mod. Pathol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans isolated from patients with cystic fibrosis. Saiman, L., Chen, Y., Tabibi, S., San Gabriel, P., Zhou, J., Liu, Z., Lai, L., Whittier, S. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  5. Single extra-amniotic injection of prostaglandins in viscous gel to induce abortion. Mackenzie, I.Z., Embrey, M.P. British journal of obstetrics and gynaecology. (1976) [Pubmed]
  6. Diphenhydramine for the prevention of akathisia induced by prochlorperazine: a randomized, controlled trial. Vinson, D.R., Drotts, D.L. Annals of emergency medicine. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Preliminary evaluation of a visual analog function scale for use in rheumatoid arthritis. Wolfe, F., Michaud, K., Pincus, T. J. Rheumatol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Two instruments to measure interdisciplinary bioethical decision making. Baggs, J.G. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. (1993) [Pubmed]
  9. Spiritual beliefs and barriers among managed care practitioners. McCauley, J., Jenckes, M.W., Tarpley, M.J., Koenig, H.G., Yanek, L.R., Becker, D.M. Journal of religion and health. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Decision-making in radiotherapy for the cancer patient: the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria Project. Cascade, P.N., Leibel, S.A. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians. (1998) [Pubmed]
  11. Clinical highlights from the National Cancer Data Base: 1996. Jessup, J.M., McGinnis, L.S., Winchester, D.P., Eyre, H., Fremgen, A., Murphy, G.P., Menck, H.R. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians. (1996) [Pubmed]
  12. The impact of routine admission chest x-ray films on patient care. Hubbell, F.A., Greenfield, S., Tyler, J.L., Chetty, K., Wyle, F.A. N. Engl. J. Med. (1985) [Pubmed]
  13. Who will pay for medical education in our teaching hospitals? Relman, A.S. Science (1984) [Pubmed]
  14. Current trends in physicians' practice arrangements. From owners to employees. Kletke, P.R., Emmons, D.W., Gillis, K.D. JAMA (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. Amphotericin B-induced nephrotoxicity: a review. Fanos, V., Cataldi, L. Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) (2000) [Pubmed]
  16. A monitoring and evaluation study of third molar surgery complications at a major medical center. Herpy, A.K., Goupil, M.T. Military medicine. (1991) [Pubmed]
  17. Hospital-acquired neonatal bacterial meningitis: the impacts of cefotaxime usage on mortality and of amikacin usage on incidence. Coovadia, Y.M., Mayosi, B., Adhikari, M., Solwa, Z., van den Ende, J. Annals of tropical paediatrics. (1989) [Pubmed]
  18. Pathophysiology of levodopa-induced dyskinesia: potential for new therapies. Bezard, E., Brotchie, J.M., Gross, C.E. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  19. Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: XXV. Evidence-based medicine: principles for applying the Users' Guides to patient care. Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. Guyatt, G.H., Haynes, R.B., Jaeschke, R.Z., Cook, D.J., Green, L., Naylor, C.D., Wilson, M.C., Richardson, W.S. JAMA (2000) [Pubmed]
  20. Consequences of the 1989 New York State triplicate benzodiazepine prescription regulations. Weintraub, M., Singh, S., Byrne, L., Maharaj, K., Guttmacher, L. JAMA (1991) [Pubmed]
  21. A community collaborative practice experience between Med/Peds and family practice. Onady, G.M. Am. J. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  22. Effect of antiseptic handwashing vs alcohol sanitizer on health care-associated infections in neonatal intensive care units. Larson, E.L., Cimiotti, J., Haas, J., Parides, M., Nesin, M., Della-Latta, P., Saiman, L. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
  23. Critical care bug team: a multidisciplinary team approach to reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia. Kaye, J., Ashline, V., Erickson, D., Zeiler, K., Gavigan, D., Gannon, L., Wynne, P., Cooper, J., Kittle, W., Sharma, K., Morton, J. American journal of infection control. (2000) [Pubmed]
  24. Bacterial contamination of the hands of hospital staff during routine patient care. Pittet, D., Dharan, S., Touveneau, S., Sauvan, V., Perneger, T.V. Arch. Intern. Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
  25. Initial results from a prospective cohort study of 5583 cases of thyroid carcinoma treated in the united states during 1996. U.S. and German Thyroid Cancer Study Group. An American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer Patient Care Evaluation study. Hundahl, S.A., Cady, B., Cunningham, M.P., Mazzaferri, E., McKee, R.F., Rosai, J., Shah, J.P., Fremgen, A.M., Stewart, A.K., Hölzer, S. Cancer (2000) [Pubmed]
  26. Pharmacology of upper respiratory allergy. Krause, H.F. Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. (1992) [Pubmed]
  27. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies. Roberts, D.E. Clin. Lab. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  28. Clinical adaptation of a high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the assay of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate in human plasma. Deitrick, C.L., Katholi, R.E., Huddleston, D.J., Hardiek, K., Burrus, L. J. Chromatogr. B Biomed. Sci. Appl. (2001) [Pubmed]
  29. Cholesterol reduction and health policy: taking clinical science to patient care. Epstein, A.M., Oster, G. Ann. Intern. Med. (1987) [Pubmed]
  30. Human ehrlichiosis in adults after tick exposure. Diagnosis using polymerase chain reaction. Everett, E.D., Evans, K.A., Henry, R.B., McDonald, G. Ann. Intern. Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
  31. Meeting highlights: updated international expert consensus on the primary therapy of early breast cancer. Goldhirsch, A., Wood, W.C., Gelber, R.D., Coates, A.S., Thürlimann, B., Senn, H.J. J. Clin. Oncol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  32. Major depression following smoking cessation. Covey, L.S., Glassman, A.H., Stetner, F. The American journal of psychiatry. (1997) [Pubmed]
  33. Latex allergy: the perspective from the surgical suite. Elliott, B.A. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  34. A rapid practical RT-PCR-based approach for the detection of the PML/RAR alpha fusion transcript in acute promyelocytic leukemia. Hussey, C.E., Lyon, E., Millson, A., Lay, M.J., Wittwer, C.T., Segal, G.H. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  35. Fatty acid synthase expression in Paget's disease of the vulva. Alo, P.L., Galati, G.M., Sebastiani, V., Ricci, F., Visca, P., Mariani, L., Romagnoli, F., Lombardi, G., Tondo, U.D. Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  36. Concepts for screening and diagnostic follow-up in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). Karges, W., Schaaf, L., Dralle, H., Boehm, B.O. Exp. Clin. Endocrinol. Diabetes (2000) [Pubmed]
  37. Evidence of systemic cytokine release in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. Halter, J., Steinberg, J., Fink, G., Lutz, C., Picone, A., Maybury, R., Fedors, N., DiRocco, J., Lee, H.M., Nieman, G. The Journal of extra-corporeal technology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  38. Molecular prognostic markers in malignant mesothelioma. Kumar, P., Kratzke, R.A. Lung Cancer (2005) [Pubmed]
  39. The ALS patient care database: goals, design, and early results. ALS C.A.R.E. Study Group. Miller, R.G., Anderson, F.A., Bradley, W.G., Brooks, B.R., Mitsumoto, H., Munsat, T.L., Ringel, S.P. Neurology (2000) [Pubmed]
  40. Programs, partnerships, and patient care: moving Society of Critical Care Medicine and critical care forward. The Presidential Address from the 27th Educational and Scientific Symposium of the Society of Critical Care Medicine. Dellinger, R.P. Crit. Care Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  41. Lymph nodes in the human female breast: a review of their detection and significance. Schmidt, W.A., Boudousquie, A.C., Vetto, J.T., Pommier, R.F., Alexander, P., Thurmond, A., Scanlan, R.M., Jones, M.K. Hum. Pathol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  42. Factors associated with survival in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with very low CD4 counts. Colford, J.M., Ngo, L., Tager, I. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  43. Mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells. Fu, S., Liesveld, J. Blood Rev. (2000) [Pubmed]
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